AP Language and Composition 5 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Buzz, howl
Overused and hackneyed
the process of reasoning
dead and putrefying flesh.
An author's choice of words
passing reference or indirect mention
A mistake in reasoning
Logical Fallacy
Anything (usually something concrete such as an object, action, character, or scene) that represents itself and also stands for something more abstract
of or pertaining to pathology.
From the Greek for "pointedly foolish," a figure of speech wherein the author groups apparently contradictory terms to suggest paradox.
most commonly recognized use of language as a "play on words"
The writer's or speaker's attitude toward a subject, character, or audience, and it is conveyed through the author's choice of words and detail. Tone can be serious, humorous, sarcastic, indignant, objective, etc.
the underlying ideas the author illustrates through characterization, motifs, language, plots, etc.
a comment or instruction (usually added)
the presentation of two contrasting images emphasized by parallel structure "to be or not to be"
The author's attitude toward his subject.
An artistic movement emphasizing the imagination and characterized by incongruous juxtapositions and lack of conscious control.
Specialized language or vocabulary of a particular group or profession.
The prevailing atmosphere or emotional aura or a work
lacking definite form; having no specific shape; formless:
The placing together of sentences, clauses, or phrases without a conjunctive word or words, as Hurry up, it is getting late I cameacirc;euro;rdquo;I sawacirc;euro;rdquo;I conquered.
indirectly stated or expressed; not straightforward:
A similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them. Can explain something unfamiliar by associating it with or pointing out its similarity to something morefamiliar. also make writing more vivid, imaginative, or intellectually engaging.
Fictional work in which the characters represent ideas or concepts
A kind of metaphor that gives inanimate objects or abstract ideas human characteristics.
26. Litotes
li'tutez—a form of understatement in which the negative of the contrary is used to achieve emphasis or intensity, by denying the contrary of the thing being affirmed. Litote is the opposite of hyperbole.
"A few unannounced quizzes are not inconceivable."
" War is not healthy for children and other living things. "
"He is not a bad dancer."
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
The assigning of Human qualities to inanimate objects or concepts (Wordsworth personifies "The sea that bares her bosom to the moon" In the poem "London 1802".)
A speech given by one character (Hamlet's "To be or not to be..."
The emotional nod created by the entirety of a literary work, established partly by the setting and partly by the author's choice or objects that are described
something, as an action or speech, that tends to flatter, coax, entice, etc.:
the omission of conjunctions, as in "He has provided the poor with jobs, with opportunity, with self-respect."
repetition of words with no others between, for vehemence or emphasis.
growth, esp. that resulting from an increase in cell size.
is a brief summary of a whole work.
a noun or noun phrase that renames another noun
tone - ℵ
speaker's attitude toward the subject or the audience
the main idea of a piece of writing
the use of a quotation at the beginning of a work that hints at its theme
13. Conceit
a witty or ingenious thought; a diverting or highly fanciful idea, often stated in
figurative language. A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor
or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects. A conceit displays
intellectual cleverness as a result of the unusual comparison being made.
a story, often of love or adventure, told in song form
The point of highest interest in a literary work.
A story that operates on more than one level and usually teaches a moral lesson. (The Pearl by John Steinbeck is a fine example.)
An inference that does not follow logically from the premises. (literally, does not follow)
non sequitur
Harsh and discordant sounds in a line or passage in a literary work.
A formal speech praising a person who has died.
An inference that does not follow logically from the premises. (literally, does not follow)
non sequitur
Verbal Irony
When words literally state to opposite of the writer's meaning
a natural liking for or attraction to a person, thing, idea, etc.
the act of anticipating or the state of being anticipated.
in a dramatic or literary work a decisive moment that is of maximum intensity or is a major turning point in a plot.
Figure of Speech
A device used to produce figurative language. Many compare dissimilar things. Include, for example, apostrophe, hyperbole, irony, metaphor, metonymy, oxymoron, paradox, personification, simile, synecdoche, and understatement.
Rhetorical Triangle - ∝
Consists of the purpose influencing the author, audience, and subject, which all influence each other, and are encompassed and influenced by the context.
the process that moves from a given of specifics to a generalization
44. Periphrasis
The use of an unnecessarily long or roundabout form of expression; circumlocution.
In "The Rape of the Lock," Pope elaborates the statement "Hampton court is on the Thames near Hampton": Close by those meads, forever crowned with flowers, Where Thames with pride surveys his rising towers, There stands a structure of majestic frame, Which for the neighb'ring Hampton takes its name (Pope).
A narrator who presents the story as it is seen and understood by a single character and restricts information to what is seen, heard, thought or felt by that one character.
limited narrator
The body of devices that enables the writer to operate on levels other than the literal one. It includes metaphor, simile, symbol, motif, and hyperbole, etc.
Figurative Language
Figurative Language
Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid
repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences.
oxymoron - ℵ
a figure of speech that combines two contradictory terms
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas. It comes from the Latin meaning "against the man."
Ad Hominem
either/or fallacy - ∅
asserts a situation can have only two possible outcomes, on of which is more preferable
periodic sentence - ⊗
a sentence in which the main clause or its predicate is withheld until the end. (example: Despite heavy winds and nearly impenetrable ground fog, the plane landed safely.)
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