Anatomy 58 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
simple
1layer
pharynx
throat
telo-
last,end
carpus
wrist
Wrist
Carpal Region
myofibers
muscle cells
semimembranosus
leg muscle
Contra / Counter
against
Inferior
Toward the feet
starch
corresponding energy-storage polysaccharide of plants.
Apoptosis
programmed cell death
OFC
Orbitofrontal complex (common integrative area)
thoracic
pertaining to the chest
ID
1. Interspinous2. Levatores Costarum3. Intertransverse
Hypoglossus
Depresses & retracts tongue
sulcus
narrow furrow or groove-like depression
Identify the part below
 
 
Lateral horn
Splenius Capitis : Origin
C7-T6 (vertebrae)
tissue connecting frontalis and occipitalis
aponeurosis
Rima glottidis
space between vocal cords
stereocilia
long microvili incapapable of movement...found in ear
central
of or forming the center:
encephalon
The cerebrum is part of the...
cytoplasm
material outside the nucleus and inside the plasma membrane
intercalated discs
transverse thickenings of the sarcolemma of adjacent cardiac muscle fibers that contain gap junctions and desmosomes are called _________
Rhomboid Minor : Origin
Spinous Process C7-T1
the contractile elements w/in muscle fibers are called
myofibrils
Effectors-
perform a function following a stimulus-typically on muscles or glands
what separates the abdominopelvic cavity from the thoracic cavity
the diaphragm
Rugae
wrinkles or folds in the stomach
Teres Major
Origin: ScapulaAction: Extends & adducts arm
Pectoralis Major
O: Sternum clavicle-costal cartilage
I: Intertubercular groove for humerus
A: Medially rotates humerous, forward pull
keloid
an abnormal proliferation of scar tissue, as on the site of a surgical incision.
genous
1. produced by or generated in2. producing or generatingExamples:Autogenous = self-producing; originating from within the bodyHematogenous = (also Hematopoietic); pertaining to or originating in the blood
digestion
complex foods are broken down into simpler components that can be absorbed easily
glandular epithelium
Tissue whose function is secretion, which is accomplished by glandular cells that often lie in clusters deep to the covering and lining epithelium. Contains endocrine and exocrine glands.
Gray matter
nerve cell bodies & unmyelinated dendrites and axons; where your intelligence, personality, & common sense is located
mandible
two thin bones fused rostrally where they are covered by the lower beak
Microscopic Anatomy
examines structures that cannot be observed by the unaided eye
What part of the vertebra is this?
 
Pedicle
Fimbriae define the opening of the oviduct what is that called?
infundibulum
HEMOGLOBIN
large protein molecule inside RBC with iron containing substance
Papillae
projections of the tongue from the lamina propia covered by keratinized epithelium.
Surfactant
a substance covering the surface of the respiratory membrane inside the alveolus; it reduces surface tension and prevents the alveoli from collapsing
the right hemi controls somatic sensation and movement on the bodys left side and vice versa for left hemi
contralateral represensation
external oblique abdominus
compress abdomen
inferior 8 ribs
ribs 5-12, iliac crest, pubic tubercle
Mediastinal pleurae encases 5 things, what are they?
heart
nerves
blood vessels
esophagus
lymph vessels
simple columnar
one layer of column-shaped cells. stomach lining to secret juice, small intestinal lining to secrete digestive enzymes and absorbs nutrients- microvilli increase surface area for absoption
syndesmosis
two bones joined together by a strong ligament, allows minimal movement, fibrous
urinary bladder
Part of the urinary system. stores urine for eventual elimination
reticular region
Deep portion of the dermis. Composed of dense irregular connective tissue with collagen and elastic fibers. Contains adipose cells, hair follicles, arrector pili muscle, sebaceous and sudoriferous glands, veins, arteris, nerve fibers, and sensors.
Synaptic knob
point of connection; expanded tip of an axon in the neuron
the adrenal cortex has about how many corticosteroids
25
spinalis thoracis
o: spinois process of T11-L2
 
i: spinous processes of upper 4-8 TV
How long can sperm be stored for?
2 months
Name for food that's chewed in the mouth and mixed with salivary juice and turned into a mushy ball and swallowed
Bolus
Name the body Anatomical Regions-Posterior View (19)
Cranial,Cervical, Deltoid, Axillary, Branchial, Antecubital, Antebrachial, Carbal, Palmar, Patellar, Crural/Tibial, Tarsal, Pedal, Femoral, Perineal, Pubic, Inguinal/Iliac, Abdominal, Thoracic/Pectoral
RESPIRATORY MEMBRANE
IS SITE OF GAS EXCHANGE:

