Ancient Rome Lesson Test Review Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Diocletian
...
tribunes
special officials
Persecute
to punish
the tetrarchs, 300
augustus caesar
popular general
plebians
roman common people
Alaric
King of the Visigoths
Disciple
Follower of a religion.
Who conquered Gaul?
Julius Ceaser
Cannae
worst Roman defeat ever
Origin
How something started or began
Octavian=Augustus(divine)
nephew/protege/adopted grandson of Ca, defeated cleopatra and MA at Actium(31), monarchy disguised as republic, new army loyal to empire
Theodora
Justinian's wife who advised him
Assemblies
-All citizens attended assemblies
-10 tribunes could stop senate
Legion
soldiers grouped into smaller groups
dictator
a ruler with absolute authority
hadrian
Publius Aelius Hadrianus[1][2] (24 January 76 – 10 July 138), commonly known as Hadrian and after his apotheosis Divus Hadrianus, was Roman Emperor from 117 to 138.
Samnites
defeated in central Italy by Romans
This barbarian tribe split into 2.
Goths
Which Spanish-born emperor had Pliny the Younger to advise him?
Trajan
persecution
mistreatment of people because of their beliefs
plebeian
A farmer, worker, merchant, or craftworker whose family came to ancient Rome later than the families of patricians.
disciples
those who follow Jesus
Sig: believers in the religion Christianity.
roads
vast network, connected empire with rome as the center, some still used today
provinces
These were self-governing regions of the Roman Empire. They were NOT located in the city of Rome or its nearby farmlands.
Cincinnatus
One of Rome's most famous dictator.
_______ _______ became the first emperor of Rome
Octavian
rome's accomplishments
building bridges, aquaducts, arches, ampatheater seating, the largest empire the world has every seen.
Gaul
region in Europe, present day France
Aqueducts
A high, arched structure built to carry water over long distances.
The new building material the Romans developed and used was?
Concrete
Augustine
A Christian scholar from North Africa that wrote many books.
Julius Caesar
Roman general who became the republic's dictator
consul
a diplomat appointed by a government to protect its commercial interests and help its citizens in a foreign country
Remus
(Roman mythology) the twin brother of Romulus
Optimates
More power to the senate and patricians. Against plebeian rights
aqueduct
a high, arched structure built to carry water over long distances
Shi Huangdi becomes Emperor of China
221 BC
Constantine
reunited the Roman Empire, passed new laws controlling prices and jobs, he adopted Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire
Patrician
member of landowning upper class in ancient Rome
Tribune
In ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights.
Republic
a government in which citizins have the right to choose their leaders
Atlantic Ocean
Strait of Gibraltar connects the Mediterranean Sea with
Diaspora
the dispersal of the Jews---when Jews driven from homeland into exile after attempting to break free from the Romans
Parable
a story that teaches a religious idea
toga
a draped one-piece garment worn by citizens of ancient Rome
veto
to stop the passage of a law
Italy had a larger amount of
fertile land
gladiators
slaves and prisoners who were forced to fight, often to their death
senate
an assembly or council of citizens having the highest deliberative functions in a government, esp. a legislative assembly of a state or nation.
These people were tribunes that were killed by the Senate
Gracchus Brothers
Amphitheater
an oval large stadium with tiers of seats
Paul of Tarsus
hichly educated Jewish Roman citizen and founded Christian commmunities throughout Asia Minor
Second Punic war
Hannibal's bold move/ crosses Italy with his army on elephants
Carthage
an ancient city on the northern coast of Africa; now a suburb of the city Tunis
Etruscans
Native to northern Italy; had a system of writing, and the Romans adopted their alphabet; influenced Rome's architecture, especially the use of the arch
pax romana
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180.
Who was the last emperor to persecute the Christians?
Diocletian
TUNIC
A shortsleeved garment that hung to or above the knees and usually fasten with a belt
requirements for roman citizenship
by birth, by naturalization (petitoning if foreign born) or slave being freed by his master
Apennine Mountains
A mountain range on the Italian peninsula
Perganum
located in Asia MInor and given to Rome by king
mercury
the ancient Roman god who served as messenger of the gods and was also the god of commerce, thievery, eloquence, and science, identified with the Greek god Hermes.
Role Of The Assemblies
made up of patricians & plebians
protected the common people
Primary Job: elect magistrates
mercenary
A soldier who serves for pay in a foreign army
Romulus and Remus
Traditional story of how Rome began. Twins abandoned and rescued by a wolf, raised by a shepherd . Grew to build Rome. Romulus later killed Remus
Ara Pacis Augustea, Altar of Peace
Imperial
13-9BC
Rome, Italy
Female personification (Tellus?)
Marble
5'3" high
2nd Punic War
Hannibol was the General of Carthage, they traveled all the way through the Alps and had battles Carthage won all battles except the last one. Rome gets mad so sends another army down to Carthage while Hannibol is still in Rome. Rome wins this one too.
Punic Wars
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
Constantine The Great
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337) (Made Christianity into a state religion.)
zama
the battle in 202 BC in which Scipio decisively defeated Hannibal at the end of the second Punic War
what hapened in the Punic wars
Carthage threatened by Rome,Romans moved south,Carthage lost
eleanor of aquitaine
was marryed to henry II ruled the south wester part of france
Worst Roman defeat in Punic wars-- 2nd Punic War; 216; Hannibal kills them all; As a result, Rome loses lotsa allies and NOBODY wants to fight Hannibal for 10 years
Battle of Cannae
Latium
A plain on the west coast of Italy on which the city of Rome was built
The Laws of the Twelve Tables
Granted rights to all citizens, allowed Plebians to become magistrates.
What was the typical role of the Patricians in the Roman republic?
served as the senators
The Romans had some simple machinery to help cultivate the land for
farming and to irrigate their crops
why were the 12 tables necessary
so the plebians knew what the laws were
What are two reasons that Roman Roads were important?
Roads were important for travel and trade
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