AP Gov- Court Cases Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Engel v. Vitale
prevented government-directed prayer in the classroom
Buckley vs. Valeo
Limits on campaign contributions
Gitlow Vs New York
Reversed Barron vs. Baltimore-incorporate one of the bill of rights into the states-sets a precedent for other rights to be incorporated as well
Benton vs. Maryland
decision concerning double jeopardy. Benton ruled that the Double Jeopardy Clause of the Fifth Amendment does apply to the states.
Grutter vs Bollinger
upheld the affirmative action admissions policy of the University of Michigan Law School.
U.S. vs. Nixon
ruling involving President Richard Nixon and was important to the late stages of the Watergate scandal. It is considered a crucial precedent limiting the power of any U.S. president.
Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier
principal can exercise prior restraint over school newspaper
Lee v. Weisman
no prayers allowed during graduation ceremony
Gratz vs Bollinger
ruled the university's point system (which automatically awarded points to underrepresented ethnic groups) was too mechanistic in its use of race as a factor in admissions, and was therefore unconstitutional.
Gonzales vs Carhart
upheld the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act
Baker vs. Carr
retreated from the Court's political question doctrine, deciding that reapportionment (attempts to change the way voting districts are delineated) issues present justiciable questions, thus enabling federal courts to intervene in and to decide reapportionment cases.
Engel vs. Vitale
determined that it is unconstitutional for state officials to compose an official school prayer and require its recitation in public schools.
Epperson v. Arkansas
states are not allowed to prevent teaching of evolution in class
Ali v. United States
conscientious objection against war is legally allowed
People v. Flint
able to sell indecent materials like magazines with insulting political cartoons
Bethel School District v. Fraser
students cannot use obscene language
Plessy Vs. Ferguson
decision in the jurisprudence of the United States, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in private businesses (particularly railroads), under the doctrine of "separate but equal".
Gideon vs Wainwright
Guarantees the accused the right to counsel even if unable to afford oen
Escobedo vs Illinois
holding that criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under the Sixth Amendment
Tinker vs. Des Moines
defined the constitutional rights of students in U.S. public schools.
Zorach v. Clauson
relgious groups must be off of school property to have prayer
Lloyd Corporation LTD. v. Tanner
no demonstration allowed on private property w/o permission
Feiner v. New York
can't use freedom of speech with intent of a riot (disorderly conduct)
United States v. O'Brien
burning a draft card still violates the law, official government document
Roe vs. Wade
The Court decided that a right to privacy under the due process clause in the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution extends to a woman's decision to have an abortion, but that right must be balanced against the state's two legitimate interests for regulating abortions: protecting prenatal life and protecting the mother's health.
Forsyth county v. National Movement
Must provide equal access to permits to all groups
Webster vs. Reproductive Health Services
upholding a Missouri law that imposed restrictions on the use of state funds, facilities and employees in performing, assisting with, or counseling on abortions.
Reynolds v. United States
polygamy is not allowed as no one law can be a law unto themselves
Clinton vs. City of New York
ruled that the line-item veto as granted in the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 violated the Presentment Clause of the United States Constitution because it impermissibly gave the President of the United States the power to unilaterally amend or repeal parts of statutes that had been duly passed by the United States Congress.
Mutual Film Corporation v. Industrial Commission of Ohio
local and state govt. can censor film, later reversed
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