OXY INTO BLOOD
CO INTO INTO LUNGS
autonomic nervous system
involved with regulation of the internal environment ie: control of bp, respiration, body tempsympathetic nervous systemparasympathetic nervous system
Shin splints
Any of various painful conditions of the shins caused by inflammation of the surrounding muscles, frequently occurring among runners
marrow
a soft, fatty, vascular tissue in the interior cavities of bones that is a major site of blood cell production
metatarsophalangeal joint the articulation between the head of a metatarsal and the base of a proximal phalanx
a synovial condyloid (or ellipsoid) joint; it is strengthened by medial and lateral collateral ligaments; the joint has two planes of motion: flexion/extension and abduction/adduction which may be combined to yield circumduction
bicuspid valve
What is another name for the LEFT atrio-ventricular valve?
What movements function around the anteropoesterior  axis?
Intorsion (CCW) & extorsion (CW)
proerythroblasts; red bone marrow
the target cells for erythropoietin are _______, which are located in the ________.
Latissimus Dorsi : Origin
Spinous Process T7 (vertebrae) to sacrum, iliac crest & lower three ribs
define metaphysis
the area where the diaphysis and the epiphysis connect to each other
which has the highest partial pressure of carbon dioxide?blood in systemic arteries/blood in systemic veins
blood in systemic veins
meatuses of the nose
superior, middle, and inferior spaces between turbinate bones
brain plasticity
damage to dominant hemi early in life can shift control of lang to the nondominant hemi
Levator Costarum Brevis
Used during What? (inspiration or expiration)
what does it look like?
func?
INSPIRATION

12 small muscles on back

it elevates rib cage
gland
a group of cells or organ producing a secretion or selectively removing, altering or concentrating materials from blood for elimination from the body
Connective Tissue Proper: Dense-Regular
Function: Attaches muscles to bones or to muscles; attaches bones to bones; withstands great tensile stress when pulling force is applied in one direction
medullary rhythmicity; pneumotaxic, apneustic
the respiratory center of the brain consists of the ________ area in the medulla oblongata and the _________ and ___________ area in the pons
Ilioinguinal nerve
L1 - found in inguinal canal but does not enter at deep inguinal ring.
The part of the pharynx behind the mouth
The oral pharyx
Which of the following is NOT one of the three supportive layers surrounding the kidney?
renal peritoneum
Central Nervous system
consists of the brain and spinal cord and is responsiable for intergrating and coordinating sensory data and motor commands
How is an epidural administered?
the anesthetic is injected through the sacrococcygeal ligament and into the fatty tissue beneath that lies in the sacral hiatus.
What makes an animal a chordate?
has a notochord, post-anal tail, pharyngeal arches and flits, thyroid gland, endoskeleton, singular tubular dorsal hollow fluid-filled nerve chord
What is inferior?
if the first body part is toward the lower part of the body
CPP is primarily dependent on what
MAP, although increased icp may compromise CBF by reducing CPP
what phase is weeks 2-4 in menstration?
lutealcorpus luteum thickens, if no prego then endometrium breaks down last two days.
Vessels and nerves in the popliteal fossa from most superficial to deep
Tibial nerve (sciatic nerve may bifurcate earlier, or at superior border of the popliteal fossa)
Popliteal vein
Popliteal artery
(NVA)
 
**Popliteal vein and artery in a common sheath
Popliteal muscle (unlocks the knee joint) = floor of the popliteal fossa
Ant, Med, Post Fibers (not 3-headed)
O: Lat 1/3 of ClavicleAcromionSpine of Scapula
what effect do colostrum and milk have?
laxative effect to clear baby of meconium, and supplies antibodies
Name for flat sharp teeth that are used for cutting
Two incisors - central and lateral
in an adult, where does the spinal cord terminate? in a newborn?
L1 in an adult, L3 in newborns
Where is the semispinalis located and where does it extend to?
This deep layer of back muscle extends from the lower thoracic cavity to the skull....what is the name of this large deep layer muscle group?
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Definition:
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