AP Language and Composition Vocabulary: Section Flashcards

Language
Terms Definitions
Torpor
Laziness
Ethos
appeal to ethics
Assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
A strong verbal denunciation.
phillipic
haughty
disdainfully proud; snobbish; scornfully arrogant; supercilious:
Jargon
Words and expressions characteristic of a particular trade,
profession, or pursuit.
Obsequious
excessively submissive to another person's wishes or ideas, often for purely self-interested reason
An intensely vehement, highly emotional verbal attack.
invective
sanguine
cheerfully optimistic, hopeful, or confident:
Conciet
a fanciful image, especially an elaborate or startling analogy
pedantic
an adjective that describes words, phrases, or general tone that is overly scholarly, academic, or bookish
Princeton Review Top 100 SAT Words
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Polysyndeton
the repetition of conjunctions in close succession for rhetorical effect. "Here and there and everywhere"
47. Ambiguity
The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage.
Refers to language that describes concepts rather than concrete images
Abstract
The repetition of initial consonant sounds, such as "Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers."
Alliteration
A direct comparison between dissimilar things. "Your eyes are stars" is an example
Metaphor
Repetition
The duplication, either exact or approximate, of any element of language
adventitious
associated with something by chance rather than as an integral part; extrinsic.
metronome
a mechanical or electrical instrument that makes repeated clicking sounds at an adjustable pace, used for marking rhythm, esp. in practicing music.
ambiguity
doubtfulness or uncertainty of meaning or intention:
Contrast
Writers often use this or oppositions, to elaborate ideas.It help writers expand on their ideas by allowing them to show both what a thing is, and what it is not.
Irony
When a situation produces and outcome that is the opposite of what is expected
Chiasmus
a balanced pair of phrases with reversed order in the 1st and 2nd pair
persuasive devices
words that contain strong connotation; words and phrases that intensify emotional effect
antithesis - ℵ
opposing or contrasting statements accentuated by their parallel structure.
Definition
a method for specifying the basic nature of any phenomenon, idea, or thing
Diction
the author's choice of words that creates tone, attitude, and style, as well as meaning
Rhetor
the speaker who uses elements of rhetoric effectively in oral or written text
Metamorphosis
a striking change in appearance or character or circumstances
Light verse consisting of five lines of regualr rhythm in which the firs, second, and fifth lines (each consisting of three feet) rhyme, and the second and third lines (each consisting of two feet) rhyme.
limerick
An expression that has been overused to the extent that its freshness or meaning has worn off.
cliche'
The grammatical structure of prose and poetry.
Syntax
Paradox
A statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some degree of truth
euphemism
the substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt.
symmetry
the correspondence in size, form, and arrangement of parts on opposite sides of a plane, line, or point; regularity of form or arrangement in terms of like, reciprocal, or corresponding parts.
encomium
a formal expression of high praise; eulogy:
perfunctory
performed merely as a routine duty; hasty and superficial:
Parody
A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule.
fable
a short moral story (often with animal characters)
Syntax
The arrangement of words and the order of grammatical elements in a sentence.
Cacophony
harsh and discordant sounds in a line or passage in a literary work
53. Clause
A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb. An independent, or main, clause expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. A dependent, or subordinate clause, cannot stand alone as a sentence and must be accompanied by an independent clause. The point that you want to consider is the question of what or why the author subordinates one element.
The omission of a word or phrase which is grammatically necessary but can be deduced from the context. ("Some people prefer cats; others, dogs".)
ellipsis
A device that enables a writer to refer to past thoughts, events, or episodes.
Flashback
A sentence that presents its main clause at the end of the end of the sentence for emphasis and sentence and sentence variety. Phrases, dependent clauses precede the main clause.
Periodic Sentence
The repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of consecutive lines or sentences.
anaphora
A question that rasis a hypothesis, conjecture or supposition. (See rhetorical question)
hypotheical question
A figure of speech that utilizes a part as representative of the whole. ("All hands on deck" is an example.)
Synecdoche
Extended Metaphor
A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work
adulterate
to debase or make impure by adding inferior materials or elements
deduction
a process of reasoning in which a conclusion follows necessarily from the premises presented, so that the conclusion cannot be false if the premises are true.
Double Entendre
kind of pun that is highly sexual suggestive
schemes - ℵ
a pattern of words or sentence construction used for rhetorical effect
Transition
a word or phrase that links one idea to the next and carries the reader from sentence to sentence, paragraph, to paragraph
16. Extended metaphor
A series of comparisons between two unlike objects.
Autobiography
a person's story of his own life, it is nonfiction and describes key events in life
A work in three parts, each of which is a complete work in itself.
trilogy
epithet
any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality:
ploce
The repetition of a word or phrase to gain special emphasis or to indicate an extension of meaning.
Rhetorical Question
A question that is asked for the sake of argument
oversimplification - ∅
trying to provide a simple solution to a complex problem
69. Begging the Question
a fallacy in which the premises include the claim that the conclusion is true or (directly or indirectly) assume that the conclusion is true. This sort of "reasoning" is fallacious because simply assuming that the conclusion is true (directly or indirectly) in the premises does not constitute evidence for that conclusion. Obviously, simply assuming a claim is true does not serve as evidence for that claim. This is especially clear in particularly blatant cases: "X is true. The evidence for this claim is that X is true." Some cases of question begging are fairly blatant, while others can be extremely subtle.
"If such actions were not illegal, then they would not be prohibited by the law."
"The belief in God is universal. After all, everyone believes in God."
alliteration
two or more words of a word group with the same initial letter
8. Point of view
The relation in which a narrator or speaker stands to the story or subject matter of a poem. A story told in the first person has an internal point of view; an observer uses an external point of view.
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