Ancient Egypt 37 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Atum
Creator god
savannas
grassy plains
neolithic
new stonge age
Mastabas
Earliest Egyptian Tombs
Osiris
King of the underworld
Pharaoh
The ruler of Egypt.
Pharoh
A king of ancient Egypt
ruled in 1500 B.C.E.
Thutmose III
Polythesim
The belief in multible gods.
middle kingdom
c. 2040-1786 achievments in literature, arts, and architecture
conquered nubia
iron
implement used to brand live stock
empire
group of states or terriorties controlled by one ruler
332
Greece took over in what year?
Menes
King who united all of Egypt
Hatshepsut
encouraged trade with other kingdoms, especially Punt
the only female pharaoh
Charles Lyell
1833, gradual evolutionary change was the norm according to his book "principles of geology"
Expedition
A trip for a specific purpose. (Hatshepsut went on an expedition to Punt for trade purposes)
Nile River
the world's longest river (4180 miles)
Natron
A mineral often used in the mummification process to embalm the body.
rosetta stone
Stone that contained carved messages in hieroglyphics, Greek and demotic. Led to deciphering of hieroglyphics.
Akhenaten
Pharaoh who attempted to create the world's first monotheistic religion by shytting down all temples and worshipping only the sun disc, Aten.
Manetho
c. 300B.C. Egyptian priest and advisor who began keeping records of the ancient Egyptian kings
heart
the body organ that Ancient Egyptians believed was weighed against a geather to determine whether or not they were a good person
dynasty
series fo rulers from the same family
Papyrus
redd that grows along the Nile River
Amenhotep IV
-determined to resist the priesthood of Amon and establish a monolithic faith.
-moved capital from Thebes to El Amarna.
-His god was Aton, the physical disk of the sun, and it was universal and not just Egyptian.
-Changed his name to Akhenaton
-his religious reform proved disastrous in the long run. The Asian possessions fell away and the economy crumbled
-When he died , his successor was put aside and replaced by Tutankhamon who restored the old religion.
Reasons for studying Egypt
collecting, text illumination (often biblical), colonial politics/presige (Orwell-he who controls the past controls the present)
Peasant
a person who does farmwork for wealthy landowners
Anubis
The jackal headed god of embalming. He was the one who led the dead to the weighing of the heart ceremony. A priest dressed as Anubis would perform the "Opening of the Mouth Ceremony" before the mummy was sealed in its tomb.
pyramid
a massive memorial with a square base and four triangular sides
Napata
A capital of the ancient kingdom of Kush. This city was known for their pyramids in which to bury their kings.
subcontinent
large landmass that juts out of a continent (india)
Tutankhamen
boy king who ruled Egypt 1347 bc-1338 b.c.
in situ
the Latin phrase for leaving an archaelogical discovery as it is found, or "as is." Many archaelogical sites have reconstructions of buildings, where things have not been left as they were found, such as the Jubilee Temple you saw on the riverboat.
fertile
Able to sustain life; soil rich in nutrients to foster growth of large quantities of crops, given appropriate rainfall and sunlight.
amulet
ornament worn as a charm against evil spirits
Thutmose III
Warrior king who extended the empire to its widest limits
Egyptian Civilization
a society of people who lived along the Nile River in the northeast corner of Africa from around 3100BCE to 350AD
linen
a fabric woven from fibers of the flat plant
sphinx
a statue with a human's head and a lion's body
Low Nile
years when the fields were dry and there was little food
When did Egypt begin to be unified?
Around 5000 BC
powerful rulers over a unified state
What is a pharoah?
embalm
to prevent the dcay of a dead body by treating it with preservatives; soaking a body in natron and mummifying it embalmed the bodies of Ancient Egyptians. The process took 70 days; burial followed.
Eye of Horus
394 CE found a relic of this, magical symbol
WHAT IS THE SOURCE OF THE BLUE NILE?
mountains in eastern Africa
Why would Ancient Egyptians regarded the Nile River as one of their most important gods?
The Nile gave them life and security
WHAT WAS THE SOUTH OF EGYPT ISOLATED BY
6 cataracts of the Nile, Mountains
What happened around 3500 BC to the nomes during Unification?
They joined together until there were two large kingdoms
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