Anatomy Quiz 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Ag
Silver
albi-
white
-ptosis
dropping,falling
dorsal
backside
-penia
deficiency
osteosarcoma
bone cancer
fiber bundles
ligaments
-plasty
surg. repair
Process
Any bony prominence
Cushing syndrom
hyperadrenal cortex
to scrape off
abrad
2 types of glands
Endocrine
 
Exocrine
Splenius Capitis : Innervation
C2-C6
normal curvature of cervical/lumbar
lordosis
Reduction
Realignment of broken bones
sub-
under (subcutaneous: under the skin)
endometriosis
ectopic endometrium in abdominopelvic cavity, most common site is uterine tube
flexion lines
lines on flexible surfaces
Nebulin


Protein that forms Z-discs
Anchor thin filaments
Connect adjacent myofibrils
Myofiliments
Two types--Actin- thin filiments, darker bandsMyosin-think filiments, lighter bandsBoth are proteins that aid in muscle contraction, cause the striped appearance of muscle cells.
The second dentition present
Permanent Dentition
upper limb veins
palmar arches
radial
ulnar
brachial
axillary
cephalic
basilic
subclavian
integumentary system
protective covering of the body
matrix
the intercellular substance of a tissue
Sensory Nervous System
contains receptors; transmits information from receptors to CNS
parenchyma
cells that perform synthesis and secretion
 
usually simple cuboidal or columnar epithelium
Do myofibroblasts stay after wound healing?
No
Macroscopic anatomy is also called (1) anatomy
gross
Styloglossus action
Pulls tongue backward and upward
esophagus is what to trachea? dorsal/ventral
dorsal
perimysium
divides the muscle into internal compartments
The chemical regulators produced by the Endocrine system are called
Hormones
nucleus
a specialized, usually spherical mass of protoplasm encased in a double membrane, and found in most living eukaryotic cells, directing their growth, metabolism, and reproduction, and functioning in the transmission of genic characters.
Anatomy
the science of body structures and relationships
cardiovascular system
internal transport of cells and dissolved materials, including nutrients, wastes, and gases


I am the most abundant inorganic compound


water
Axillary nerve
C5 and C6
Travels through quadrangular space
Innervates deltoid and teres minor
Becomes superior lateral cutaneous nerve of the arm (supplies small patch of skin over the shoulder)
parts of the rib
head, neck, tubercle, shaft/body
Sternohyoid : Action
Depresses larynx & Hyoid Bone
Serous membranes are
epithelial membranes that lines cavities of body and organs that lie within those cavities
When energy is converted, (1)
heat is lossed
PULMONARY ARTERY
carries deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs
sensory input of ANS
MOSTLY interocerptors-some somatic (limbic system) or special senses
RIGHT BRONCHUS
SHORTER
WIDER
AND MORE VERTICAL THAN L. BRONCHUS

CLOGS EASIER
Multifidus:
Found just deep and medial to semispinalis. Its tendon ascends three or fourspinal levels before insertion. Multifidus is most well developed in the lumbar region.
Describe Medial.
In the middle. Towards the midline
largest visceral organ in the bdy; weighs 3 lbs; has a reddish brown color; regulates metabolism; regulates blood; produces bile; regulates carbohydrate metabolism; regulates and stores fats; stores vitamins
liver
epicardium
the inner serous layer of the pericardium, lying directly upon the heart.
irregular bones
complicated shapes that fit not other class
Which gland belongs to both the lymphatic system and the endocrine system?
 
What is its endocrine function?
Thymus
 
T-cell development
i am located outside of the cell nucleus and carry out the orders for protein synthesis  given by the dna that is found within the cells nucleus who am i 
RNA
Pectoralis minor
O: ribs 3-5
I: coracoid process of scapula
Innervation - medial pectoral nerve
Action - stabilize and medially rotate scapula, accessory muscle of respiration
Solute-pumping variety of active transport is accomplished by
conformational/positional changes in carrier molecules in the plasma membrane.
Malleus
The ear ossicle which is in closest proximity to the tympanic membrane
define - endosteum
incomplete cellular layer that lines the marrow cavity
terminal ganglia pathways
s2,3,4 via the pelvic splanchnic nerve to the bttom of the LI, the bladder, and the erecction tissue of the genital
ventral & lateral horns
associated with motor (efferent) neurons
posterior
Situated in the back; also used in reference to the back or dorsal surface of the body
Thick skin
BSGLC "not bs that g loves c"
Forms the anterior region of the coxal bone
Pubis
astrocytes
cells of the CNS that help regulate the passage of molecules from the blood to the brain; contribute to blood-brain barrier
immune system
a network of cells and cell-forming tissue that protects the body from pathogens, destroys infected, malignant cells, and removes cellular debris
cephalic vein
A superficial vein of the arm is the...


