Anatomy Test #3d Flashcards

Terms Definitions
upward movement
break down
der Mund
complex carbohydrates
apart, away from
under, below deficient
association areas
integrate information
pertaining to the wrist
generative or germ bud
Oxygen O
ATP - metabolism
posterior to left atria
form; shapeExamples:Morphology = the science of structure and form of organisms, without regard to functionPolymorphic = occurring in more than one formPolymorphonuclear = possessing a nucleus which consists of several parts or lobes, connected to one another by fine strands
cranial nerve X
jugular foramen/stylomastoid foramen
pharynx/visceral sensation - sensory
swallowing, muscles of the pharynx (except stylopharyngeal) - motor
major parasympathetic, nerve supply body (visceral organs) - parasympathetic
Which band is dark?
A Band
aka for sweat glands
sudariferous gland
anterior corticospinal pathway
-direct motor pathway
-signals to muscles in truck and proximal parts of limbs
-crossover in SPINAL CORD
tendons forming thick flattened sheets
reticular activating system
sleep and conscientiousness
Carotid neurovascular bundle is deep to what muscle

what do carbohydrates contain?
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
cerebrospinal fluid
central chemoreceptors respond to changes in pH or partial pressure of carbon dioxide in __________
What does myoglobin store?
oxygen binding proteins
stimulated by somatotrophin, these in turn stimulate chondrocytres to lay down cartilage in growth zones of bone
inferior tibiofibular joint
syndesmoidalbones and ligaments: anterior and psoterior tibiofibular, tibia and fibula, interccesus ligament, transverse ligament
dorsal horn
associated with processing sensory (afferent)
SuperficialO: Dorsal Ilium, Sacrum, CoccyxI: Gluteal Tuberosity, Illiotibial TractA: *Major extensor of thigh, Abducts, Lat rotatesInn: Inf Gluteal n.
Gluteus Medius
Structure, muscle, agent, or process that aids the action of another
Biceps Brachii
O: supraglenoid tubercle (long head)
coracoid process of scapula (short head)
I: radial tuberosity
A: flexes and supinates forearm
What is they etym of reno?
hyaline cartilage
most abundant cartilage of the body
organisms respond to changes in their immediate environment
the transfer of information from DNA's base sequence into the complementary base sequence of mRNA
What nerves are affected with weak plantar flexion of foot and weak ankle jerk?
anything lying or moving toward the crown
basement membrane
joins epithelial tissue to connective tissue
the plasma membrane of muscle fibers is the
What 5 components make up the villus?
epithelium,arteriole,capillary,venuole,lymph duct
secretes saliva to help breakdown food
Conducting Parts: Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchii, bronchiole (terminal). Respiration part: respiratory bronchioles, aveolan ducts, aveoli, aveolar sacs
External Nares
refractive disorder of the eye caused by a shorter than normal eyeball; farsightedness
Labile cells
Cells that undergo mitosis regularly and quickly
Semilunar Valves
pocket shaped (prevent backflow from great arteries into ventricles in contractions)

-Pulmonary Semilunar Valve: exit RV-->lung
-Aortic Semilunar Valve: leave LV
what are sutures
Immovable joints b/w skull bones
What is the scentific name for swallow?
movement of the forearm so that the pal is turned downward
skeletal muscles
Part of the muscular system. provide skeletal movement; control entrances to digestive and respiratory tracts, and exits of digestive and urinary tracts; produce heat; support skeleton; protect soft tissues
mucous membranes
Type of epithelial membrane that lines cavities that open to the exterior. ex: digestive, reproductive, respiratory
falx cerebri
meninges that are down in the longitudinal fissure
evidence of injury that is observed or can be objectively measured
Inferior Gemellus
O: inferior margin of lesser sciatic notch and superior border of ischial tuberosityI: anterior fossa at medial edge of greater trochanter, w/ tendons of sup. gemellus and obt. internusA: lateral rotation of thighNA: N. to inf. gemellus and quadratus femoris, ventral divs of L4, L5 and S1AS: medial femoral circumflex a.
Inferior Oblique
Action: Eye rolls, looks up and laterally. Innervation: Oculomotor Nerve
A one way system that carries leftover fluid from the tissue spaces back to the heart
Lymphatic system
Occurs rapidly and takes place in bones that are needed for protection.
Intramembranous ossification
connects the ileum to the large intestine
ileocecal valve
what neurons project axons to the striatum to regulate motor activity of the basal ganglia, they are lost in Parkinsons disease
dopaminergic neurons
Tactile Receptors
Most numerous
~They are located in the dermis and subcutaneous layer of the skin
~***are two types:
Unencapsulated and Encapsulated
a liquid injected into the body, esp. for medicinal purposes, as a hypodermic or an enema.
sweat gland
one of the minute, coiled, tubular glands of the skin that secrete sweat
respiratory system
What system of the body contains the glottis?
What middle ear bone is this?
What structure is it directly connected to?
Name the parts:

