Ancient Egypt Vocabulary 5 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
anno Domini
to get
Middle Kingdom (Egypt)
the pharaoh's commands
tall, thin monument
the act of emerging
Most Egyptians worked here.
an ancient stone monument
egyptian bucket-and-lever water lifting device
broad,marshy,triangular area of land formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of the river
pictures, characters, or symbols standing for words, ideas, or sounds; ancient Egyptians used instead of an alphabet like ours
Doesn't belong: cataract, pharaoh, Nile River
people of wealth and power
the dark ocean in "god-land"
A kit used for writing
a system of writing using symbols
King Tutankhamen
Egyptian pharoh, died while young
An ancient or prehistoric burial ground (literally means "City of the Dead")
an organization of people (or countries) involved in a pact or treaty
step pyramids
built for pharaoh Zoser (djoser)
ruling city of the Kushite kings
a person who writes hieroglyphics, learns how to at a young age, and is usually from a wealthy family
They built great monuments. First there were step pyramids and they culminated in the great pyramids. There was also great monuments such as the Colossus of Ramses and the Temple of Amun at Karnak.
Early form of thick paper-like material.
A vast conglomeration of ruined temples, chapels, pylons, and other buildings, notably the Great Temple of Amen and a massive structure begun by Pharaoh Ramses II. Part of the monumental city of Thebes
Thutmose III
Stepson of Hatshepsut; considered a great pharaoh of the New Kingdom of Egypt
a seires of rulers from one family
nile river
the world's longest river (4180 miles)
a large, strongly-built boat or ship for carrying material
same as Nile River
River that flows North
ancient egyptiians beleived they had a soul, which they called the ka. The ka was released from the body at death, From then on
Neolithic Revolution
Transition from nomadic life to settled farming. People produced their own food, new skills and technology developed. Neo = New.
Old Kingdom
Dynasties grew weak in the end.
Two Lands
Upper and Lower Egypt put together.
Which Norwegian scientist proved that papyrus was durable enough to survive long sea voyages?
Thor Heyerdahl.
a province of ancient egypt, a district
Queen Hatshepsut
a ruler who worked to increase Egyptian trade during the New Kingdom
The way in which natural resources and workers are used to produce goods and services.
Social Class
people having the same social or economic status
the time of life after death. the ancient egyptians spirtual belief
Lower Nubia
the region between the first and second Nile cataracts
Ramses the Great
pharaoh know for contruction programs who reigned for 66 years
(1) located on the northeast coast of africa
(2)desert country with little rainfall
(3)lower egypt is located in the north and upper egypt is located in the south due to the flow of the Nile River
(4)Its very existence depends on the nile river
the egyptian pharoh who in about 2250 b.c. ordered the construction of the largest pyramid.
a region of Africa that straddled the upper Nile River
Delta marshes.
What was to the North of Egypt?
Step Pyramid
1st pyramid to be built in egypt
the practice of one person being owned by another person
Ramses II
One of Egypt's greatest kings who ruled for over 60 years, conquered vast territories, and fathered over 100 children
Ruled as a wealthy young pharaoh from about age 9 to 19
King Menes
A king of Upper Egypt that unified Upper and Lower Egypt.
Ruled Egypt for 66 years and had more than 100 children
Ramses I
Who rule during the New Kingdom, had over 90 wives and 100 kids, ruled 90 years, and built the most monuments and temples?
Kush Nubia
The kingdom of ______, in the region of__________ was first conquered by Egypt but late conquered and ruled Egypt.
King Narmer
the first to unite Upper and Lower Egypt
the dead body of a human or animal that has been embalmed and prepared for burial, as according to the practices of the ancient Egyptians
Pythagorean theorem
States that in a right triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the legs; used by Egyptians before Pythagoras was born.
Upper Egypt
on a map of Ancient Egypt this would have been located in the south due to elevation
Red Crown
the crown worn by the King of Lower Egypt
Slavery in Egypt
First appeared in New Kingdom due to conquest. Nubia and Asia. Could work for their freedom, not based on color or race.
High level
The people of a this social level were the pharaoh, his queen, and priests. The pharaoh and queen were of this social level because they ruled Egypt and they were thought of as gods. The priests were at the top of the social pyramid because they helped the Egyptians support their religion and designated their lives to the study of astronomy and philosophy.
King Tut
Known as the boy king who ruled for 9 years and died his 20th birthday
what was the hieratic version of hieroglyphs and when did it come about
shorthand in the old kingdom
name the characteristics of egyptian art
most important person is the biggest, pharaogh is shown as strong and healthy, includes lots of symbols and hieroglyphics, horror vacuii
Where did the First Dynasty extend its power and how did the First Dynasty end?
Southward along the nile into southwest asia, challengers took over Egypt and established the second dynasty.
How did the geography of the Nile River vally lead to the growth of a civilazation there?
the water provides firtile soil and life to survive around it.
Where are some of these Nubian rulers buried?
In the Nuri pyramids in the Sudan (Nubia).
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