Ancient Rome / Section 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Byzantium
...
census
population count
Legionary's
Roman soldiers
Vespasian
built the Colosseum
Octavius
Caesar's adopted son
BCE
Before Common Era
the unswept floor, 120
Attila
Leader of the Huns
patrician
wealthy, powerful Roman citizen
Remus
Twin brother of Romulus
Colosseum
An ancient Roman sports arena
Tribunes
represented the plebians of Rome.
Emperor
Supreme ruler of an empire.
legion
formation of 5000 in rome
Cleopatra
Queen of Egypt; J.C's girlfriend
Early Settlers
latin-built original settlement, polytheistic
greeks-establish colonies southern italy trading posts
etruscans-native to northern italy-had skilled metal workers and engineers influenced development (arch in architecture) system of writing to alphabet
had kings of rome
crassus
Marcus Licinius Crassus (Latin: M·LICINIVS·P·F·P·N·CRASSVS[1]) (ca. 115 BC – 53 BC) was a Roman general and politician who commanded the left wing of Sulla's army at the Battle of the Colline Gate,
Latifundia
Massive estates owned by wealthy landowners. Worked by slaves and grown wine or animals. Caused poverty for lower class farm owners.
Juris Prudentes
Legal writers who helped judges
Jesus
Founder of Christianity; believed by his followers to be the Messiah
The Maya Classic period begins
AD 250
Pergamum
gave their country over to Rome
edict of milan exact date
313 AD
pompey
Roman general and statesman who quarrelled with Caesar and fled to Egypt where he was murdered (106-48 BC)
Concrete
Romans were master builders of this
Hannibal Barca
Carthaginian General who invaded northern Italy by bringing elephants over the Alps
Patron
person who financially supports the arts
Aqueduct
A raised channel used to carry water.
catacombs
vaults or passages in an underground burial place
Ptolemy XII
This person was Cleopatra's father. When he died, Cleopatra and her brother, Ptolemy XIII, took over the throne and co-ruled Egypt.
Mithraism
Persian, popular w military men, union w Mithras, courage, strength
Twelve tables
finally written down after many disputes between patricians and plebians
Livy
Roman historian whose history of Rome filled 142 volumes (of which only 35 survive) including the earliest history of the war with Hannibal (59 BC to AD 17)
Vatican
The 20th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church.
ZAMA
site in northern Africa where the Roman army defeated the Carthaginian army in 202 BC
Roman emperor who was faced with military problems, when that happend he decided to divide the empire between himself in the east and maximian in the west. he did the last persecution of the Christians
Diocletian
pontifex maximus
people worshipped the emperor, title later given to him, high priest who chose vestal virgins
an economic situation in which there is more money with less value
inflation
Carthage
North African kingdom that was the main economic competitor of the Romans. The empire was destroyed by the Romans in the Punic Wars.
parable
(New Testament) any of the stories told by Jesus to convey his religious message
senate
people who give advice to the government
Italian Peninsula
a boot-shaped peninsula in southern Europe extending into the Mediterranean Sea
Pantheon
rebuilt by hadrian, first built by agrippa. largest dome until renaissance.
circus
a large usally a oval roofless encloseure,surronded by tiers of seats rising one above another
Marc Anthony
general and ally of caesar. divided half of rome with caeser. He commits suiside with cleopatra
Consul
one of two officials who led the government in the ancient Roman republic
Inflation
drop in the value of money while prices rise
legions
a well trained army that was divided into large groups
Peter
disciple of Jesus and leader of the apostles
gladiator
a person the trained to fight another person to the death for public entertainment
Domitian
Called himself lord and god and had rigid law enforcement. His wife, servant and guards killed him in his bedchamber. He was the first citizen to become an EMPEROR. He ruled last in the Flavian Dynasty.
Martyr
A person who dies for a particular cause
Scipio
General in the 2nd punic war. Defeated Hannibol FINALLY!
Rome
the former center of the both the ancient Roman Republic and the Roman empire;capital of present-day Italy
name of the letters that Paul of Tarsus wrote
epistles
Sulla
Rival of Marius, He marches on rome and takes control of the senate, he kills all who oppose him. Tries to reestablish senate as roman body of control. Is friends with pompey
Caesarion
love child of Cleopatra and Caesar. he was the legit heir of Rome after Julius died so he was murdered to prevent him from becoming leader
Who were the Flavians?
Vespasian and his two sons
forum
the marketplace or public square of an ancient Roman city, the center of judicial and business affairs and a place of assembly for the people.
Pax Romana
a period in roman history during which no major wars were fought, Latin for "the Roman peace"
T or F-As the republic grew it's army got smaller.
False
The Punic Wars
These wars lasted between Rome and Carthage when they came into conflict over the control of the Mediterranean Sea.
Patricians
a group of people who made up the ruling class of Rome
Christ
The name chosen by St. Paul for Jesus meaning Messiah. He called Jesus this while promoting him.
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
punic wars
Crucifixtion
a type of execution in which a person is nailed to a cross and left to die
Punic War
3 wars fought by the Romans for over 100 years
Engaged column
Name the type of column found at the back of the Temple of Portunus.
Roman Colosseum
it was a huge amphitheater and was a main feature of a special "welfare system" used by Roman politicians to keep the plebeians happy. It was also the scene of mock naval battles and bloody gladiator fights in which war prisoners and condemned criminals fought to the death for the amusement of the crowds.
Pliny the Elder
tried to save the citizens of Pompeii and told people to tie pillows on their heads to protetct them from stones and ashes
tunic
a coat worn as part of a military or other uniform.
sacking of rome in 5th cent
first by visigoths, later vandals headed by gaiserie, barbarians opened the gates
Strategy of paying off barbarians to stay away
Selling tradeable items such as salt,silk,wood, and gold. They did this because they didn't want them to take rome and they use them for safety
Strategy of paying off the barbarians to stay away
rome didn't want the barbarians to attack so they gave them some of there food and supplies
Edict of Maximum Prices and Wages
in 302 BC, the beginning of the fourth century, Diocletian set price ceilings on over 1,000 goods and service. Prices continued to rise to the point where official production became unprofitable.
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