Ear drum
1) Head
2) Neck
3) Lateral process
4) Anterior process
5) Manubrium
circumventricular organs
small brain regions in the walls of the third and fourth ventricles that can monitor chemical changes in blood because they lack a blood brain barrier are called
Why is muscle tone important for posture?
Keeps your head
What type of joint is this?
What does it contain?
What is a unique feature of synovial joints?
What reinforces joints?
Rule of thumb: how can you tell if its a synovial joint?
Synovial joint
Synovial fluid
It is the most mobile of all types of joints
Ligament that wrap around them to keep them in place
If you can pop it its a synovial joint
How does the Filum Terminale attach to the coccyx?
Via Coccygeal ligament
blood supply of kidney
receives 20-25% of total cardiac output, renal artery and renal vein
Second degree burn
Epidermis and upper dermis damaged (partial thickness burns)
False pelvis
lies superior to the pelvic brim. It is bounded by the ilium bones laterally and contains the inferior abdominal organs
-Ala and upper part
a bone in the human leg extending from the pelvis to the knee, that is the longest, largest, and strongest in the body; thighbone.
Anterior compartment of leg
-blood supply
-deep branch of the fibular nerve(deep fib nerve)
-Anterior Tibial artery
-dorsiflexion or extension of ankle
TA-tibialis anterior
EHL-Extensor hallucis longus
EDL-Extensor digitorum longus
What three tendons form pes anserinus in the knee?
gracilus, semitendonosus, & sartorius
What is Reese Buckler Corneal Dystrophy?
A problem with Bowman's Layer
If there is a flow of charge from one point to the other, this is referred to as___________
canaliculi, osteocytes, lacunae, osteons
associated with compact bone( all of the above )
Levator Costarum Longis
used during what?
what does it look like?
Where is it found?
inspiration; great ability to elevate rib cage

fans out from vertebrae, passes 1 rib and inserts to the one below that

found on transverse processes of T7-T10
The ___ matter of the spinal cord contains axons surrounded by a myelin sheath. The ___ matter contains cell bodies
white matter, gray matter
Range of Motion
the arc of motion through which a body segment moves in a specific cardinal plane of motion
What are chemical properties?
is the way that atoms interact w other atoms
Function of the small intestine
Plays primary role in the digestion and absorption of food
The main function of the thalamus is:
The gateway to the cerebral cortex
Describe the pretracheal fascia and name which structures it envelops.
There are two portions of the pretracheal fascia. The muscular portion envelops the infrahyoid muscles. The visceral portion surrounds the thyroid gland, parathyriod gland, larynx, trachea, pharynx and esophagus. It is located deep to the investing fascia and anterior to the prevertebral fascia.
what are the synovial articulations relative to the proximal phalanx of the hallux
lst mettarsal = proximal surface of the base
distal phalanx of the hallux = distal surface of the head
the first cervical vertebrae is called what? the second? the seventh?
first is the atlas (tilts head), second is the axis (turns head), and the 7th is the Vertebra Prominens
What is the absolute refractory period?
This refers to the time when sodium gates cannot open. Membranes cannot bestimulated at this piont.
1) Makes an impact on...
2) anterior surface
3) posterior inferior surface
4) bare area:  Attachments.  Location.
5) intra or extra peritoneal?
1) Impact on R Lung, R dome of diaphragm, URQ of abdom cavity.
2) Diaphragmatic surface
3) visceral surface approaching other organs in that area: large bowel, R kidney, duodenum
4) part of posterior diaphragmatic surface.  NOT covered by visceral peritoneum.  Attached to diaphragm by reflection of serous membrane.
5) Intraperitoneal
Why does the spleen have a deep red color?
Responsible for red blood cell formation; reabsorbs iron from recycled blood
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