AP Psych: Consciousness Flashcards

Terms Definitions
hypnagogic hallucinations
sensory experiences
myoclonic movement
sudden jerky movement
mental state characterized by confusion, disorientation, difficulty in focusing attention, and excitable behavior
Drug Dependence
sever drug-related probelm characterized by impaired control over the use of a drug
Unconscious level
The level, according to psychoanalysts, that holds events and feelings that are unacceptable to our conscious mind.
a sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks.
jet lag
internal biological clocks collide with external clocks as a result of moving across several time zones.
disruption of sleep-wake cycles caused by the shifts in time zones that accompany long-distance travel
sound or phrase chanted repeatedly during TM
addictive drugs that have pain relieving and sleep-inducing properties
drugs, such as alcohol and barbiturates, that dampen cnetral nervous system activity
Sleepwalking Disorder
sleep disorder characterized by repeated episodes of sleepwalking
Preconscious level
Information about yourself or your environment that you are not currently thinking about but you could be.
Information-processing theory
Falls somewhere between the Freudian and activation-synthesis theories; theorizes that perhaps the brain is dealing with daily stress and information during REM sleep, and that REM sleep and dreams therefore act as a way to process information from the day into our memories.
alpha wave
wave when relaxed, preparing for sleep
is a condition that is characterized by an irresistible urge to move one's body to stop uncomfortable or odd sensations.
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
hormone of the pineal gland that produces sleepiness
nrem sleep
non rapid eye movement; 4 stages
Drifting Consciousness
state of awareness characterized by drifting thoughts or mental imagery
process of clearing drugs or toxins from the body
form of consciousness during a waking state in which one's mind wanders to dreamy thoughts
Reverse tolerance
The effect of hallucinogens in which the drugs may remain in the body for weeks; thus, if an individual takes any hallucinogen again during this time period, a smaller dose is able to cause the same effects of the first, larger dose, or even enhance them.
activation-synthesis theory
circuits in the brain become activated during rem sleep; brain synthesizes and interprets internal activity and attempts to find meaning in signals-dreams
freudian dream theory
believed dreams are highly symbolic, spyholes into unconscious; wish-fulfillment;
nrem stage 3
first stage of deep sleep; transitional stage; deep, low waves (delta waves)
stage of sleep that involves rapid eye movements and that is most closely associated with periods of dreaming
Theta waves
Produced when we are wide awake, as well as when we are in Stages 1 and 2 of sleep.
an episode of sleep which may last for a fraction of a second or up to thirty seconds
nrem stage 1
light stage of sleep; high amplitude brain waves; lasts 5-10 min; can easily be woken up; myoclonic movement; hypnagogic hallucinations
Mindfulness Meditation
form of meditation in which one adopts a state of nonjudgemental attention to the unfolding of experience on a moment-to-moment basis
Delta waves
Produced in Stages 3 and 4 of sleep (when we are in "deep sleep").
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