AP Human Geography 10 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
World Health Organization
the act of immigrating.
Movement out of an area
folk culture
small population, homogenous, rural locations
commercial agriculture
Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm.
Term used to designate large coalescing supercities that are forming in diverse parts of the world.
Contagious Diffusion
Rapid, widespread diffusion of something. like a sickness
Domino theory
States political destabilization in one country can lead to political stability in neighboring countries, starting a chain reaction of colloapse.
An international syndicate formed to promote common interests in some economic sphere through the formulation of joint pricing policies and the limitation of market potions for consumers. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is a classic example.
Redrawing boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
Forced Migration
permanent movement compelled by political factors
The sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society.
natural increase
population growth measured as excess of live births over live deaths
the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people
Lingua Franca
A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.
the idea that ethical and moral standards should be formulated and adhered to for life on earth
Rapid change in the racial composition of residential blocks in American cities that occurs when real estate agents and others stir up fears of neighborhood decline after encouraging people of color to move to previously white neighborhoods. In the resul
A relatively small ratio between map units and ground units. They have a higher resolution and cover much smaller regions than small-scale maps.
Life expectantcy
The average age individuals are expected to live, which varies across space, between genders, and races
Pertaining to space on the Earth;s surface; geographic
Cyclic Movement
Movement - For example, nomadic migration - that has a closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally
Relative location
Position on Earth’s surface relative to other features. (Ex- My house is west of 394).
Cottage industry
manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution
universalizing religion
religion that seeks to unite people from all over the globe, actively seeks converts
A set of processes that are increasing interactions, interpendence without regard to country borders.
Cultural Landscape
The visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape.
Environmental perception
The concept that people of different cultures will differently observe and interpret their environment and make different decisions about its nature, potentialities and use.
a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing good
Industrial Revolution
having the the last say, or control, over a territory -- politically and militarily.
European colonial powers set up huge plantations for the cultivation of these; tea, cacao, coffee and tobacco
Luxury crops
Metropolitian area
Within the US an urban area consisting of one or more county units, usually containing several urban areas or suburbs, that together act as an economic whole.
Age-sex distribution
A model used in population geography that describes the ages and number of males and females within a given population (population pyramid)
grain or fruit gathered from a field as a harvest during a particular season
Absorbing barrier
A physical or mental block that prevents the adoption and diffusion of innovations or cultural elements
Air pollution
Concentration of trace substances at a greater level than occurs in average air.
Brain Drain
When Talented people emigrate out of their country to a place where they have a better job offering
the natural landscape as modified by humans activities
cultural landscape
Perceptual Region
A region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a physically demarcated entity.
urban morphology
the study of the physical form and structure of urban places
breeder reactor
a nuclear power plant that creates its own fuel from plutonium
Human Development Index
Measure used by the United Nations that calculates developement in terms of human welfare not money aor productivity. The HDI evaluates human welfare based on three parameters: life expectancy, education, and income.
Fertile Crescent
Name given to the crescent shaped area of the fertile land stratching from the lower Nile valley, along the east Mediterranean coast, and into Syria and present-day Iraq where the agriculture and early civilization first began about 8000 B.C.
Multi-ethnic state
A state that contains more than one ethnicity.
human geography
one of the two major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of human populations, its cultures, activities, and landscapes
crude birth rate (CBR)
number of live births yearly per thousand people
3 Sources of map distortion
Map scale, Map projection, Map type
clustered rural settlement
a rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement
geographic information systems (GIS)
a collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user.
new international division of labor
selective transfer of some types of jobs, especially those requiring low-paid less skilled workers from MDCs to LDCs
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