ap gov presidency Flashcards

President of the United States
Terms Definitions
Commutation
President removes/reduces the punishment sentenced by a court. also called clemency
Veto
The president's constitutional power to turn down acts of Congress. A presidential veto may be over-ridden with a two-thirds vote of each house of Congress
Congressionalist
legislative intent should reign over presidential power
OMB
works closely with President on plannning budget proposal, audits and evaluates depts, agencis, etc. some input from the Secretary of Treasury.
Implied Powers
Powers not specified in he Constitution which the pres. claims
executive agreements
Agreements with other countries that do not need senate approval
circular structure
several of the president's assistants report directly to him
signing statement
a presidential document that reveals what the president thinks of a new law ad how it ought to be enforced
Expressed powers
The notion that the constitution grants to the Federal Government only those powers specifically named in its text
Executive privilege
the presidential assertion of the right to withhold certain information from Congress
Twenty-second Amendment
Passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to two terms of office.
presidential signing statements
When the President signs legislation into law, he can make a statement about it (I hate this, FYI).
gridlock
the inability of a government to act because rival parties control different parts of the government.
White House Office
Presidential staff who oversee the policy interests of the president
unified government
the same partycontrols the white house and both houses of congress
Other offices
They report directly to the president and perform staff services but are not in the white house. Unlike white house
staff decisions, the senate must approve all appointments.
* Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
* Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
* Council of Economic Advisers (CEA)
* Office of Personnel Management (OPM)
Constitutional requirements
Natural Born Citizen, 35 years old, live in the US for 14 years
veto message
a message from the president to Congress stating that he will not sign a bill it has passed. Must be produced within ten days of the bill's passage
executive order
a rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law; can implment and give administrative effect to provisions in the U.S. Constitution, treaties, or statutes
legislative veto
the authority of congress to block a presidential action after it has taken place. the supreme court has hed that congress does not have this power.
ad hoc structure
A method in which the president organizes his personal staff that employs task forces, committees, and informal groups of friends dealing directly with him.
divided government
one party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of Congress
lame duck
a person still in office after he or she has lost a bid for reelection.
Office of Management and Budget
the executive agency that advises the President on the federal budget
State of the Union address/message
an annual message to Congress in which the president proposes a legislative program; the message is addressed not only to Congress but also to the American people and to the world
cabinet
A president's council of advisers
Impoundment
Efforts by presidents to thwart congressional programs that they cannot otherwise defeat by refusing to spend the funds that Congress appropriate for them. Congress placed limits on this in the Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974
National Security Council
coordinates the president's foreign and military policy advisers. Its members are the president, vice president, secretary of state, and secretary of defense, and it is managed by the president's national security assistant.
independent agencies
Agencies headed by appointees who serve for fixed terms and can be removed only "for cause"
Twenty-fifth Amendment
A constitutional amendment ratified in 1967 which deals with presidential disability. It provides that the vice president is to serve as acting president whenever the president declares he is unable to discharge the duties of office or whenever the vice president and a majority of the cabinet declare the president incapacitated. If the president disagrees, a two-thirds vote of Congress is needed to confirm that the president is unable to execute his duties. The amendment also deals with a vacancy in the vice presidency by allowing the president to nominate a new vice president subject to confirmation by a majority vote of both houses.
22 Amendment
limits president's term of office to 2-4yr terms max 10
representative democracy
A political system in which leaders and representatives acquire political power by means of a competitive struggle for the people's vote
government corporation
A government agency that operates like a business corporation, created to secure greater freedom of action and flexibility for a particular program.
President's popularity
It is highest right after the President is elected, during the honeymoon phase, and then declines. It is almost always lower in a president's second term than his first.
direct democracy
A political system in which all or most citizens participate directly by either holding office or making policy
bully pulpit
the president's ue of his prestige and visibility to guide or enthuse the American public.
parliamentary system
A system of government in which the legislature selects the prime minister or president.
the presidential character
a book written by James Barber which assess presidents on 2 character based criteria: active v passive inclinations and positiv ev negative points of view
Executive Office of the President
agencies that perform staff services for the president but are not part of the White House
Line item veto
The power to veto certain items from a bill without vetoing the entire thing. (ruled unconstitutional)
/ 40
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online