AP Euro - The French Revolution Flashcards

Terms Definitions
(general referendum) overwhelmingly approved
National Assembly
French Revolutionary assembly (1789-1791). Called first as the Estates General, the three estates came together and demanded radical change. It passed the Declaration of the Rights of Man in 1789.
Radical republicans, left winged, during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794.
Division within the Third Estate; similar to the modern-day middle class
Estates General
France's traditional national assembly with representatives of the three estates, or classes, in French society: the clergy, nobility, and commoners. The calling of the Estates General in 1789 led to the French Revolution.
Georges-Jacques Danton
French revolutionary leader who stormed the Paris bastille and who supported the execution of Louis XVI but was guillotined by Robespierre for his opposition to the Reign of Terror (1759-1794)
Maximillian Robespierre
extreme Jacobin, controlled Nat'l Convention for a time, started the Reign of Terror
Louis XVI
King of France; very ineffective leader due to his indecisiveness; executed on January 21, 1793 after being charged with treason
place in western France where many deaths occurred in open revolt against the Convention
Jean-Paul Marat
radical journalist, led to many executions and eventually murdered by a Girondin women
Thermidorian Reaction
extended Political Reign of Terror. Goal was increasingly an ideal democratic republic where justice would reign and there would be neither rich nor poor. their lofty goal was unrestrained despotism and guillotine. In Mar. 1794, to the horror of many sans-culorres, Robespierre's Terror wiped out many angry men who had been criticizing Robespierre for being soft on the wealthy. it recalled the early days of the Revolution
Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite
ideals established during the revolution
A French political leader of the eighteenth century. A Jacobin, he was one of the most radical leaders of the French Revolution. He was in charge of the government during the Reign of Terror, when thousands of persons were executed without trial. After a public reaction against his extreme policies, he was executed without trial; led the Mountain, a.k.a. "Mr. Incorruptible" wanted to create a "republic of virtue", advocated the execution of Louis XVI
without "knee breeches"; term used to describe the lower middle class of France
Third Estate
made up of Bourgeoisie, urban lower class, and peasant farmers
"Great Fear"
The panic and insecurity that struck French peasants in the summer of 1789 and led to their widespread destruction of manor houses and archives.
Maximilien Robespierre
"The incorruptable;" the leader of the bloodiest portion of the French Revolution. He set out to build a republic of virtue.
storming of the Tuleries
Responding to Brunswick Manifesto, mobs seized power in Paris. The king was taken prisoner. Marks the beginning of the "Second Revolution".
Georges Danton
minister of justice who led the sans-culottes, wanted revenge on those who aided the king, resisted the popular will.
The group most opposed to the Civil Consititution of the Clergy
Reign of Terror
the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed by Robespierre because they were thought to go against the beliefs of a revolution and then he, himself, was executed; Radical republicans during the French Revolution.
Abbie Sieyes
The mose influential wirter in the third estate that wrote "What is the Third Estate?"
American Revolution
Because Louis XVI put so much money into funding this, France increased its debt by a lot more in the late eighteenth century
Conspiracy of Equls
led by "Gracchus" Babeuf, formed to overthrow the directory and replace it with a dictatorial "democratic" gov't which would abolish private property and enforce equality
Louis XV
grandson of Louis XIV and king of France from 1715 to 1774 who led France into the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War, more concerned with mistresses than matters of the state...eventually, he took action to defend his absolutist inheritance after Parliament objection. "The magistrates are my officers...In my person only does the sovereign power rest." Louis XV really enjoyed the lavish lifestyle that came to him upon becoming king. Instated the Parliament, but later dissolved it due to their opposing his absolutist style.
The Great Fear
a vast panic attack that spread through France due to the fear of invasion aided by aristocratic plot.
Concordant of Bologna
France accepts supremacy of Pope over Church council and king is given right to elect French bishops
Levee en Masse
A draft, so to speak, for all able-bodied men to defend the nation; important because it put the responsibility on all, rather than one social class of people
Marie Antoinette
queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular; her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)
Men elected to represent the third estate in the Estates General were primarily
lawyers and government officials
March on Versailles
'Bread March of Women' was due to bread shortages and increasingly high prices. In 1789 when rumors spread that nobles were hoarding bread, women joined together and stormed Versailles, blaming the situation on Marie Antoinette.
The new assembly that was elected after France had a constitution
What was the Legislative Assembly?
French government's near bankruptcy
The cause for the convening of the Estates General in 1789
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
France's revolutionary 1789 declaration of rights stressing liberty, equality, and fraternity
They were able to achieve the government they wanted
What was accomplished by the National Assembly's action abolishing feudalism?
How did Maupeou parlements impact the French outlook of the monarchy?
parlement was made up of docile royal officials and began to tax the privileged groups.
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