AP Human Geography Quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
the indifference to religion.
The material manifestations of culture, including tools, housing, systems of land use, clothing, etc.
A two-dimensional, or falt representation of the Earth's surface, or a portion of it. It can be used to show physical traits of the lanscape, or to display thematics data.
Spatial Distribution
physical location of geographic phenomena across space.
The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area.
the scientific method of transferring locations on Earth's surface to a flat map
What interests are the European Union's national boundaries overshadowed by?
The process of economic growth expansion, or realization of regional resourse potential.
cottage industry
home based manufacturing system
-ex: textile manufacturing
Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily because of human actions like excessive crop planting, animal grazing, and tree cutting.
popular culture
widespread, common, varies from time to time in a given place
intervening obstacle
an environmental or cultural feature that hinders migration
With respect to popular culture, when people within a place start to produce an aspect of popular culture themselves, doing so in the context of their local culture and making it their own.
Material culture
The tangible, physical items produced and used by members of a specific culture group and reflective of their traditions, lifestyles and technologies.
The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator
Heartland theory
a geographical hypothesis proposed by British geographer Halford Mackinder during the first 2 decades of the 20th century, that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain significant strength to eventually dominate the world. Mackinder further proposed that since Eastern Europe controlled access to the Eurasian interior, its ruler would command the vast heartland to the east.
The basic process of language formation and differentiation over time and space.
Language Divergence
Robinson projection
Projection that attempts to balance several possible projection errors
Relocation diffusion
The diffusion of ideas, innovations, behaviors, and the like from one place to another through migration.
Gouping together of many firms from the same industry in a single area for collective or cooperative use infastructure and sharing of labor resourses.
Peripheral Regions
The least powerful regions and therefore are often marginalized or under the control of both semi-peripheral regions and core regions.
Animate Power
Power supplied by people or animals.
International Migration
permanent movement from country to another.
(in the study of the geographical distribution of dialects) a line on a map marking the limits of an area within which a feature of speech occurs, as the use of a particular word or pronunciation.
An outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide.
formal region
an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics
Language group
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
Migratory Movement
movement that consists of one person migrating from one place to another
remote sensing
the acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting Earth or other long-distance methods
one of the three major branches of christianity, arose out of the division of roman empire
Ethnic religion
Religion that is identified with a particular thnic or tribal group that doesn't seek new converts
The science of making maps. In the past most were made largely by hand but, with computers and software, they are now mostly created electronically.
Pull factors
Attractions that draw migrants to a certain place, such as climate, employment, or educational oppertunities
buffer state
a small state exsisting between 2 larger rival nations. Sometimes these are created by international powers to make it more difficult to start a war.
6 North American Industrialized areas
-New England
-Middle Atlantic
-Mohawk Valley
-Pitsburgh-Lake Erie
-Western Great Lakes
-St. Lawrence Valley-Ontario Penninsula
intervening opportunities
existence of a closer less expensive way for obtaining a good
Shifting Cultivation
a form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to the other
trickle down effects
incresed wealth for upper class means benifit for the lower class
Universalizing Religion
A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.
the total number of people divided by the total land area
arithmetic density
Population Composition
Structure of a population in terms of age, sex and other properties such as marital status and education
Elongated state
A state whose territory is a long elongated shape.
Can refer to a mixture of languages, a person who speaks, writes, or reads a number of languages, or a book (such as the Bible) that contains the same text in several languages.
Push factors
factors that induce people to leave a location
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
a zone of exploitation extending 200 nautical miles seaward from a coastal state that has exclusive mineral and fishing rights over it
Fragmented state
A state that is not a whoe but separate parts
the # of inhabitants per unit of agricultural land.
agricultural density
Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
The average number of children a women will have in her child birthing years
North American Free Trade Agreement
Signed in 1994, allows the opening of borders between the US, Canada, and Mexico
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