AP Comparative Government Roskin Book Chapters Flashcards

Terms Definitions
chauvinism
Extreme nationalism
Duma
Russia's national parliament
kleptocracy
Rule by thieves
paranoia
Unreasonable suspicion of others
oligarchy
Rule by a few
constitutional monarchy
King with limited powers
republic
First-order civil division of Communist federal systems, equivalent to U.S. states
Westernizers
Nineteenth-century Russians who wished to copy the West
Politburo
"Political bureau," small, top governing body of most Communist parties
Land
(plural Länder) Germany's first-order civil division, equivalent to U.S. state
tsar
From "caesar'; Russia's emperor. Sometimes spelled old Polish style, czar
opportunist
Unprincipled person out for self
glasnost
Gorbachev's policy of media openness
Five-Year Plans
Stalin's forced industrialization of Soviet Union starting in 1928
State Duma
Lower house of Russia's parliament
tyranny
Coercive rule, usually by one person
communism
Economic theories of Marx combined with organization of Lenin
revolution
Sudden and complete overthrow of regime
CPSU
Communist Party of the Soviet Union
socialize
To teach political culture, often informally
authoritarianism
Dictatorial rejection of democracy, as Spain under Franco and Chile under Pinochet
Central Committee
Large, next-to-top governing body of most Communist parties
apparatchik
"Man of the apparatus," full-time CPSU functionary
federalism
System in which component areas have considerable autonomy
cult of personality
Dictator who has himself worshipped
shock therapy
Sudden replacement of socialist by market economy
de facto
In fact, even if not formally admitted
Central Asia
Lands between Caspian Sea and China, formerly part of Russia and Soviet Union
runaway system
Influential people use their powers to amass more power
nationalism
Belief in greatness and unity of one's country and rejection of rule by foreigners
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