AP Euro Scientific Revolution 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Anatomy
-Andreas Vesalius
-emphasizes dissecting bodies
>previously done by Galen, but no one would
correct him. Vesalius doesn't hesitate
Science and Religion
-religion suffers
-Spinoza
-Pascal
1688
locke inspried glorious revolution/right to revolt
Candide
Voltaire, satirizing society and organized religion in Europe.
How Did It Spread?
-scientific societies
-journals
-practicality in society
empiricism
Bacon's theory of inductive reasoning.
Locke
more supportive of constitutional monarchy.
people are resonable and educable.
ruler gives natural rights and receives loyalty and good sense. (Conditional)
Galileo Galilei
Created modern experimental method. Formulated the law of inertia. Tried for heresy and forced to recant. Saw Jupiter's moons. Wrote Dialogue on the Two Chief Systems of the World
Andrew Celsius
invented measurement of temperature (Celsius)
Pascal
-wanted to unite science and religion
-"Pensees" - tries to appeal to both
-If god exists, we gain everything; if he doesn't, we lose nothing
-reason can only take us so far, god is infinite
*failed at unification
-people began acting on secularism, not religious assumptions
humanitarianism
Promoting human welfare and social reform.
1750
montesqieu-spirit of laws- limits on gov't
Enlightenment
light in dark closet/centered in France.
Philosophes
french for philosophers (in France during 1700's)
Andreas Vesalius
Flemish scientist who pioneered the study of anatomy and provided detailed overviews of the human body and its systems.
Rococo
Art style that focuses on pastels, ornate interiors, and sentimental portraits.
Ptolemy's System
Last great ancient astronomer; there was a place for God. Complicated rules used to explain minor irregularities in the movement of the planets.
Archimedes
A greek "mechanist"who didn't care why things happened but wanted to know how they did (the mechanics). His ideas inspired most of the scientists in the scientific revolution.
Frederich the Great
introduced religious toleration and was a very Englightened monarch.
Codefied laws and expanded (gaining silesia)
Heliocentric Universe
sun center of universe; developed by copernicus
Isaac Newton
English scientist. 3 Laws of motion. Mathematics Principal of Natural Philosophy (1687)
natural law
universal law that could be understood by applying reason; letting people govern themselves.
Gresham College
Located in England. Leading place for the advancement of science. First time scientists had a honored roll in society; center of scientific activity.
De Revolutionibus
Copernicus's book in Latin that had the sun as the center with circular orbits around it and was not published in his lifetime.
Nicolaus Copernicus
The Polish scientist who worked in the 1500s. He abandoned the largely accepted geocentric theory that the planets moved around Earth and advocated the heliocentric theory, which stated that the center of the universe was near the Sun.
Essay Concerning Human Understanding
Written by Locke, tabula rasa theory.
Deism
God built the Universe and let it run. Clockmaker theory.
Aristotelian World View
Motionless earth was fixed at center of universe, God was beyond.
Cartesian Dualism
"Cogito Ergo Sum"
"i think therefore i am"
what is real vs what is perceived.
De montesquieu
was a baron who fought for the rights of nobles in France, arguing for a constitutional government with checks and balances.
The Royal Society of London
Established by Charles II in 1662; purpose to help the sciences.
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