And Encounters: Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
• Eighty-five percent of the condemned witches were
A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, constitutions, representative government, and the protection of private property. This ideology, derived from the Enlightenment, was especially popular among the property-owning middle classes.
• Versailles was the magnificent royal palace of
Louis XIV.
Witte System
better conditions of the working world, built railways to help link regions for economic success (trans-Siberian railway), remodeled state bank. Used foreign loans to finance industrialization. Initially successful, until workers could no longer tolerate low life standards
Mexican Revolution
1810 to 1823.They fought for independence from Spain and for social justice; they wanted equal rights for Indians, mestizos,
Friedrich Engles
German social science philosopher that developed communist theory with Karl Marx. Also, this philosopher edited volumes of Das Kapital, a work that influenced the work of Lenin
policies, views, or actions that harm or discriminate against Jews
political nationalism
A sovereign state representing a people—Those speaking the same language, sharing traditions and customs
Shang Dynasty
The second Chinese dynasty established around 1766 BCE to 1122 BCE; it had moved its capital six times; the kings were buried with thousands of objects.
• Throughout most of history, the majority of slaves came from
war captives.
• The center of Islamic learning in west Africa was
Meji Restoration
when Japan worked to modernized in order to protect themselves from foreign influence
trade unions
association of trade workers formed to gain higher wages and better working conditions
Congress of Vienna
Meeting of representatives of European monarchs called to reestablish the old order after the defeat of Napoleon
The Maya
Existed in 3 different time periods: Pre-Classic (2000 BCE to 250 CE), Classic (250 CE to 900 CE), and Post-Classic (900 CE to 1500 CE); they lived in Eastern 1/3 of Mesoamerica and made tall step pyramids and a mathematics system based on the number 20.
• The Spanish Inquisition was first established in 1478 by
Fernando and Isabel.
Spheres of Influence
sections of a country where foreign nations enjoy special rights. China was split into these during the age of imperialism
Decleration of Independence
A U.S. document adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, during the Revolutionary War, to announce the separation of the American colonies from Britain. Written predominately by Thomas Jefferson, it asserted "that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
• In 1600, Tokugawa Ieyasu
finished the process of unifying Japan.
The Lapita
Existed from 1500 BCE to 500 BCE in the South Pacific Islands, mainly New Caledonia; they domesticated pigs, dogs, and chickens; they buried the bodies of the dead separate from the skulls.
• China fell behind technologically during the Ming and Qing dynasties because
the governments favored political and social stability over technological innovation.
• The term "native learning" relates to
a growing Japanese emphasis on indigenous traditions.
Agreement that was made between Ottomans and foreigners that exempted them from Ottoman law and gave them privileges of extraterritoriality
a policy for establishing and developing a national homeland for Jews in Palestine
• The most important American crop introduced into Africa in the sixteenth century was
Boxer Rebellion
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops
Mexican-American War
War between Mexicans and Americans over the annexation of Texas
Edmund Cartwright
English clergyman who invented the power loom (1743-1823)
cultural nationalism
process of protecting either formally or informally the primacy of a certain cultural system against influences from another culture
Oracle bones
Bones of tortoise/sheep that contained inscribed questions to spirits; cracks were left and were only read by fortune tellers after being thrown in a fire.
• Which of the following cities was NOT a Portuguese trading post?
• The council that helped define and advance the Catholic Reformation took place in
Seven Years War
Worldwide struggle between France and Great Britain for power and control of land
social reform
an organized attempt to improve what is unjust and imperfect in society
Napoleon Bonoparte
French general who became emperor of the French (1769-1821
Loess soil
Yellowish-colored dirt used as soil in Chinese agriculture during the Xia Dynasty.
• Over the course of the entire period of trans-Atlantic slavery, the mortality rate for the middle passage was
25 percent.
Opium Trade
A system in which the British would smuggle opium into china in exchange for silver. This system along with military aggression greatly weakened china and allowed Britain and other western powers to open up china to foreign trade and ideals.
Napoleonic Code
this code preserved most of the gains of the revolution by recognizing the principle of the equality of all citizens before the law, and ect.
• Lateen sails had the advantage of
working better in crosswinds.
The Mochica
Existed from 100 CE to 800 CE; they lived in the river valleys and the dry coast of Peru; they built some of the largest pre-Columbian structures.
• During the Ming and Qing dynasties,
patriarchal authority over females became tighter than ever before.
Hundred Days of Reform
A series of reforming edicts and laws in China. The empress used support from Manchu officials and soldiers (that had been threatened) to lock up the emperor and get rid of reformers
• The Ptolemaic universe was based on
a motionless earth surrounded by nine hollow spheres.
/ 44

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online