ANCIENT GREECE DEFINITION REVIEW Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Athens
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Spartiates
Spartan citizens
Homer
Ancient Greek poet
plague
A widespread disease
polytheistic
believing in many gods
teleology
the study of ends
Agora
the marketplace in ancient Greece
Bard
A professional storyteller who traveled from town to town, telling stories and singing songs about Greek gods, goddesses, and heros
Pericles
Athenian leader that encouragd democracy
Socrates
A Greek philosopher who discussed laws, customs, values, and religion with students. He was accused of urging young people to revolt so he could take part in government. He also taught Plato.
allies
an alliance of nations joining together to fight a common enemy
Ptolemy
Alexandrian astronomer who proposed a geocentric system of astronomy that was undisputed until Copernicus (2nd century AD); decided earth was the center of the universe
Tyrants
Powerful indivuals, usually nobles or other wealthy citizens who seized control of gov't by appealing to common people for support
Cleisthenes
triumphed over Isagoras; united Athens through democracy - 10 tribes; city, plain, coast
Who was the goddess of wisdom?
Athena
peninsula
an area of land almost entirely surrounded by water
Archon
A chief in the democracy of Athens
arete
in early Greece, the qualities of excellence that a hero strives to win in a struggle or contest
solid geometry
branch of mathematics that studies spheres and cylinders
Greek Trade
Athens controlled the trade routes between the Mediterranean Sea and the rest of the world.
troy
a city on western coast of asia
Building a Democracy
Athenians avoided major political upheavals
Adopted a governmental system to fit their needs
Moved towards a democracy
Rule by the people
In Athens, citizens participated directly in political decision making
Merchant
A person who makes money by selling goods
acropolis
a large hill in ancient Greece where city residents sought shelter and safety in times of war and met to discuss community affairs
hephaestas
son of zeus, god of fire and metalworkers
illiad and odyssey
the epic poems that homer wrote
Democracy
a form of government in which citizens govern themselves
mount olympus
dwelling place of the Greek gods, ruled by Zeus
jury
a group of citizens chosen to hear evidence and make a decision in a court of law
Mycenaean's
This culture found out how to create ships that could sail for long time periods. They sailed over to the island of Crete. They were a very war-like people. took Minoan beliefs back with them to the rest of Greece.
mythology
stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works
aristocrat
a member of a rich and powerful family
True or False? Mountains are the major landform in Greece
True
the assembly
A group of citizens in an ancient Greek democracy with the power to pass laws.
Bosporus Strait
What body of water lies directly to the east of Constantinople?
queen helen's kidnapping
what caused the trojan war to start?
Peloponnesian War
A war between Athens and Sparta (5th century B.C.)
culture
the way of life of a group of people, including their customs, traditions, and values
humanization of the gods
gods taking the form of man and sharing human passions
What are the major bodies of water of Greece geography?
The Mediterranean Sea
Straits of Darnelles
Black Sea
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