Ancient Greece 38 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Pericles
...
assembly
coming together
Herodotus
1st historian
bards
story tellers
democracy
citizen run government
Zoroastrianism
The Persian religion
plague
a widespread disease
colonies
settlements on otherland
Polis
Greek city-state.
Small but autonomous. Where all activities were carried out
stoics
they excepted there fate
Aristocracy
a wealthy ruleing class
politics
the study of government
assasinate
to murder for political reasons
Phonenicia
An ancient seafarming civilization located on the east side of the maditeranean Sea
Barbarian
a wild and uncivilized person
Goddess Athena
Patron God of Athens
Rhetoric
the art of public speaking
The Mycenaeans won the war.
True
tragedy
serious drama that described the struggle of a person against superior forces
Agora
In acniet Greece, the marketplace where people gathered
post-and-lintel
horizontal beams laid across vertical supports
socrotes
athenian philosopher who developed a form of questioning known as socrtic method
Troy
city state located on Asia Minor
Acropolis
the fortified, or strengthened, hill of an ancient Greece city
Sparta
located on the peninsula of Peloponnesus
Socrates
Athenian philosopher who developed a form of questioning known as the "Socratic Method"
"Politics"
written by Aristotle; found three forms of government: monarchy, aristocracy, and constitutional government
Thales
a presocratic Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science
Hermes
God of good luck and wealth
immortal
someone or something that lives forever
Sappho
Greek poet who wrote about human emotions
Oration
a formal public speech, especially one delivered on a special occasion, as on an anniversary, at a funeral, or at academic exercises
Dorians
a group that invaded Greece around 1000 BC
Parthenon
temple of Athena; stood on the Acropolis
grave stele of a young hunter
Late Classical
Helot
A person captured and enslaved by Sparta who was forced to work
odyssey
a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) describing the journey of Odysseus after the fall of Troy
Darius
divided the Persian Empire into 20 provinces
Cleisthenes
ruler who turned Athens into a democracy
philosophy
organized system of thought, "love of wisdom"
krater
an ancient Greek wide-mouthed bowl for mixing wine and water
Cynic
philosophy to give up pleasure/ wealth for virtue and realism
Solon
Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
why did greek settlements fight
shortage of land
moral
relating to the judgment of right and wrong in human behavior
Achilles
Was the greatest warrior of Greece; he was dipped into the River of Styx by his mother giving him extreme power. His weak spot was his heal, and a propecy stated that he would be killed if he fought in the war.
Triremes
A warship with three levels of rowers on each side, Athenian ships that are long and narrow and built to ram other ships
peloponnesian war
war between sparta and athens 431 bc
called battle between elephant and whale
Pathenon
the temple of Athena Parthenos on the Acropolis at Athens, completed c438 b.c. by Ictinus and Callicrates and decorated by Phidias: regarded as the finest Doric temple.
Trojan Horse
a gigantic hollow wooden horse, left by the Greeks in Troy. The Trojans took it into Troy and Greek soldiers concealed in the horse opened the gates to the Greek army at night and conquered the city.
peloponesian war
ended the Athenian domination of the Greek world
Hippocrates
Greek doctor, he is regarded as the father of medicine. He tried to find out what caused diseases and is known today for his ideas on how doctors should conduct themselves.
Crete
This island was home to the early Greek ship builders known as the Minoans
Thucydides
took history a step further when he wrote an account of the peloponessian war - first person to record history for the future
Eleusis
Located on the coast of the mainland Greece; site of sanctuary to Demeter
Geography
The study of the earth and its people.
strait
a narrow channel of the sea joining two larger bodies of water
a temple
at the top of the acropolis was:
Delian League
an alliance headed by Athens that says that all Greek city-states will come together and help fight the Persians
Asia and Africa
what civilizations did the Greeks want to reach
alexander the greek
philip II's son who took over macedonia, including greece
acropolis
Ch 8/Sec. 2
a large hill where city residents could seek shelter and safety in times of war; also to hold meetings
Ch. 8/Sec/ 2
direct democracy
a form of democracy in which all citizens directly participate in making decisions
mount olympus
Greeks believed the g-ds lived in this place in northern Greece
Peninsula
a large mass of land projecting into a body of water
analyzing and classifying things based on observation and ivestigation
what was aristotle's focus?
Oligarchy
THis type of governtment is ruled by a few people especially wealthy people.
In a Oligarchy who's hands was it in
A few people
Battle of Marathon
in 490 B.C., King Darius sent army to attack Athens; Athenians defeated them; Pheidippides ran 26 miles with the news
King Phillip II
becomes King at the age of 23 rules from 359 - 336 BC creates well trained army plans to invade all of Greece declares war on Athens in 340 BC
dreames of taking Persia
338 BCN Macedonians invades and defeats
Greece this ends Greece indepdence
336 BC King Phillip is murdered at a wedding
never invades Persia
What was Helen like?
She is a beautiful mystery. She is an enigma.
At the present time there are two types of games in the Olypics
the Summer Olympics and the Winter Olympics.
Why would people be safe from attack if they lived near hills?
It is harder for enemies to attack on rocky and uneven land. It is easier to hide
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