AP Human Geography Vocab 12 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Monotheistic
Believing in one God
epidemic
regional outbreak of a disease
Consolidation
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen
Quinary-sector
Service sector industries that require a high level of specialized knowledge or technical skill. Examples include scientific research and high-level management.
neo-colonialism
The entrenchment of the colonial order, such as trade and investment, under a new guise.
chronic (degenerative) diseases
generally long-lasting afflications now more common because of higher life expectations
Globalization
The expansion of economics, political and cultural processes to the point that they beome global in scale and impact.
Pollution
undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated with harmful substances as a consequence of human activities
Megalopolis
A unified urban region comprising several large cities and their surrounding areas
Enclave
territory enclosed within an alien land
site
An absolute location comcept, refers to the physical and cultural characteristics and attributes of the place itself.
Concentric Zone
urban area grows from downtown outward, diagram looks like a target with a bull's eye
Gateway City
Cities that, because of their geographic location, act as ports of entry and distribution centers for large geographic areas.
informal economy
economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government; and is not included in that government's Gross National Product
cartography
the art and science of making maps
refugees
people who have fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country
movement
the mobility of people, goods, and ideas across the world
Ferrous
Metals, including iron ore, that are utilized in the production of iron and steel.
Animate Power
Power supplied by people or animals.
sequent occupance
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
nation state
theoretically, a recognized member of the modern state system possessing formal sovereignty and occupied by a people who see themselves as a single, united nation
Industrialization
the development of industries for the machine production of goods
Plantation Farming
form of commercial agriculture found in tropics
cartograms
_______ chart and assign data by size
Balkanization
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
Microcredit Program
Program that provides small loans to poor people, especially women, to encourage development of small businesses
commodity chain
series of links connecting the many places of production and distribution and resulting in a commodity that is on world market
migration
a change in residence intended to be permanent
contagious diffusion
the distance controls spreading of an illness through a local population
immigration laws
laws and regulations of a state designed specifically to control immigration into the state
geographic concept
ways of seeing the world spatically that are used by geographers in answering research questions
Environmental determinism
the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life, including cultural development. Also referred to as environmentalism
geocaching
a hunt for a cache, the GPS coordinates which are placed on the Internet by other gocachers
Relative location
the regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places. Distance, accessibility, and connectivity affect relative location
Balkanized
A small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, long-standing antagonisms towards each other.
Urbanization
movement of people from rural areas to cities
GPS, GIS
What are the abbreviations of Global Positioning System?Graphic Information System?
Vectored Diseases
A disease carries from one host to another by an intermediate host
export processing zones
zones established by many countries in the periphery and semi-periphery where they offer favorable tax, regulatory, and trade arrangements to attract foreign trade and investment
global positioning system (gps)
satelite-based system that tells you where you are
Ozone
a form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule instead of two. protects us from dangerous ultraviolet radiation from the sun
Physical Geography
one of the two major divisions of systematic geography; the spatial analysis of the structure, processes, and location of the Earth's natural phenomena such as climate, soil, plants, animal, and topography
sense of place
state of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling a place with certain character
Multinational State
State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
Cetripetal Force
An altitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
Bible Belt
The term ______ is often used to describe the Southern Baptist dominance of the population.
Structuralist Theory
A general term for a model of economic development that treats economic disparities among countries or regions as the result of historically derived power relations within the global economic system
island of development
place built up by a government or corporation to attract foreign investments and which has high paying jobs
expansion diffusion
the spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area in such a way that the number of those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in an expanding area of dissemination
Clustered Rural Settlement
A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
Five toos
too hot, too cold, too wet, too dry, and too hilly
infant mortality rate (IMR)
a figure that describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives in the population
Todler's first law of geography
in a spatial sense everybody is related to everything but that relation are stronger when are near one another
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