AP Psych - : Motivation and Emotion Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Biologically instigated motivation.
Hormone-like chemicals facilitating communication between brain and immune system.
a specific (usually internal) condition, usually involving some form of arousal, which directs an organism's behavior toward a goal.
Chronic stress
Continuous stressful arousal persisting over time.
bulimia nervosa
eating disorder characterized by pattern 9of eating binges followed by purging (e.g., vomiting, laxatives, exercise)
Type A
Behavior pattern characterized by intense, angry, competitive, or perfectionistic responses to challenging situations.
In drive theory, a biological imbalance (such as dehydration) that threatens survival if it is left unmet; believed to produce drives.
A stressful stimulus, a condition demanding adaption.
Acute stress
A temporary pattern of stressor-activated arousal with a distinct onset and limited duration.
Fight-or-flight response
Sequence of internal processes preparing an organism for struggle or escape.
the evaluation of the significance of a situation or event as it relates to a person's well-being
Representative sample
A sample that reflects the characteristics of the population from which it is drawn
Extrinsic motivation
Motivation supplied by rewards that come from the external environment
Intrinsic motivation
Motivation that leads to behaviors engaged in for no apparent reward except the pleasure and satisfaction of the activity itself
The emotional state or condition that arises when a person must choose between two or more competing motives, behaviors, or impulses
set point
preset natural body weight, determined by the number of fat cells in the body
Immune system
Bodily organs and responses that protect the body from foreign substances and threats.
The view, common in Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East, that values group loyalty and pride over individual distinction.
James-Lange theory
The proposal that an emotion-provoking stimulus produces a physical response that, in turn, produces an emotion.
Display rules
The permissible ways of displaying emotions in a particular society.
Osmotic thirst
A drop in intracellular fluid levels.
Approach-avoidance conflict
Conflict that results from having to choose an alternative that has both attractive and unappealing aspects
Avoidance-avoidance conflict
Conflict that results from having to choose between two distasteful alternatives
Resolution Phase
the fourth phase of the sexual response cycle, following orgasm, during which the body returns to its resting, or normal state
James-Lange theory of emotion
conscious experience of emnotion results from one's awareness of physiological arousal
Opponent-process theory
Theory of emotion which theorizes that emotions have paris. When one is triggered, the other is suppressed.
Emotional intelligence
The ability to understand and control emotional responses.
Sexual scripts
Socially learned ways of responding in sexual situations.
opponent-process theory of emotion
following a strong emotion, an opposing emotion counters the first emotion, lessening the experience of that emotion; on repeated occasions, the opposing emotion becomes stronger
Cannon-Bard theory of emotion
conscious experience of emotion and physiological arousal occur at the same time
Lateralization of emotion
Different influences of the two brain hemispheres on various emotions. The left hemisphere apparently influences positive emotions and the right hemisphere influences negative emotions.
Alarm reaction
First stage of the GAS, during which the body mobilizes its resources to cope with a stressor.
Cognitive appraisal theory
Theory of emotion which theorizes that individuals decide on an appropriate emotion following the event.
Stage of resistance
Second stage of the GAS, during which the body adapts to and uses resources to cope with a stressor.
Stage of exhaustion
Third stage of the GAS, during which the body depletes its resources in responding to an ongoing stressor.
Schachter-Singer theory of emotion
we determine our emotion based on our physiological arousal, then label that emotion according to our explanation for that arousal
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