AP Human Geography Vocab 7 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Agribusiness
Commercial agriculture characterized by integration of different steps in the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large corporations.
Cartography
The science of making maps.
Node
Geographical ceners of activity. Larger cities have numerous nodes.
Cultural Ecology
The multiple interactions and relationships between a culture and the natural environment.
bioterrorism
deliberate use of micro-organisms or toxins from living organisms to induce death or disease
location
position that something occupies on Earth's surface
What is the correlation between Europe's linguistic and political organization?
Cultural hearth
Locations where specific cultures first arose
International Migration
Human movement involving movement across international boundaries.
Relative distance
Approximate measurement of the physical space between two places.
pidgin
language that may develop when two groups of people with different languages meet
dialects
variants of a standard language along regional or ethnic lines
Mediterranean Agriculture
An agricultural system practiced in the Mediterranean-style climates of Western Europe, California, and portions of Chile and Australia, in which diverse specialty crops such as grapes and avocados are grown/
urban sprawl
unrestricted growth in many American urban areas of housing, commercial development, and roads over large expanses of land, with little concern for urban planning
Distance Decay
The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Mercator Projection
Stretches poles. Shapes are correct for all areas.Correct directional relationships.Exaggerates distance between Chicago and Stockholm.Area distorted
Why aren't languages spoken in Africa south of the Sahara desert listed as major world languages?
Transferebility
The cost involved in moving goods from one place to another
Genocide
A premeditated effort to kill everyone from a particular ethnic group
European state model
Nation-state? How europe was first?
Nation-state
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
Urbanization
an increase in the percentage of people living in urban settlements.
the direction on routes linking pairs of places
connectivity
forced migration
human migration flows in which the movers have not choice but to relocate
region
an area of Earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features
Thomas Malthus
an English economist who argued that increases in population would outgrow increases in the means of subsistence (1766-1834)
toponym
the name given to a place on Earth
Air Pollution
Air with higher toxin levels then deemed regular
Rank-size rule
Rules that states that population of any given town should be inversely proportional to its rank in the countries hierarchy when the distribution of cities according to their sizes follow a specific pattern.
Islamic cities
Cities in Muslim contries stucture is based on religious beliefs. Islamic mosques at the center and walls surrounding the city. Open-air markets and courtyards surrounded by high walls, dead end streets which limits trafic in residential areas.
Exponential growth
Growth that occurs when a fixed percentage of new people is added to a population each year
Secondary sector
That portion of a region's economy devoted to the processing of basic materials extracted by the primary sector.
Voluntary Migration
Movement in which people relocate in response to perceived opportunity, not because they are forced to move.
resource
a substance in the environment that is useful to people is economically and technologically able to access and is socially acceptable to use
relative location
The regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places
cultural trait
The specific customs that are part of the everyday life of a particular culture, such as language, religion, ethnicity, social institutions, and aspects of popular culture.
Who were the Phoenicians?
-Occupy what today is Lebanon
-Began in Mediterranean region
-Contributors to navigation
-Developed alphabetic script form which the modern alphabet is based
Multi-ethnic State
a state that contains more than one ethnicity
universalizing religions
a belief system that espouses the idea that there is one true religion that is universal in scope
Infant mortality rate
The percentage of children that dies before the age of 1 within a particular area of a country
Particulate Pollutents
Particles found in the air that cause pollution, either man made or natural
perceptual region
an area that people believe exists as part of their cultural activity
Universalizing religion
a religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location
hierarchical diffusion
The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
The so-called New-World Order, consequent to the breakdown od the Soviet Union and the end of the bipolar world would be shaped by all of these...?
forces that connect nations and states, by supranational unions like the European Union, and by multinational action should any state violate international rules of conduct.
Ethnic culture area
A region in which a certain ethnicity dominates.
age-sex pyramid
a chart in which it is shown how many people there are in one country/area according to age and sex. aka population pyramid
Why have doubts and uncertainties begun to cloud hopes for a New-World Order?
even though states are more closely linked, national self-interest still acted as a powerful centrifugal force.
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