AP Government : The Executive Branch Flashcards

President of the United States
Terms Definitions
Diplomatic Powers
- appointing ambassadors
-making treaties and executive agreements
- recognizing other governments
1977 promotes development and conservation of fossil fuels, nuclear energy, research programs
1889 provides agricultural assistance to farmers and ranchers, inspects food, manages national forests
Military Powers
-Acting as commander in chief
-providing for domestic order
Chief Diplomat
ceremonial powers to receive ambassadors, negotiate, and take part on foreign affairs
1967 promotes mass transit programs and programs for highways, railroads, and air traffic, enforces maritime law
1913 enforces federal labor laws (child labor, minimum wage, safe working conditions), administers unemployment and job training programs
emergency powers
definition: an inherent power exercised by the president during a period of national crisis, particularly foreign affairs.
-supreme court said an emergency does not create power
-under FDR, president must exercise inherent powers in foreign affairs
-Lincoln suspended civil liberties; FDR mobilized the budget and economy for war; Truman seized steel plants during the mill strike.
Department of Agriculture
assists farmers, ranchers, encourage plant activity and agriculture in general
Public Bureaucracy
-should perform its duties as efficiently as possible to conserve tax payer money
-implements and enforces policies made by elected officials (i.e the president and congress)
- care/promote public interest which is determined by elected officials
- public is measured in value, quantify corruption and waste
- give greater access to the procedures and content of their decision
Executive Influences
appointing the right people, issuing executive orders, affecting the agency's budget, reorganization of the agency
Council on Environmental Quality
coordinates federal environmental efforts and analyzes environmental policies and initiatives
Reform Movement
competitive exams were tried but failed due to inadequate funding from Congress
1870 provides legal advice to the president, enforces federal laws, represents the United States in court, operates federal prisons
the most important single position in the government of the United States, has many responsibilities and functions originating in Article II of the Constitution, men have striven to make it more than a ceremonial position
Presidential Disability
when the president cannot discharge duties of his or her office it can be determined in two different ways:
1. The president informs congress in writing that he is unable to discharge power of his office
2. the vice president and majority of the cabinet inform congress, in writing, that the president is incapacitated
- if the Vice President disagrees with the president's decision, he can challenge Congress, and Congress has 21 days to decide
president can resume ability from either way when informing congress that there is no disability
Department of Energy
conservation of energy resources, analyzing data, research and development
Chief of State
Official representative of the country, the person whose office symbolizes the collective unity and identity of the nation
Department of Labor
Administers labor laws, interest of workers
Department of Justice
furnishes legal advice to the president - enforces criminal laws and corrections system
Department of Defense
manages army, navy, and marines, responsible for civil defense and military bases
Department of Homeland Security
primary responsibilities of protecting the territory of the U.S. from terrorist attacks and responding to natural disasters.
Job Specialization
each worker has defined duties and responsibilities, a division of labor among workers
Presidential Powers
Article II outlines the powers, checks and balances limit them, power comes from the men who have held the office, Schlesinger argued the "imperial presidency" with Nixon and his administration, Neustadt argued the president's powers lie in the ability to persuade others through negotiation, influence, and compromise, Bush and Cheney argued for larger powers
Government Corporations
created by Congress to carry out business-like activities; generally charge for services (Tennessee Valley Authority, National Railroad Passenger Corporation (AMTRAK), United States Postal Service)
Party Powers
the recognized leader of the party, chooses vice-presidential nominee, strengthens the party by helping members get elected, appoints party members to government positions, influences policies and platform of the party
National Security Council
established by the National Security Act of 1947, advises the president on matters of domestic and foreign national security
Administrative Procedure 46'
provides for the public participation in the rule making process. All federal agencies must disclose their rule making procedures and publish all regulations 30 days in advance so the public can view it and make comments.
impoundment of funds
explanation: by law, the president proposes a budget and congress approves it but there was no law that requires the president to spend all of the funds appropriated by congress. Now the budget and the impoundement control act of 1974 exists requiring the president to have to spend all appropriated funds
executive privilege
the right of executive officials to refuse to appear before, or to withhold information from, a legislative committee or the courts
Independent Executive Agencies
-smaller than a department
- not part of the cabinet but can be invited
-appointed by the president
- approved by the senate
- answer to the president
- can be removed by the president
Council of Economic Advisors
informs the president about economic developments and problems
Federal Register Acts 34'
requires that all government rules, laws, and regulations, be published in the federal register and their final version appear in the code of federal regulation, which is now all available online.
Kitchen Cabinet
People who the president trusts in the white house who are not officially a member of the cabinet, but president can trust and will go to for advice
Party Chief
represent the view of his party as a whole, help get members of his party elected
Office of US Trade Representative
advises the president about foreign trade and helps negotiate foreign trade agreements
The National Security Council
advises the president on domestic and foreign matter involving national security. It serves as a link between the president's key foreign and military advisors and the president.
Department of Health and Human Services
promotes public health, food and drugs, all health related research
Executive Office of the President
includes the closest advisors to the president, established in 1939, every president has reorganized the EOP according to his style of leadership
The Office of Management and Budget
Used to coincide with the Department of Treasury, its main functions are to assist the president in preparing the annual budget, to clear and coordinate all the department agency budgets, to help st fiscal policy, and to supervise the administration of the federal government.
Office of National Drug Control Policy
advisory and planning agency to combat the nation's drug problems
The Council of Economic Advisiors
created by the employment act of 1946' advise president on economic matters and prepare the annual economic report to congress
Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives
created by George W. Bush to encourage and expand private efforts to deal with social problems
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