AP Human Geography Key Terms - and Flashcards

Terms Definitions
economic indicators
measure economic performance
A worldwide outbreak of disease.
Geographical ceners of activity. Larger cities have numerous nodes.
push factors
negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their adobe and migrate to a new location
feeling of collective identity based on a population's politico-territorial identification within a state or across state boundaries
Cultural Ecology
geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships
a doctrine within islam commonly translated as holy war, but represents either a personal or collective struggle on the part of muslims to live up to the religious standards set by the qu'ran
National or global regions where economic power, terms of wealth, innovation, and advanced technology, is concentrated.
Redistricting and dividing areas to gain an advantage for one political party or another; clustering groups of voters in one district while distributing another to take the majority vote
relationships among people and objects without being connected
the science, art, or occupation concerned with cultivating land, raising crops, and feeding, breeding, and raising livestock; farming.
bakward reconstruction
Linguistics use this technique to track sound shifts and hardening of consonants "backward" toward the original language
World City
Centers of economic, culture, and political activity that are strongly interconnected and together control the global systems of finance and commerce.
Territorial morphology
a state's geographical shape, which can affect its spatial cohension and political viability
Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
popular culture
metals utilized to make products other than iron and steel. Ex: aluminum
Immune system disease caused by HIV which weakens immune system
Environmental geography
The intersection between human and physical geography, which explores the spatial impacts humans have on the physical environment and vice versa
Environmental geography
The intersection between human and physical geography, which explores the spatial impacts humans have on the physical environment and vice versa
The relative easr with which a destination may be reached from some other place
to free a colony to become self-governing or independent
Name the 4 types of Neo-eclectic houses
Situation factors
Location factors related to the transportation of materials into and from a factory
people forced to migrate form their home country and cannot return
defined by Gillian Rose as "how we make sense of ourselves;" how people see themselves at different scales
Time-distance Decay
The declining degree of acceptance of an idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of origin or source.
Base Line
An east-west line designated under the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States.
Relict boundary
A political boundary that has ceased to function but the imprint of which can still be detected on the cultural landscape.
Elongated state
a state with a long, narrow shape
Agricultural Density
# of Farmers/ amount of arable land
The study of how cities function, their internal systems and structures, and the external influences on them
Urban Geography
The portion of the earth inhabited by humans
Centripetal forces
Tend to unite or bind a contry.
the study of signs and symbols as elements of communicative behavior; the analysis of systems of communication, as language, gestures, or clothing
Biochemical Oxygen Demand(BOD)
A chemical procedure for determining how fast biological organisms use up oxygen in a body of water.
an area with a unique combination of trends or features
The art and science of making maps, including data compilation, layout, and design. Also concerned with interpretation of mapped patterns.
a variety of a language that is distinguished from other varieties of the same language by features of phonology, grammar, and vocabulary, and by its use by a group of speakers who are set off from others geographically or socially.
intensive subsistence agriculture
A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land.
Culture Trait
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
Carrying capacity
The largest number of people of a certain area that the environment can support
Reference map
A map type that shows information for a particular place, making it useful for finding landmarks and for navigating
what is migratory movement?
human relocation movement from a source to a destination without a return journey
uniform region
regions that share a distinct set of characteristics that can be physical cultural social economic or historic
Bulk-reducing Industry
an industry in which the final product weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs
Infant Mortality Rate
A figure that describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives in a given population
Greenwich Mean Time
the local time at the 0 meridian passing through Greenwich, England; it is the same everywhere.
International Date Line
An arc that for the most part follows 180° longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. When you cross the International Date Line heading east (towards America) the clock moves back 24 hours, or one entire day. When you go west (towards Asia), the calendar moves ahead one day).
Significance of the Greek city of Miletus?
(Modern day turkey)
-Developed as a center for geographical thought & map- making
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