AP American History Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
ICBMs
Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles
globalism
national geopolitical policyentire world regarded as appropriate sphere for states' influence
American System
Internal Improvements; Protective Tariff; and 2nd National Bank
closed shop
business/factory where workers employed and join union
William Bradford
A Separatist Puritan leader.
seditious
concerning resistance to or rebellion against the government
Which presidents were Whigs?
Harrison and Taylor
Renaissance
"rebirth"-the great period of rebirth in art, literature, culture and learning in the 14th-16th centuries, which marked the transition into the modern periods of European history; fostered a more expansive outlook among literate people in the arts and sciences; encouraged bold new creative thinking which challenged the orthodoxies of the Middle Ages; created powerful new incentives for exploration and trade through economic prosperity.
Guilded age
period of greed and corruption
Hartford Convention
Federalists of North demanded financial aid for war debts
Dept. of Defense
CIA and US military
White Paper (1949)
Cold War securities paper
Anglicans
Part of the Church of England.
secular
belonging to the worldly sphere rather than to the specifically sacred or churchly
corporation
a group or institution granted legal rights to carry on certain specified activities
Acts that intended to regulate colonial trade with Dutch by taxing.
Navigation Acts
Richard Hakluyt
Main promoter for English colonization in the New World; reasons: included surplus of English labor and thwarting Spain; force of English Migration who collected and reproduced stories about America. He listed the Reasons to go to America, also.
Harvard
(about 1638), the first institution of higher learning founded in England's mainland colonies; a university in Massachusetts; the oldest college in America, which reflected Puritan commitment to an educated ministry.
George Greenville
*In Parliament
*Came up with Stamp Act
*Planned to tax colonies
*Negotiated treaty w/ U.S.
War Hawks
supporters of the War of 1812
Tobacco
staple crop of VA colony; exhausted land;
Thomas Hutchinson
Governor of Massachusetts whose house was burned by protesters
Syngman Rhee
President of South KoreaStarted US support of South Korea
Kim Il-Sung
leader of N KoreaInstalled by Soviets
Farmer's Alliance
was an organized agrarian economic movement among U.S. farmers that flourished in the 1880s.
Separatists
Left the Church of England because they felt it was beyond repair.
Joint-Stock Company
Investors pooled their capital towards a common goal.
monopoly
the complete control of a product or sphere of economic activity by a single producer or business
matrilinear
the form of society in which family line, power, and wealth are passed primarily through the female side
a young, wealthy Englishman that lived in the backcountry of Virginia that is upset over the Indians.
Nathaniel Bacon
Dutch purchased the colony from the Indians for $16 dollars. Then the English took it from the Dutch. Peter Stuyvesson was the governor.
New York
militia
an armed force of citizens called out only in emergencies
Criollos
People born in the New World, whose parents were born in Spain, or had other European ancestry; a person born in Mexico whose parents were born in Spain; regarded inferior to the Peninsulares.
Robert Lafollete
his goal was "not to smash corporations but to drive them out of politics and treat them like everyone else"
-outlawed the practice of giving politicians free rail passes
-set up commissions to regulate rail rates
Alexander Hamilton
1st secretary of the Treasury who proposed the 1st national bank
Pontiac's Rebellion
attempt by Indians and French to remove British from Ohio R. valley
Leisler's Rebellion
riot against lordly land holders in NYC
Sherman Antitrust Act
(1890) Declared compacts in restraint of trade to be illegal, 1890 - A federal law that committed the American government to opposing monopolies, it prohibits contracts, combination and conspiracies in restraint of trade.
Tract House
one of numerous houses of similar design built on a plot of landsuburban homes developed by William Levitt
King Phillips's War
Armed conflict between Native American inhabitants of present-day southern New England and English colonists and their Native American allies.late 1600sNew England, U.SFor many native peoples, recovery from the conflagration of King Philip's War continues more than three hundred years later
Pullman Strike
when 50,000 Pullman Palace Car Company workers reacted to a 25% wage cut by going on a wildcat strike in Illinois on May 11, 1894, bringing traffic west of Chicago to a halt.
Act of Toleration
1649:-Protected those who believed in the divinity of Jesus-No Jews or Atheists
Salutary Neglect
British policy that avoided the strict enforcement of parliamentary laws in the American colonies. Lasted from around 1607 to 1763 and allowed for American trade relations outside of Britain to flourish. Ended by the Stamp Act and Sugar Act.
middle passage
that portion of a slave ship's journey in which slaves were carried from africa to the americas
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Involved 2 questions: Did congress have the power to create a bank even if no clause in the constitution? and Could a state place a tax on a federally created bank?
Anthony Johnson
a black gentltman who bought his way out of slavery, bought land in Virginia and then sold it due to strict slavery laws and fear of loss of rights and property, then moved to Maryland; a black owner who owned slaves; is important because he helps to show how slavery was not initially a completely racist thing, but was more based on economics.
African Diaspora
the spread of Africans around the New world
1st National Bank
Created by Alexander Hamilton in 1791 to stimulate Northern Businesses
Results of Vietnam War
America pulled outSouth Vietnam was defeated and became a communist state
Leisler’s Rebellion
An uprising in late 17th century in which militia Captain Jacob Leisler seized control of lower New York.late 1600sColonial New York, U.S.The rebellion established a core of rebellious sentiment against British domination, and reinforced the sentiment that the colonies were subject to British rule by their free will, not nature. At the same time, the presence of British soldiers on colonial soil and the reinvigorated enforcement of the heretofore neglected Navigation Acts led to increased tension between colonists and British forces.
Populist Party
they called for free coinage of silver and paper money; national income tax; direct election of senators; regulation of railroads; and other government reforms to help farmers.
First Continental Congress
1774: Called in response to the Intolerable Acts. Tried to redress colonial grievances. The Declaration of Rights and The Association were drawn up.
Parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres which were given to colonists who brought indentured servants into America. They were used by the Virginia Company to attract more colonists.
Headright System
By Henry Clay. A new bank. Protective tariff. The building of roads and canals. Funded by the gov't.
The American System
Dartmouth v. Woodward
Contracts are above all laws and must be respected by State law
Utopian Communities
groups of people who tried to form a perfect society
John Winthrop
Led a large party from England to the New World and joined the Massachusetts Bay ColonyEarly 1600sNew EnglandHe was elected governor of his colony on April 8, 1630. Between 1631 and 1648 he was voted out of governorship and re-elected a total of 12 times. Although Winthrop was a respected political figure, he was criticized for his obstinacy regarding the formation of a general assembly in 1634.
Munn v. Illinois
was a United States Supreme Court case dealing with corporate rates and agriculture. The Munn v. Illinois case allowed states to regulate certain businesses within their borders, including railroads.
In which war was the Battle of the Goliad fought?
the Mexican War
Quebec Act of 1774
French were allowed to keep their old customs and institutions
French and Indian War
Started when a group of Virginians led by George Washington lay claim to the Ohio Valley (where France is setting up forts to command the Ohio River). This clash expands into the French and Indian War, which then expands into the Seven Years' War.
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