AP Government Executive Branch Terms Flashcards

President of the United States
Terms Definitions
The First Lady
Congressional Influences
influencing appointments, affecting the agency's budget, holding hearings, rewriting legislation or making legislation more detailed
Diplomatic Powers
- appointing ambassadors
-making treaties and executive agreements
- recognizing other governments
emergency powers
definition: an inherent power exercised by the president during a period of national crisis, particularly foreign affairs.
-supreme court said an emergency does not create power
-under FDR, president must exercise inherent powers in foreign affairs
-Lincoln suspended civil liberties; FDR mobilized the budget and economy for war; Truman seized steel plants during the mill strike.
Formal Rules
established regulations and procedures that must be followed
Issue Networks
individuals in Washington, located within interest groups, Congressional staff, think tanks, universities, and the media, regularly discuss and advocate public policies, continually form and disband according to the policy issues
1849 manages federal lands, refuges, and parks, operates hydroelectric facilities, manages Native American affairs
Judicial Checks
judicial review of executive actions
Presidential Benefits
-$400,000 salary
- congress provided a $50,000 allowance - must pay taxes on it
- The White House - 132 rooms
-Suite of large offices and large staff
-Air force one - enormous fleet of cars, aviation, transportation
- Camp David - secret hideaway vacation
- Finest medical care/health care/
- generous travel funds
Chief Diplomat
ceremonial powers to receive ambassadors, negotiate, and take part on foreign affairs
The Vice President
-Presides over the senate
-Gains presidency if the initial president resigns, dies, or is removed from office
-Casts the breaking tie vote
Private Bureaucracy
-Cares about profit
- easier to measure
- can be more secretive
Department of Interior
supervises nationally owned parks, land, hydroelectric power sources, and native American affairs
Homeland Security
2002 prevents terrorist attacks within the US, reduces America's susceptibility to terrorism, minimizes damage and helps recovery from attacks that do occur, includes Coast Guard, Secret Service, Border Patrol, Immigration and Visa Services, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
hard worker but doesn't enjoy the work, insecure in the position, may be obsessive or antagonistic (Wilson, Hoover, LBJ, Nixon)
Judicial Powers
appoints members of the federal judiciary, grants reprieves, pardons, and amnesty
systematic way of organizing a complex and large administrative structure, responsible for carrying out the day to day tasks of the organization, single largest employer in the United States, 2.8 million employees, generally follow three basic principles
Cabinet Departments
15 executive departments created to advise the president and operate a specific policy area of governmental activity (Department of State, Department of Labor, Department of the interior), each department is headed by a secretary, except the Department of Justice, which is headed by the attorney general
Chief Legislator
can recommend legislation to congress and exercise veto power
Public Bureaucracy
-should perform its duties as efficiently as possible to conserve tax payer money
-implements and enforces policies made by elected officials (i.e the president and congress)
- care/promote public interest which is determined by elected officials
- public is measured in value, quantify corruption and waste
- give greater access to the procedures and content of their decision
Department of Commerce
Grants patents, trademarks, national census, weather, monitors, business
Department of Agriculture
assists farmers, ranchers, encourage plant activity and agriculture in general
Legislative Powers
- giving state of the union address
-Issue annual budget and economic reports
-Signing and vetoing bills
- proposing legislation
-call special session of congress
Executive Powers
- enforce laws, treaties, and court decisions
- issue executive orders
-appointing and removing officials
-presiding over the cabinet
Chief Executive
Head of the executive branch of government
Administrative Procedure 46'
provides for the public participation in the rule making process. All federal agencies must disclose their rule making procedures and publish all regulations 30 days in advance so the public can view it and make comments.
25th Amendment
stated that the vice president becomes president if the office of president becomes vacant, also provides for presidential disability, if the president is unable to perform the duties, vice president becomes "acting president", president informs Congress of the inability to perform the duties of president, vice president and majority of the cabinet inform Congress that the president is disabled and unable to perform his duties, president may resume the duties upon informing Congress that no disability exists
Hatch Act of 1939
prohibits government employees from engaging in political activities while on duty; running for office or seeking political funding while off duty, or if in sensitive positions, may not be involved with political activities on or off duty
White House Office
personal and political staff members who help with the day-to-day management of the executive branch; includes the chief of staff, counsel to the president, press secretary
takes pleasure in the work of the office, easily adjusts to new situations and is confident in himself (FDR, Truman, Kennedy, Ford, Carter, Bush)
The Cabinet
-An advisory group selected by the president to aid in making decisions; depending on the president, the cabinet maybe highly influential or relatively insignificant
- made up of 15 official cabinet members, who are the heads of the department
Department of Education
federal policies and programs for education, administers research to education
Chief Citizen
represent the people and work for the people's interest
Kitchen Cabinet
People who the president trusts in the white house who are not officially a member of the cabinet, but president can trust and will go to for advice
Office of Policy Development
gives the president domestic policy advice
22 amendment
no person should be elected to the office of president no more than twice, and no person who has held the office for more than 2 years may run for the presidency again no more than one time.
Rooselvelt was president during this time.
as authorized by articles 1 and 2 of the constitution, an action by the House of Representatives and the Senate to remove the president, vice president, or civil officers of the united states from crimes of "treason, bribery"
-The house can impeach (accuse president) and then draws up articles of impeachment which gets sent ot the senate
-In the senate the trial takes place, if proven guilty, removed from office, - no president has ever been impeached.
The National Security Council
advises the president on domestic and foreign matter involving national security. It serves as a link between the president's key foreign and military advisors and the president.
Commander in Chief
First general and first admiral to the military, but does not have sole power to make war.
Office of the Vice President
consists of the vice president's staff
The Sunshine Act 77'
meant to encourage open meeting to increase the public understanding of the government decision making process, and listed ten exemptions in which the meeting may be closed.
Department of Veteran Affairs
promotes welfare for veterans of the U.S armed forces
Independent Regulatory Boards
- make their work as far removed from politics as possible-
the head is composed of five to ten members
-the party is a mix between democrats and republicans
- appointed by the president
- cannot be removed by the president
Civil Service Reform Act of 1978
created the Office of Personnel Management (replaced the Civil Service Commission) to recruit, train, and establish classifications and salaries for federal employees
Road to the White House
two basic methods: succeed to the office or win election to office, most presidents have been elected, nominees have gained experience through elected or appointed offices, state governors, vice president, cabinet member, military leaders
The Council of Economic Advisiors
created by the employment act of 1946' advise president on economic matters and prepare the annual economic report to congress
The Office of Management and Budget
Used to coincide with the Department of Treasury, its main functions are to assist the president in preparing the annual budget, to clear and coordinate all the department agency budgets, to help st fiscal policy, and to supervise the administration of the federal government.
Why Someone Wouldn't Want to Become President
-Some are content running for lower positions like vice president, or remaining a governor, senator, or representative in the House
-physically and mentally wearing, always traveling being so exposed to the public, the criticism can be emotionally damaging.
-running and then losing is way too expensive for certain people to risk
Why Someone would Want to Be President
- fame and power to further their career and carryout specific political programs
-self interest and personal goals
prestige, income
-publicity to "go down in history"
-make change that is "bigger than yourself"
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