AP human Geography vocab Rubenstein Flashcards

Terms Definitions
intraregional
movement within a region
circulation
short-term, repetitive, or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis
Culture
The shared understandings that guide behavior and values and condition a group's perception of the world. Is learned from one generation to the net and evolves over time.
Brain Drain
Large-scale emigration by talented people.
Imperialism
Control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society.
Animism
belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life
Caste
the class or distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law
popular culture
Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
folk culture
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
counterurbanization
Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries.
Ancillary Activities
Economic activities that increase and thereby benefit from agglomerations in particular regions.
taboo
a restriction or behavior imposed by social custom
Population Pyramid
a bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
Pilgrimage
a journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes
culture complex
A related set of culture traits descriptive of one aspect of a society's behavior or activity (may be assoc. with religious beliefs or business practices).
Culture region
a region defined by similar culture traits and cultural landscape features.
international migration
permanent movement from one country to another
Zones of Diasamenity
Same as "squatter settlements", are located near the center of a city.
Diaspora
The dispertion of a social group from it's historical homeland
relocation diffusion
the spread of something through bodily movement of people from one place to another
Overpopulation
The number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
Polytheism
belief in or worship of more than one god
migration transition
change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition
Isoline
A line on a map that connects similar places.
Regional identities
an awarrness of being part of a group of people living in a culture region
Doubling Time
The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase
emigration
migration from a location
Deglomeration
The process of industrial deconcentration in response to technological advances and/or increasing costs due to congestion and competition.
sociofact
The institutions and links between individuals and groups that unit a culture, including family structure and political, educational and religious institutions.
suburbanization
The process of population movement from within towns and cities to the rural-urban fringe.
Allocation
The process of assigning activities, costs, or facilities (e.g.) space to a certain organizational unit
Epidemiology
branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, and powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region.
Ghetto
during the Middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of the city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure
food attraction
A Reasons certain culture/region eats food.
symbol
a material object that represents some greater meaning or refers to something else
Core
the zone of greatest concentration or homogenity of the culture traits that chracteize a region.
Devolution
The statuatory granting of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to government at the subnational level
pop culture
culture found in large heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics
TFR
Total Fertility rate - The average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years
cultural perception
The varying attitudes and ideas that culture groups have regarding how space, place, and territory are identified and used.
net migration
the difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration
Polder
Land created by the Dutch by draining water from an area.
Epidemiological Transition
Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition.
Universalizing religion
a religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location
culture realm
a cluster of regions in which related culture systems prevail
Autonomous Religion
A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
American Midwest's Land Parcels
This area tends to have rectilinear land parcels because the federal survey system adopted in the late eighteenth centuray imposed a geometric pattern on the landscape
Christaller's model of central place
Is useful for describing a settlement whose primary function is to provide support for the population in its hinterland.
artifact
object made by human beings
Branch
a large and fundamental division within a religion
Ecological Trilogy
The traditional symbiotic relationship amoung villages, cities, and nomadic tribes in the Middle East, in which villages grow irrigated crops, cities provide the cantral mosque and bazaar, and the tribes herd livestock and provide transportation and protection.
Supranationalism
A method of decision-making in multi-national political communities, wherein power is transferred or delegated to an authority by governments of member states.
Demography
the scientific study of population characteristics
Cosmogony
a set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe
Culture trait
A defining characteristic of the culture that is shared by most, if not all, members
Formal Region
an area near uniformity (homogenity) inone or severl characteristics
internal migration
permanent movement within the same country
Medical Revolution
Medical Technology invented in Europe and North America is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional deaths
Hierarchical religion
a religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control
Domain
the are outside the core of the culture region in which the culture is still dominate but less intense
push factors
factors that induce people to leave old residences
Structural Adjustment Program
Economic policies imposed on less developed countries by international agencies to create conditions encouraging international trade, such as raising taxes, reducing government spending, controlling inflation, selling publicly owned utilities to private corporations, and charging citizens more for services.
custom
the frequent repetition of an act to the extent that it becomes a characteristic of the group performing it
Industrial Revolution
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing gods.
Solstice
time when the Sun is farthest from the equator
interregional migration
movement from one region of a country to another
Exclusive Economic Zone
An area extending 200 Nautical miles out to sea; Coastal country has complete control of natural resources, etc.
Demographic Transition
The proxess of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and a higher total population.
Dependency Ratio
The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64, compared to the number of people active in the labor force.
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