Ancient Greece 10 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Philosopher
...
Archimedes
n/a
Peplos Kore
Archaic
Ptolemy
cleopatras ancestor
helot
state owned slaves
Democracy
ruled by people
plato
ancient Athenian philosopher
Who educated Alexander?
Aristotle
emergence of greece
2,000 Bc
ethics
morals- right from wrong
Sparta
ruled by an oligarchy
athens
-democracy
-ruled by pericles
-economy based on agriculture and trade
-women had no voice in the city affairs
-formed the delian league
-had slavery
-overpowered by sparta in the peloponnesian war
cavalry
soldiers mounted on horseback
peloponnesian league
citystates against athens
settlements in distance places
Define colonies.
palace centers
fortified homes for monarchs
asia minor
right of map; turkey
Arete
Power or valor in battle
Phalanx
Rectangular, mass military formation, usually composed entirely of heavy infantry armed with spears, pikes, sarissas or similar weapons.
Chimera
fire-breathing she-monster with a lion's head and a goat's body and a serpent's tail
myth
describing involving gods or heroes explaining natural events
Where is the birthplace of democracy?
Greece
Athena
- War and Wisdom
- Owl
- Minerva
Ambrosia
(classical mythology) the food and drink of the gods
Ephors
5 Spartans elected each year- responsible for educating youth and conduct of all citizens
Solon
abolished debt slavery and freed slaves. limited land allowed to be owned and extended citizenship. stopped the sale of grain. citizens gained more power
Pericles
Brillliant democratic leader who led the government from 460 - 429 BC
traded with minoans lead to
sea-borne trade
Parthenon
the temple honoring the g-ddess Athena, built on the acropolis above Athens
Aristotle
developed his own ideas about government; Plato's famous student
Eratosthenes
Greek mathematician and astronomer who calculated circumference of the earth
Thucydides
ancient Greek historian remembered for his history of the Peloponnesian War (460-395 BC)
Xerxes
leader of persians at thermopylae and salamis
greek architecture
This type of architecture has insipered many buildings standing today - the Parthenon is one greek example,it has columns on 4 sides.
Ares
(Greek mythology) Greek god of war; son of Zeus and Hera; identified with Roman Mars
healots
state slaves assigned to a particular plot
Peninsula
land surrounded by water on three sides
who was epicurus
founded school (epicurianism) gods that had no intrest in humans ruled
Messenians
Sparta conquered the ___, who became helots
Justice
the quality of being just or fair
assembly
male citizens of athens 18 or older
tyranny
a ruler who seized power by force
agora
in early Greek city-states, an open area that served as a gathering place and as a market
odyssey
a long series of wanderings or adventures, esp. when filled with notable experiences, hardships, etc.
Hoplite
a foot soldier who fought with shield and spears
Macedonia
the ancient kingdom of Philip II and Alexander the Great in the southeastern Balkans that is now divided among modern Macedonia and Greece and Bulgaria
tyrant
in ancient Greece, a ruler who had seized power without legal right to it
Peloponnesus
southern part of Greece attached by an isthmus
oligarchy
a form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons
Somata Misthophorounta
Money making bodies. Slaves who worked in the silver minds
Athens' production expressed a civic what to the Greek gods and goddesses?
Pride and tribute.
stabbed
this is how Philip died at his daughter's wedding
Fabian's reasons for war:
1. Compitition for resources
2. Religion
3. Perceived threat
Analogy
an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others
Cyclone
In meteorology, a cyclone is an area of closed, circular fluid motion rotating in the same direction as the Earth
phalanxes
small unit of armed soldiers with 18 foot spears
Sir Walter Raleigh
first English colony in Roanoke Island, North Carolina, 1584
Peloponnesian Wars
a war fought between Athens and Sparta in the 400s BC, ending in a victory for Sparta
Monarchy
a state or nation in which the supreme power is actually or nominally lodged in a monarch. Compare absolute monarchy, limited monarchy.
Marathon
a battle in 490 BC in which the Athenians and their allies defeated the Persians
women in Sparta
women had more rights because men often away at war, could compete against men in sporting events
An _____ is a type of government where the power is held by a few people that are usually rich.
Aristocracy
Darius
King of Persia - lost the Battle at Marathon even though they should have won
The Trojan War
fought between the greeks and the people of Troy, gods and goddesses helped heros on both sides of the battle
strait of Salamis
Place where the Greek fleet attacked the Persian fleet
Battle of salamis
The entire Persian Navy is defeated by Triremes hidden behind the rocks, Xerxes sat on his golden throne and watched his navy get annihilated
The Illiad
epic poem by Homer; is the main source of information about the Trojan War
Athenian Democracy similarities with US
like American because both paid council members and jurors for their services so rich and poor could participate,
Who was Thucydides? What did he do?
Historian; wrote about the Peloponnesian war, took out influences of gods.
occurred during the Second Persian War, lasted 3 days, fought against the entire persian army, 300 spartan vs 300,000 to 2 million persians, 1300 (all) greeks died and 20,000 persians died
What happened in the battle of thermopylae?
What did Cleisthenes do in 507 B.C.
He established a legislature to limit power
the athenian army defeated the persian force
who defeated who at the battle of marathon?
immortal
s
Stipend
fixed salary
Vendor
seller of goods
epic
a long poem
humanized
to make human or civilized
Assassinate
to murder for political reasons
Aeneas
sole survivor of Trojan War
city-state
-geographic and political center of greek life
-two of the greatest greek city-states were athens and sparta
Comedy
a play with a happy ending
thebes
a greek city-state conquered by Alexander the Great
Demeter
(Greek mythology) goddess of fertility and protector of marriage in ancient mythology
Greek gods
were human-like; immoral, jealous, vengeful, selfish
Apollo
god of sun, patron, archery, prophecy, music, and medicine
methods of goverment
monarchy- ruled by one
oligarchy- ruled by a few
tyranny- ruled in a harsh way
democracy- ruled by the people
What are some landforms?
Strait of Salamis
Peloponnesian Peninsula( the peninsula that Sparta is on)
polis
city-state - groups of powerful men worked together to make decisions for their communities - each community revolved around one city
Doric
An old type of column that doesn't have any base.
blockade
When a seige happens. The wall around it is all blocked
Hera
queen of the Olympian gods in ancient Greek mythology
persian wars
A series of wars between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire (5th century B.C.).
plane geometry
branch of mathematics that shows how points, lines, angels, and surfaces relate to one another.
Knossos
The palace that the arly Minoans ruled out of
MAJORITY
The group that makes up the greater part of a whole.
Empire
group of nations ruled over by an emperor; larger than a kingdom
Many private homes were made of _______________
Mud bricks
What were athletic games in Athens called?
The Panathenic Games.
The Peloponnesian War
Ancient Greece was split into three different groups. The ones who were on Athens side. The ones who were on Sparta's side. And the ones who were neutral. Athens and Sparta fought and Sparta won. They won because Persia allied them hoping both Athens and Sparta would be destroyed. Athens was hit by the plague. One in four men died. Athens also made a fatal mistake that destroyed most of their navy.
Battle of Issus, Alexander Mosaic
Hellenistic
310BC
made by Philoxenos of Eretria
Roman copy from the House of faun, Pompeii, Italy
Tessera mosaic
8'10"x16'9"
7. oligarchy
A few people hold power. A small group of people run the government.
What did Greek statues look like?
They were realistic and in natural poses.
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