AP Euro The Industrial Revolution Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Charles Fouriersupported phalanxes(communities)industry ignored passion of human nature
Easter Europe
larger houses
hobereaux was the..
provincial nobility
Northwestern Europe houses had..
nuclear houses
rejected industrysociety organized on mutualism
who perfected the steam engine?
james watt
whos the founder of Owenism?
Robert Owen
Karl Marx wrote "Rhineland Gazette". true or false?
the plebiscite of December 21,________ allowed Napoleon a new constitution
when did major urban expansion occur?
largest peasant upspringing took place in...
robot means
requirement of service of Hapsburg Lands
which country had largest freetrade area in europe?
Great Britain
"of the robe" means
bureaucracy and buying it
who promised serfs land and freedom?
Emelyan Dugachevv
which"ism" became leaders in french railway industry in 1850s?
saint simonianism
Commercial Revolution
A period of European economic expansion, colonialism, and mercantilism which lasted from approximately the 16th century until the early 18th century. Precursor to the Industrial Revolution.
Who wrote "Fragment on Government" and "the Principles of Morals and Legislation"
Jeremy Bentham
Bloshevik Revolution of 1917 dominated..
soviet union, eastern europe
who was a major spokesperson for terror
auguste blanqui
who confirmed authority of the nobles?
Catherine the Great
who formed the London Working Men's Association?
William Lovert
what were prisoners chained to benches until they died called?
naval galleys
Industrial Revolution
A period of rapid development, roughly between 1780 and 1830, during which new forms of energy from coal and other fossil fuels were first used to power machines. Began in Britan in the second half of the 18th century. Its most significant result was the increased production and availability of manufactured goods.
french women leaders in 1848=
Jeanne Deroin and Pauline Roland
who was the leader of the first pan-slavic congress?
francis palacky
industrial revolution is classified as
achievement of sustained economic growth
what was proletarianization
artisans and factory workers work in wage-labor force
What did Jethro Tull invent?
Iron plow & seed drills
who believed people had the power to be rich?
Francois Guizot
Child Labor Laws
Passed after the first three decades of the 19th century. Limited the number of hours that children could be required to work.
Thomas Malthus
Said that poverty is the result of overpopulation: population increases geometrically, but the food supply increases arithmetically.
The idea that the moral worth of an action is determined solely by its usefulness in maximizing utility (pleasure/knowledge/whatever.)
What did Cornelius Vermuyden do?
drained acres of land by Cambridge
what is known as a time where alcohol blinded and killed many people?
gin age
where were serious offenders sent to?
New south Wales or Austrailia
during the urban riot, what led to the riots?
religious intolerance
Comte de Saint-Simon
One of the early French founders of socialism. Advocated public ownership of factories and a professional managerial class, the technocrats, to run them.
"Essay on Principle of Popuation" by David Ricardo said that..
poplulation will outgrow food supply
improved locamotive
-Nitrogen fixing crop
invention by John Deere
Henry Cort
inventor of puddling process
power loom
water and steam both.
Wanted to conserve traditional values, such as the family; supported the government helping those in the working class; opposite of liberal
the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other
A secret society; designated to overthrow Bonapartist rulers; they were liberal patriots.
-Movement for political and social reform that called for universal manhood suffrage, secret ballot, annual parliaments, no property requirement for MPs, payment of MPs
Karl Marx
German philosopher, economist, and revolutionary. With the help and support of Friedrich Engels he wrote The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (1867-1894). These works explain historical development in terms of the interaction of contradictory economic forces, form the basis of all communist theory, and have had a profound influence on the social sciences.
Karlsbad Decrees put limits on Nationalist organizations and universities. limitted freedom of speech.
class consciousness
being aware that conflicting classes exist
Jeremy Bentham
-Major guy of utilitarianism (greatest good for the greatest number of people)
puddling furnace
This invention allowed impurities to be removed from iron ore and production to speed up 15x.
Concert meeting in Verona (Italy) to put down revolutions in SPain and Greece. approved Charles X to invade spain.
free market
-no barriers to trade, no govt involvement
individuals can invest money in businesses or start own, owners and investors take risks but make and keep profits
Gare Saint Lazare
Painting by Monet which demonstrates the wonder and awe of the new industrial civilization
Corn Laws
1815 tariff on imported grain to protect domestic producers. Never worked well
Reform Bill, 1832
act of Parliament that transferred voting privileges from small rotten boroughs controlled by nobility and gentry to large industrial towns controlled by middle class
flying shuttle
new invention for weaving that enabled the weaver to throw the shuttle back and forth between the threads with one hand and replaced the loom
James Watt
A Scottish engineer who created the steam engine that worked faster and more efficiently than earlier engines, this man continued improving the engine, inventing a new type of governor to control steam pressure and attaching a flywheel.
Saddler Comission
a document that revealed the bad situations of children, especially abuse.
Mines act of 1842
prohibited underground work for all women as well as boys under 10
William Bell Scott
Painted "Iron and Coal," which shows the production side of the Industrial Revolution in a much more glamorous way than was true
cotton gin
a machine for cleaning the seeds from cotton fibers, invented by Eli Whitney in 1793
Edwin Chadwick
This was a public health official who advocated a system of modern sanitary reforms (sewage and piped water) to keep street cleaner and hopefully prevent epidemics like cholera
Don Giovani
Magic Flute
Motzart's operas - very centered around sex
Bank of England
created in 1694 to ensure a stable money supply and to lay the foundation for a network of lending institutions
Domestic System / Putting-Out System / Cottage Industry
-No guild standards to meet
-Good created at home
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