AP Euro - The Cold War Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Comecon
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Jaruzelski
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Stalin
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Vietnamization
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Charles X
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Hungarian Independence
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Saddam Hussein
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AL Qaeda
"base"
Alexsandr Solzhenitsyn
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Vietnam War
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Lech Walesa
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Viet Cong
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Ali Jinnah
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National Liberation Front
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Treaty of Brussels
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Commonwealth of Independent States
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Iranian Revolution of 1979
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Three Crises of 1956
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Democratic People's Republic of Korea
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Yishuv
jewish community living in palestine
Communist People's Republic of China
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De-Colonization
European powers experienced the disintegration of their empires after WWII
perestroika
"resttructing" of economy-aimed to revive sagging Soviet economy by adopting many of the free-market practices of the W
Mao Mao
Kenyan group of terrorists/freedom fighters who fought to end English control of Kenya
De-Stalinization
Khrushchev changes the system, remove Stalin's influence
(Helmut) Kohle
1982; A conservative Christian Democrat; Became the chancellor of West Germany after Brandt
Potsdam Conference
Conference where Truman, Atlee and Stalin complete post-war agreements. Trinity test is successful during this time, Stalin refused free elections
galsnost
aimed to open Soviet society by introducing free speech and some politcal liberty, while ending party censorship, more sucessful
Ronald Reagan
took hard-line stance against the Soviets during the first term of his presidency
Salt I
placed limitaions on future arms (nuclear) build up
Nikita Khrushchev
USSR leader, power struggle ensued after Stalin died, Khrushchev emerged as the leader a few years later
What shifting trends occurred within modern art during this period
Surrealism Dadism
Warsaw Pact
1955; Soviet Union's military alliance of USSR and seven satelite states in Eastern Europe
(Ho Chi) Minh
1954; Vietnamese nationalist hwo fought for vietnam's independance from France
Brezhnev Doctrine
Brezhnev's policy that the Soviet Union had the right to intervene militarily in any socialist country that it saw the need to do so
(Fidel) Castro
1959; Communist who overthrew the Cuban government of Bastita; Promised to make Cuba a democracy, but in 1961 declared it a Communist state in alliance with the Soviet Union
(Karol) Wojtyla
The former archbishop of Krakow, Poland, who was elected Pope
Joseph Stalin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
Atlantic Alliance
revitalized itself in the 80s under the leadership of Ronald Reagan in US
Irish Republican Army (IRA)
terrorized English cities demanding that Northern Ireland be returned to Ireland
fall of Soviet Union
15 republics are now free
(Wladyslaw) Gomulka
1956; A Polish leader who gained concessions for Poland and calmed anti-Soviet feelings (during Khruschev's reign)
(Janos) Kadar
The leader of the Soviet Union's puppet regime in place of Imre Nagy in Hungary after it crushed his revolt
Geneva Summit
1958; Meeting of Britain, France, US, and the Soviet Union to help resolve their differences; Largely failed
Pope John Paul II
Polish cardinal, elected in '79 traveled through Poland preaching love of Christ and country and "inalienable rights of man"
"space race"
US was horrified that the Soviets had eclipsed US technology in this area
START Treaty 1990
treaty signed in 90 between Gorbachev and President Bush
Boris Yeltsin
pres of Russia defied Soviet tanks and became a national hero
What conference led to the decision to divide Europe?
Yalta conference
38th Parallel
1953; The line that divides North and South Korea
(Leonid) Brezhnev
1964; Became the leader of the Soviet Union after Khruschev was forced into retirement
20th Party Congress Speech
Speech given by Kruschev to the members of the 20th party congress were he denounced and proclaimed his anti salin views.
(Alcide) de Gasperi
1948; A Strong president of Italy who won a major victory over the Communists; Post-Facist Italy
(North Atlantic Treaty Organization) NATO
1949; Military defensive alliance with the US, Canada, and 10 Western European countries to block communism
West Germany (Frederal Republic of Germany)
became independent country when US, France, and Britain gave back each of their zones
What were included in Gorbachev's economic reforms
Restructured economy to provide for the real needs of Russian people,independence for state enterprises,private cooperatives to provide consumer goods
Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
led to US refusal to ratify SALT II treaty (reducing nuclear armaments) and led to President Carter's boycott of the 1980 Olympics in Moscow
COnsider the role of the United Nations in events during this period
Goal of United Nations:to promote stability and peace throughout the world...... they played an active role..... United States became the leader
What gave the Brezhnev Era such Stability?
Won support of Bureaucrats wary of constant reorganizations and eager for security in established hierarchies
What was the goal of the Truman Doctrine
to stop the spread of communism
What were the deep causes for the emergence of a women's rights movement in the west after WWII
On going changes in patterns of motherhood and paid work.. Vanguard feminists stirred up many women to change the status quo... Lessons learned from the civil rights movement taught women to band together to influence politics and secure fundamental reforms
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