Beowulf 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
dale
valley
Baleful
Evil
garm
hound
loathsome
Disgusting
Assail
Attack
Wergild
a man-price
bogs
wetland areas
swathe
wrapping; bandage
Danish
Heorot was
Ecgtheow
Beowulf's father...
wiggetawa
war equipment
swift
moving very fast
fettle
readiness for action
Stalwart
strong and brave
Murky
dark and gloomy
Heorot
A mead hall
grendel's mother
avenges son
pinioned
bound the arms of
fast
firmly fixed in place
Indifferent (adj.)
marked by impartiality
solace
to console or cheer
Higlac
Beowulf Kind and Uncle
horses
Beowulf gives Hygd three.....
To Overshroud
to cover over
Esher
Hrothgar's trusted advisor and favorite nobleman
bane
something causes misery or death
Rampage
act violently, recklessly, or destructively
Tactitus
latin speaking scholar; composed Germania
ponder
to think about something carefully
daunting
seeming difficult to deal with
synonym-intimidating
antonym-welcoming
ADJECTIVE
prowess
exceptional or superior ability, skill, or strength:
filigree
delicate and intricate ornamental work made from gold, silver, or other fine twisted wire; ornamentation made from this.
inhabit (63)
to live or swell in
mead hall
places where beowulf kills grendel
reparation
compensation (given or received) for an insult or injury
Ingled the Heathoboard
leader of the heathoboards
Mead
alcoholic beverage made with fermented water and honey
flashback
a transition (in literary or theatrical works or films) to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story
Finn
Frisian leader who is killed by Hengest and originally marries Hildeburh
Wealhtheow
Hrothgar's wife, the gracious Queen of the Danes.
ignominious
(adj) - marked with or characterized by disgrace or shame
• Synonym - shunned
• Antonym - praiseworthy
anglo-saxon poetry
4 stressed syllables per line, alliterated stressed syllables, a caesura in every line, no end rhyme
parley
to discuss terms with, esp. an enemy
purge
to cleanse or rid of something undesirable
literary epics
are written by individual authors, drawing on the style and conventions of of the folk epic. examples are illiad and odyessy
What "theories" does Grendel laugh at?
their religion
tripartite
involving, participated in, or made by three parties
affliction
a cause of great suffering and distress
Peace-weaver
The name given to women who are married off to the men from opposing tribes as way to bring about peace.
beacon
a tower with a light that gives warning of shoals to passing ships
moors
broad ares of open, often boggy, land with low shrubs
cache
collection of items stored in a hidden place
how does bewulf preperation for the battle with Grendel's mother differ from his preperation for the battle with grendel
he's armed
ARM
WHAT DOES BEOWULF TAKE FROM GRENDEL AT THE BATTLE OF HEROT?
Which character in Canterbury Tales is most like Chaucer?
the narrator
Beowulf
Son of Ecgtheow and King of the Geats who goes to Heorot to defeat Grendel.
Folk Epic
a piece of epic literature about the people of the civilization and the commonality of their experiences, wisdom, and values
Mead (noun)
a fermented beverage made of water and honey, malt, and yeast
Scyld Shefing
He is known as one of the first great kings of the Danes. Upon his death he is given a remarkable burial at sea. Eventually he becomes the great-grandfather of Hrothgar, king during Grendel's attacks upon the Danes. Great grandfather to Hrothgar
Unferth gives Beowulf his sword before Beowulf battles Grendel's mother because
Unferth knows that he (Unferth) is not courageous enough to face Grendel's mother
fenny
marshy
Fetters
Chains
Singed
burn
Parleying
Discussing
skulked
moved stealthily
upshot
result, conclusion
yore
former times
Cavernous
Cavediving, spulking
Kinsmen
blood relative
magorinca
young warriors
billowing
Swelling; fluttering; waving
sinews
tendons or ligaments
disconsolate (adj)
extremely dejected
Dates to
8th Century
mettle
courage and fortitude
lament
to feel deep sorrow
Wiglaf
helps kill the dragon
obdurate
resistant to persuasion, inflexible
Henceforth
from this time on
doleful!
filled with expressing grief, mournful; causing grief.
Fervent
(adj.) very earnest, emotional, passionate; extremely hot
resolute
determined
describes someone who is stubborn
Geatland
Modern day Sweden, Beowulf's homeland.
Wayland
a celebrated blacksmith whose workmanship was the finest
Respite
a short delay in time
incomprehensible
impossible to understand or comprehend; unintelligible.
Scop
an Old English term for poet
righteous (27)
characterized by uprightness or morality
Indo-European
family of languages spoken over greater part of Europe and Asia as far as northern India
Formented
to promote the growth of; incite
The Dragon
the cause of Beowulf's death
spouting
to pour out a liquid forcefully
ravenous
exceptionally hungry, eager for food or gratification
Vane
A person who is readily changeable
Revered
to feel deep respect or admiration towards something
Grendel
A demon descended from Cain, Grendel preys on Hrothgar's warriors in the king's mead-hall, Heorot. Because his ruthless and miserable existence is part of the retribution exacted by God for Cain's murder of Abel, Grendel fits solidly within the ethos of vengeance that governs the world of the poem.
paradox
a weird sounding statement that is true ex: Beowulf won and lost against the dragon. It doesn't really make sense but when you break it down it does.
mail shirts
flexible armour composed of small overlapping metal rings or loops of chain
stench
a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant
epic
long narrative poem that recounts the adventures of a legendary hero in pursuit of a goal of national importance, also reveals cultural and religious values of people who created and retold them
John Gardner's story of Grendel is told from whose point of view?
Grendel's
Groveling
Crawl; humiliate oneself in front of authority
demur
to voice opposition; the act of doing so; an objection that makes sense.
urgings
to impel, constrain, or to move with some action
Hrothgar
The king of the Danes. Builder or Herot.
hilt n
the handle of a sword or dagger
how many bodies does Grendel carry off during his first attack on Heorot?
30
Hastened
to move or act with haste; proceed with haste; hurry
hag
n. a very old ugly old woman; especially one that is vicious and malicious
scion (147)
a descendant of a notable family or one with a long lineage; kings son
"He is the father of every evil being - monsters and elves and spiteful spirits." Who?
Grendel
patriarch
1 a: one of the scriptural fathers of the human race or of the Hebrew people b: a man who is father or founder c (1): the oldest member or representative of a group (2): a venerable old man d: a man who is head of a patriarchy
pyre
wood heaped for burning a dead body as a funeral rite
gods; angels; demons
A characteristic of an epic is that supernatural forces -- ____, ____, and ____ -- interest themselves in the action.
thought it was connected to God
reason why Grendel never touched Hrothgar's throne,
what are the four values of the anglo saxon people?
1. love of adventure
2. emphesis on the honor of kings
3. awe of natural beauty, especially the sea
4. love of battle conflict
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