An example of this is the breakdown of ATP to ADP when glucose enters a body cell
exchange reaction
inferior nasal concha
bony shells in your nasal canal/ passage
the layer of the meninges that serves as the inner periosteum of the cranial bone is
dura matter
Gas tension
the amount of gas dissolved in a liquid is referred to as an equivalent parial pressure
The name for the upper visible part of the tooth covered by enamel
The crown
Mouth-Oral Cavity-Buccal Cavity
Point of entry for food, begins mechanical digestion
Histology of the stomach, small intestine, large intestine
Simple columnar epithelium (mucosal)
Cranial nerve XI:Accessory
-Arises from medulla and part of spinal cord
-Motor only
-Moves head/neck/shoulders (“shoulder shrug” nerve)
-Damage makes it difficult to move shoulders, head
bile duct
a large duct that transports bile from the liver, having in humans and many other vertebrates a side branch to a gallbladder for bile storage
What is the structural unit of compact bone?
Osteon (Haversian System)
Deep palmar arch
Deep branch of ulnar artery + radial artery
Ethmoid Sinus Relations - Nerve?
Opthalamic - Anterior and Posterior EthmoidMaxillary - Nasal branches (Posterior Inferior Nasal, Posterior Superior Nasal)
T or F in order for homeostatis to ocur, only certain organs play a role
False (all)
False Pelvis: above Pelvic Brim, contains abdominal organs
True Pelvis: contains pelvic organs
What is the hypothalamus responsible for?
Temperature regulation, water balance, emotion, metabolism.
Spermatic Cord:
 1) path in inguinal region
2) Covering derived from...
3) Path of EO
4) Path of IO and ultimate function
5) transversalis fascia path
6) What doesn´t contribute to covering of cord?
 
1) travels through inguinal canal
2) structures of anterior abdominal wall travel down over spermatic cord and then over testes
3) EO forms external spermatic fascia(EO>superficial inguinal ring>inguinal ligament>external spermatic fascia, covers spermatic cord >covers testes in scrotum)
4) IO>cremasteric muscle and fascia (covers spermatic cord)>testes covering.  Cremastric skeletal muscles contract, causing testes to move superiorly.  **Cremasteric reflex**
5) forms deep inguinal ring> extends as internal spermatic fascia over spermatic cord>testes covering
6) Transverse Abdominis Fascia
palmar carpal lig gives rise to
acc lig of deep dig flexor
What are the three major effects of parathyroid hormone
stimulates osteoclast activity, increases the rate of intestinal absorption of calcium ions, decreases the rate of excretion of calcium ions at the kidneys ↑ blood Ca++ levels (↑ bone resorption)
On the posterior HUMERUS (not Radius), sup to Deltoid Tuberosity.
Radial Nerve travels in it.
What is the function of the thymus?
Processing and maturation of T lymphocytes (T cells)
Embryonic Period - Week 2
the inner cell mass divides into 2 sheets, the epiblast and the hypoblast
the amniotic sac - formed by an extension of the epiblast (outer = amnion, inner = amniotic sac cavity), filled with amniotic fluid
the yolk sac - formed by an extension of the hypoblast, digestive tube forms but not a major source for embryo, gives rise to earliest blood cells and vessels
these combined are called the bilaminar embryonic disc
SCM and trapezius are supplied by _
CN XI - spinal accessory nerve
to carry oxygen and carbon dioxide
What is the main function of an erythrocyte?
What is another name for Sutural bones?Where are Sutural bones located
Wormian bonesbetween the flat bones of the skull
What is the structure of a long bone?
Epiphysis at each end; Diaphysis Shaft; Meclullary Cavity; Periosteum
what is the shape of the distal phalanx of the hallux
a rough flattened head and a bicondylar concave base
it should be noted that tidal volume is not equal. Why?
5,000 mL of air or .5L of air remains in the lung so that it will not collapse. Thus more air comes in than leaves.
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