AP Human Geography Vocab 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
part nation state
migration to a location
economic model wherein people, corporations, and states produce goods and exchange them on the world market, with the goal of achieving profit.
the profiteering practice by unscrupulous real-estate agents or speculators of reselling or renting homes that they obtain by inducing panic selling at prices below value, esp. by exploiting racial prejudices.
prime agricultural land
the most productive farmland
Contagious diffusion
The distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person - analogous to the communication of a contagious illness.
The arrangement of something across the earth
Export-processing zone
Areas where governments create favorable investment and tading conditions to attract export-oriented industries.
double cropping
The planting, cultivation, and harvesting of two crops successively within a single year on the same plot of farmland
Acid Precipitation
When acid falls to Earth.
the basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic Church
Spatial Interaction
Both Complementarity ( A condition that exists when two regions, through an exchange of raw materials and/ or finished products, can specifically satisfy each other's demands) and Intervening Opportunity (The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away).
The growing of fruits, vegetables, and flowers.
Environmental Determinism
A nineteenth- and early twentieth- century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was therefore the study of how the physical environment caused human activities.
Population Pyramid
a pyramid-like diagram that displays the population distributions between age and sex
Cultural Ecology
The geographic study of human environmental relationships
animistic religion
the belief that inanimate objects, such as hills, trees, rocks, rivers, and other elements of the natural landscape, possess souls and can help or hinder human efforts on earth
A term used to describe multiple cities that have grown together to create a single urban expanse.
Spatial perspective
An intellectual framework thas looks at the particular locations of specific phenomena, how and why that phenomena is where it is, and, finally, how it is spatially related to phenomena in other places
Mercator projection
A true conformal cylindrical map projection is particularly useful for navigation because it maintains accurate direction.
the ratio between the size of something and a representation of it.
Gravity Model
A mathematical prediction of the interaction of places, the interaction being a function of population size of the respective places and the distance between them.
The physical character of place; what is found at the location and why it is significant
Slash-and-burn Agriculture
another name for shifting cultivation, so named because fields are cleared by slashing vegetation and burning debris
folk culture
refers to a constellation of culutral practices that form the sighs, smells, sounds, and rituals of everyday existence in teh traditional societies in which they developed
guest workers
citizens of poor countries who obtain jobs in Western Europe and the Middle East
Cultural Hearth
A center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.
The zone of outer influence for a culture region.
what is the collection of languages within a branch that share common origins in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary
language group
rule by an autonomous power over a subordinate and alien people and place. Although often established and maintained through political structures, it creates unequal cultural and economic relations. Because of the magnitude and impact of the European colonial project of the last few centuries, the term is generally understood to refer to that particular colonial endeavor.
Some monolingual states are....
Japan, Uruguay, Venezuela, Iceland, Portugal, Poland, Lesotho
Antecedent boundries
A boundry line established before and area is populated.
The single person who takes the role of priest, counselor, and physician and acts as a conduit to the supernatural world in a shamanist culture
the spread of something over a given area
Sanitary landfill
Most common strategy for disposal of solid waste in the U.S.
A ring of land maintained as parks agriculture, or other types of often space to limit the sprawl of urban area.
the arrangement of things on the earths surface
spatial distribution
Cultural Trait
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
trade area
region adjacent to every town and city within which its influence is dominant
Active solar energy systems
solar energy system that collects energy through the use of mechanical devices.
Latin American cities
Owe much of their structure to colonialism, rapid industrialization and population growth.Rings of distinctive residential and industrial areas.
Carrying Capasity
The largest number of people that the environment of a particular area can sustainably support
a city neighborhood set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews.
Relocation Diffusion
The spread if a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
british received pronunciation (BRP)
the dialect of england associated with upper class britons living in the london area and now considered standard in the uk
agricultural density
the ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture
mental map
image or picture of the way space is organized as determined by an individual's perception, impression, and knowledge of the space
What is Axis Mundi?
An image that expresses a point of connection between sky and earth where the four compass directions meet.
Food and Agriculture Organization
a population group that's distinguished by a certain characteristic
Technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science and medicine.
Measurement of the physical space between two places.
Township squares are subdivided into these, each being one square mile, or 640 acres
In the context of determining representative districts, the process by which the majority and minority populations are spread evenly across each of the districts to be created therein ensuring control by the majority of each of the districts; as opposed to the result of majority-minority districts
Place that offers no services.
Urban function
Internal migration
The permanent or semipermanent movement of individuals within a country
a large and fundamental division within a religion
Consumer Services
businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retails services and education, health, and leisure services.
official language
language in which all government business occurs in a country
Thematic Maps
Maps that tell stories, typically showing the degree of some attribute of the movement of a geographic phenomenon.
New Industrial Countries
countries that have recently established an industrialized economy based on
Culture trait
A single, distinguishing feature of regular occurrence within a culture, such as the use of chopsticks or the observance of a particular caste system. A single element of learned behavior.
loyalty and devotion to a particular country
a nation-state that has a centralized government and administration that exercises power equally over all parts of the state.
Spoken by half of the world
Indo-European languages
Natural landscape
The physical landscape or environment that has not been affected by human activities
Most prevalent in Africa and the Americas, doctrine in which the world is seen as being infused with spiritual and even supernatural powers
Photochemical Smog
air pollution containing ozone and other reactive chemical compounds formed by the action of sunlight on nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons, esp. those in automobile exhaust.
Potential Reserve
Energy in undiscovered deposits that are thought to exist.
The region from which innovative ideas originate.
easy to approach, reach, enter, speak with, or use.
Activity Space
The space within which daily activity occurs.
system of writing used in china and other east asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or concept rather than a sound, as is the case for english
land created by the Dutch by draining water from an area
, and mortality rate being how many people die per thousand, CDR
Cultural Landscape
The visible imprint of human activity on the landscape
Dot Map
maps where one dot represents a certain number of a phenomenon, such as a population
Time-space convergence
The idea that distance between some places is actually shrinking as technology enables more rapid communication and increased interaction between those places
business services
The services offered by a business, for example mail delivery or a checking account as offered by a bank.
word for a follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times
husks of grain separated from the seed by threshing
kinship links
types of push or pull factors that influence a migrant's decision to go where family or friends have already found success
Self-Sufficiency Approach
Way to develop that focuses on a country being able to provide for its own
Arithmetic Density
The total number of people divided by the total land area.
Country that consumes over half of the world's annual production of coffee?
United States
Birth Rate
How many child births there are per year CBR=n/p(100)
a number or body of persons or animals migrating together.
Child Mortality Rate
A figure that describes the number of children that die between the first and fifth years of their lives in a given population.
Rostow's stages of development
A model of economic development that describes a countries progression which occurs in five stages transforming them from least developed countries to most developed countires.
genetic or inherited diseases
diseases caused by a mutation in DNA
The first real brush with devolution in the United States may come from:
Hispanic population in Southern States
What is nutritional density?
A measure of how much nutrition can be produced from land.
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