AP Human Geography Vocab 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
eg: BoWash
Commercial agriculture characterized by the integration of different steps in the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large corporations.
processes that incorporate lower levels of education, lower salaries, less technology; and generate less wealth than core processes in the world economy.
syn for functional region
nodal region
lingua franca
language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
Population Distributions
the distributions of different specifications of populations
territorial representation
system wherein representative is elected from a territorially defined district.
Use of sophisticated software to create dyamic computer maps, some of which are three-dimensional or interactive
Expansion of economic, political, or cultural activites to the point that they become a global impact
Photochemical Smog
Causes respiratory problems and stinging of the eyes.
a flooded field for growing rice
distance decay
the effects of distance on interactions, generally greater the distance the less interaction
Grass or other plants grown for feeding grazing animals, as well as land used for grazing.
Uneven Development
the increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of the globalization of the economy.
Superimposed boundary
A political boundary placed by powerful outsiders on a developed human landscape. Usually ignores pre-existing cultural-spatial patterns, such as the border that now divides North and South Korea.
the process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government
affiliation or identity within a group of people bound by common ancestry and culture
The actual physical qualities of the place a city occupies.
A cohesive and unique society, most prevalent in India, that integrates spiritual beliefs with daily practices and official institutions such as the caste system
Theory and practice of making visual representations of the earth's surface in the form of maps
natural political boundary
political boundaries that coincide with prominent physical features in the natural landscape such as rivers or the crest rides of mountain ranges
Chain Migration
Pattern of migration that develops when migrants move along and through kingship links (ie.one might settle in a place and then writes, calls, or communicates through others to describe this place to family and friends who in turn then migrate there.
a system used to transfer locations from earths surface to a flat map
Pastoral Nomadism
a form of subsistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals
caste system
System in India that gives every Indian a particular place in the social hierarchy from birth. Individuals may improve the position they inherit in the caste system in their next life through their actions, or karma. After many lives of good karma, they may be relieved from cycle of life and win their place in heaven.
maximum limits on the number of people who could immigrate to the United States from each country during a one-year period
Central Place Theory
A theory proposed by Walter Christaller that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group of people performing the act.
what is the system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface of flat map
Map type
You can display the smae information on diferent types of maps.
Countries in which only one language is spoken
Monolingual States
Centripetal forces
Tend to unite or bind a contry.
Relative distance
A measure of distance that includes the costs of overcoming the friction of absolute distance separating two places.
When a landlord takes a large, usually 19th century house, and subdivides it into many sections and rents out those sections to low income families.
When more waste is added than a resource can accommodate.
Business Services
Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services
Flood plain
area subject to flooding during a given number of years
Independent Invention
The term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other.
the center of mass of an object of uniform density
total fertility rate
the expected number of children born per woman in her child-bearing years
A sence of national pride to such an extent of exalting one nation above all others
Tertiary economic activities
Provide a market exchange for goods and that bring together consumers and providers of service such as retail, transportation, government, personal, and professional services.
the average # of children born to a women during her life time as expressed for a total pop
Interregional Migration
movement from one region of a country to another.
expansion diffusion
the spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process
British Recieved Pronunciation (BRP)
The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in the London area and now considered standard in the UK.
agricultural density
The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
Describe what a Backwash Effect is.
When one region's economic gain translates into another region's economic loss.
Name the 5 big stories they covered in one day
Brazil: traffic jam in Rio de Janiero
India: the birhtday of Indira Gandhi
Japan: sumo wrestling results
Kuwait: day's activities of the ruling sheik
Thailand: the increasing cost of eggs
substances with usefulness
migration from a location
process by which representative districts are switched according to the population shifts, so that each district encompasses approximately the same number of people
directed toward the center (
The seasoned migration of livestock between mountains and low land pastures.
meeting place for the world's religions and ideologies
Shows the frequency of something occurring across the earths surface (like humans)
United Nations
A global supranational organization established at the end on WWII to foster international security and cooperation.
domino theory
The belief that political destabilization in one country can result in the collapse of order in a neighboring state, starting a chain reactino of collapse!
Pollution that threatens Earth's ozone layer.
a permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants
pertaining to space on the Earth's surface; sometimes used as a synonym for geographic.
A form of commercial agriculture in which livestock graze over an extensive area.
A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians.
Dependency Ratio
ratio of the economically dependent part of the population to the productive part
The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group of people’s distinct tradition.
religion believed to have been founded by lao-tsu and based upon his book entittled "book of the way". he focused on the proper form of political rule and on the openess of humanity and nature
A German word meaning the land "behind" the city. Includes smaller villages and hamlets.
A monotheistic religion based on the belief that their is one God, Allah, and that Muhammad was his prophet.
Preference map
A map that displays individual preference for certain places
Movement among a definite set of places - often cyclic movement.
Sequent occupance
The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape. This is an important concept in geography because it symbolizes how humans interact with their surroundings.
Vegetative Planting
reproduction of plants by direct cloning from existing plants
indo-euorpean language family
langague family including germanic and romance languages that is spoken by about 50% of the world's people
net migration
the difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants
Map line that connects points of equal or very similar values.
Built environment
The part of the physical landscape that represents material culture, including buildings, roads, bridges, etc.
The spread of something over a given area
Large scale map
Enlarged version of a small area.
By applying simple agricultural techniques allowing humans to increase the carrying capacity of the Earth, and it fundamentally transformed human understanding and use of the environment; Plant and animal domestication, and subsistence farming. Bay of Ben
The 1st Agricultural Revolution
Backwash effect
The negative effects on one region that result from economic growth within another region.
Rust belt
The manufacturing region in the US that is currently debilitated because manufacturing firms have relocated to other countries offering cheap labor and relaxed environmental regulations.
base line
an east-west line designated under the land ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States
Organic theory
Theory by Friedrich Ratzel stating a nation, whish is an aggregate of organisms (humans) would function and behave as an organism.
Biochemical Oxygen Command
Oxygen consumed by decomposing organic waste.
Public Housing
housing owned by the government, in the U.S, it is rented to residents with low income and the rents are set at 30 percent of the families incomes.
any of several techniques of obtaning images of an area or object with out having the sensor in direct physical contact with it
remote sensing
Human Geography
The study of how people make places, how we organize space and society, how we interact with each other in places and across space, and how we make sense of others and ourselves in our localtiy, region, and world.
concentric zone model
a structural model of the American central city that suggests the existence of five concentric land-use rights arranged around a common center
passive solar energy systems
solar energy system that collects energy without the use of mechanical devices
Language extinction
This occurs when a language is no longer used by any living people.
Cotton belt
The term by which the American South used to be known as.
a model used to represent the process of explaining the transformation of countries from high birth rates and high death rates to low birth rates and low death rates as part of the economic development of a country
demography transition
The process if spread if a feature or trend from one place to another over time.
creole or creolized language
a language that results from the mixing of the colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
infant mortality rate
the number of deaths of babies under one year of age per 1000 live births
Net National Product
A measure of all goods and services produced by a country in one yr., including production from its investments abroad, minus the loss of degradtion of natural resourse capitol as a result of productivity.
Hierarchical Diffusion
the spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places.
what is cultural adaptation?
a fine tuning of a diffused culture that benefits the adopters
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