AP Psych : Motivation and Emotion Flashcards

higher-level safety needs
Terms Definitions
sexual disorders
problems/complications with sex
Drives
impulses to reduce discomfort
Drive
state of arousal/tension that motivates behaviors; ex. Hunger, thirst
Obesity
state of excess body fat
attributing
explaining the cause of something
leptin
protein hormone that controls energy and hunger
personnel psychology
subfield of industrial organizational psych, focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training etc.
Emotional Labor
sociological in nature; Hochschild (1983); jobs, typically held by females, often have the employees regulate, manage, or alter emotional expression; likely due to service or helping occupations
Intrinsic Motivation
internal motivation; completing the activity because it please you; ex. Singing, reading, crosswords, etc.; some people turn these things into extrinsic motivations like jobs but this is rare
Motive
inner directing force; specific need or desire; arouses individual and directs behavior; ex. Hunger, thirst, achievement; can be environmental cues
incentive
a positive or negative environmental stimulus that regulates behavior
Romantic love
love involving strong erotic attraction and desire for intimacy
Motives
needs or wants that drive goal-directed behavior
Cannon-Bard theory
belief that emotional and physiological reactions to triggering stimuli occur almost simultaneously
Self-actualization
motive that drives individuals to express their unique capabilities and fulfill their potentials
Fear
Eyebrows flatten, mouth widens, and eyes widen as well
instinct
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterend throughout a species and is unlearned
estrogen
a sex hormone, secreted in larger amounts in females, nonhuman peaks during ovulation
Cognitive Theory
perception of situations that is essential to emotional experiences; Cannon-Bard is an example; experience depends on one's perception of how to interpret arousal
two-factor theory
Schachter's theory that to experience emotion one must (1)be physically aroused and (2)cognitively label the arousal
theory Y
assumes that, given challenge and freedom, workers are motivated to achieve self-esteem and to demonstrate their competence and creativity
Infatuation
passionate desire for a person without intimacy or decision/commitment
Self-actualization stage of hierarchy
fulfillment of individual potential
Incentive theory
belief that our attraction to particular goals of objects motivates much of our behavior
hunger
strong desire for something, such as food
adaption-level phenomenon
our tendency to form judgements of sounds, lights, income, relative to a neutral level defined by past experience
glucose
form of sugar that circulates in the blood ang provides the major source of energy for body tissues
Achievement Motive
measured by Work & Family Orientation (WOFO) Scales; need to excel or overcome obstacles; often in areas of work, mastery, and competiveness; ex. GPA, award winners, standardized test scores (high), etc.
hierarchy of needs
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychology needs become active
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Physiological- water, sleep food. Safety- security, shelter, protection Belongingness- love, friendship, acceptance. Ego Needs- prestige, status. Self Actualization- self fulfillment, enriching experiances
Arousal theory
belief that whenever the level of stimulation dips below an organism's optimal level, the organism seeks ways of increasing it
Drive reduction theory
According to this theory, drives reduce biological needs caused by an imbalance in homeostasis
set point
when the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight
Power Motive
learned; need to be praised by those in authority or power
Companionate love examples
Older couples that lose their sexual desires could experience companionate love
Physiological stage of hierarchy
hunger, thirst, avoidance of pain, sexual gratification, elimination
Optimal arousal theory
theory that states that people are motivated to maintain their optimal level of arousal, increasing arousal when it is too low and decreasing it when it is too high
Two Factor Theory of Emotion
Schacter & Singer (1962); cognitive theory; there are bodily emotions, but we use the emotions/information to tell us how to reaction in the situation; only when we think, recognize, do we experience the emotion
Changing attitude to reduce dissonance
"Giving blood isn't that important. They must have all the blood they need."
Sexual dysfunction
25-60% of pts and occurs in both low and high potentcy drugs. decreases the labido of women or inhibits ejaculation of men
1. excitement 2. plateau 3. orgasm 4. resolution
4 stages of sexual response cycle?
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