ancient rome lesson 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
remus
Romulus
Caesar
Emperor; ruler
patricians
roman nobels
Virgil
wrote the Aeneid
Latin
language of Romans
family
center of Roman life
pax romana
the Roman peace
Tyrrhenian Sea
west of Rome
Caesar, Pompey, Crassus
1st Triumvirate
senate
A council of representatives
spandrel
area between arches on top
Sallust
author of Catilenarian Conspiracy; describes Catiline as foe, but with little insight; believes decline in Roman morals began after defeat of Carthage because Rome was left without a cause; describes Cateline's noble traits/courage; portrayed Roman aristocracy poorly; wanted to clear patron Caesar of blame
instrumentum vocale
Articulate instruments, i.e., slaves
Inarticulate instruments, i.e., oxen
Mute instruments, i.e., carts.
• Varro, On Agriculture 1.17.1 (ARD passage 208)
Handrian
117-138. traveled extensively to inspect provinces and restore military forces to good order. He was active in constructing projects. He built the pantheon, one of the grandest ancient buildings surviving in Rome.
Augustus
Caesar's adopted son, also called Octavian.
Jesus
Religious leader and founder of Christianity
Hannibal
general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War
soothsayers
people who can predict future events
Census
A count of a country's population.
Roman republic
wealthy roman landowners overthrew Etruscans,they set up republic(elected gov. of officials,only males could vote).
Did Carthage win the Punic wars?
no
Carthage
Northern Africa Empire which was invaded by the Romans
pontifices
16 priests; oversaw orgainization of religious events; kept records of proper religious procedure, dates of festivals, and days of special religious significance
Attila
terrorized both halves of the empire
Hannibal Barca
Carthaginian military commander who, in the Second Punic War, attempted a surprise attack on Rome, crossing the Alps with a large group of soldiers, horses, and elephants.
seneca
Lucius Annaeus Seneca, Seneca the Younger, son of Seneca the Elder, Roman philosopher and playwright, tutor and advisor of Nero
Groin Vault
formed when two barrel vaults intersect at right angles
Heresy
any opinions or doctrines at variance with the official or orthodox position
Villa
a large country estate; an important source of food for ancient Rome
triclinium
a dining room (especially a dining room containing a dining table with couches along three sides)
Roman entertainment
Fancy parties, free games, races, gladiator contest.
Mare Nostrum
Means "our sea" nickname for Medeterannean sea for romans
patrician
a member of the wealthy, privileged upper class in ancient rome
Quaestor
any of several public officials of ancient Rome (usually in charge of finance and administration) treasuror. lowest rung of curus honorum
disciple
a follower of a person or belief
Constantine
Roman Emperor (4th century A.D.) who promoted tolerance to all religions in the Roman Empire and legalized Christianity
Martial
Roman poet who complained about the noise in Rome
Colosseum
a large amphitheater built in Rome around ad 70; site of the contest and combats
Who was the emperor that made Christianity the official religion of the empire?
Theodosius
Latins
These people founded the city of Rome
Aqueduct
a human made channel for carrying water
legion
roman soldiers were divided into these large military units; made of 5,000 heavily armed foot soldiers; a group of soldiers on horseback protected it
small empire left when Roman Empire broke apart
Byzantine
Angles
Came from Germany; invaded Rome with Saxons
Gladiator
A Roman athlete, usually a slave, criminal, or prisoner of war, who was forced to fight for the entertainment of the Public.
Cincinnatus
One of Rome's famous dictators who was a farmer, gained power and resigned.
forum
a public meeting or assembly for open discussion
Byzantium
a continuation of the Roman Empire in the Middle East after its division in 395
citizen assembly
All citizens of Rome Republic gathered together to elect the senate and the tribunes (includes partricians and plebeians)
province
the proper sphere or extent of your activities
Peninsula
A piece of land almost surrounded by water and connected to a large body of land.
Punic Wars
a series of conflicts between Carthage and Rome
Gladiators
fought animals and people and after 3 years were freed
Edict of Milan
Constantine issued this edict which proclaimed official tolerance of Christianity.
republic
a type of government in which citizens who have the right to vote select their leaders; the leaders rule in the name of the people
romulus and remus
twin brothers, and romulus killed remus, they were the founders of rome and they were raised by a she-wolf, they found rome in 753 BC.
Provinces
an area conquered by the Romans and ruled by a governor who was or had been a consul or praetor.
Octavian
Nephew of Caesar who became the first emperor of the Roman Empire
Trajan
empire grew to greatest size due to his conquests; 1st emperor born in provinces; added arabia; hadrian was his successor; conquered dacia, and from wealth built forum, 1st huge imperial baths, new aqueduct and column that tells the story of his conquests in dacia.
Augustan Age
The golden age of Latin literature seen during the rule of Augustus Caesar
Tiber River
A river flowing through the city of Rome.
tarquin the proud
last ruler of rome, ended in 509bce
Strigil
A small curved metal stick to scrap of dirt and sweat from your body.
Thomas a becket
the archbishop of canterbury in AD 1170
consul
In the Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government
Cleopatra
She was an egyptian queen who had an affair with Marc Antony. She commits suicie with Marc Antony because Marc was defeated at Actium and Augustus was after them.
military problems in the empire
barbarian invasions and battles, disloyal soldiers out for $$, mercenaries
Consol
A Roman leader who served a one year term
New testament
some of the books were Mathew, Mark, Luke, and John
Constantine the great
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)
What was the real reason for the Trojan War?
Trade Routes
Rubicon River
The boundary that marked a point of no return; Caesar crossed it and started a civil war
Hadrian and his wall across England
"Romanized"and organized the empire- built bridges, roads, and aqueducts, ruled during the height of the Pax Romana, Built Hadrians Wall across Britain, strengthened borders
octavian-caesar augustus-1st roman emperor
Formed Second Triumvirate in 43BC with Antony and Lepidus after Caesar's death,reduced power of the Senate, began a period known as Pax Romana or Roman Peace
province and Provincials
territory governed as a unit within a country or empire, It also comes from Latin word provincia which means to conquer
Latium plain
a plain on the west coast of Italy on which city of Rome was built
government of roman republic
mix of monarchy - government by king; aristocracy - government by nobility; and democracy - government by people
Hillentine (Caelian, Planantine, Capitoline are)
which of the following is not one of the seven hills of Rome?
marcus aurelius and his meditations
was Roman Emperor from 161 to 180. He ruled with Lucius Verus as co-emperor from 161 until Verus' death in 169. He was the last of the Five Good Emperors.
Why was the location of Rome so important
Provide tons of food, had several easy to reach water ways, and two civilizations bordered them.
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