Ap Psychology - Psychological disorders Flashcards

Terms Definitions
psychological disorder
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior patterns
mood disorders
psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes
Personality Disorders
Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning.
the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fourth edition) A widely used system for classifying psychological disorders. Presently distributed in an updated "text revision
anxiety disorders
psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety.
a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
panic disorder
an anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations
dissociative disorders
disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state.
manic episode
a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state.
medical model
this model assumes that these mental illnesses can be diagnosed on the basis of their symptoms and cured through therapy, which may include treatment in a psychiatric hospital.
bipolar disorder
a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania
Dissociative Identity Disorder
a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities.
Major Depressive Disorder
a mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or a medical condition, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities.
extreme social inhibition; hypersensitive to criticism, feelings of inadequacy
general disruption in conscious memory, identity, and perception
Sensory experiences without sensory stimulation that from a schizophrenic is usually auditory.
eating disorder
severe disorder involved with eating
pathological gambling
persistence to maladaptive gambling that disrupts normal life (Pechanga)
Specific phobia
Anxiety disorder characterized by irrational and persistent fear of a particular object or situation, along with a compelling desire to avoid it.
Bio-psycho-social Perspective
a contemporary perspective which assumes that biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors combine and interact to produce pscyhological disorders
borderline disorder
a personality disorder characterized by instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotions, and marked impulsivity
Paranoid Schizophrenia
Preoccupation with delusions or hallucinations, often with themes of persecution or grandiosity.
substance abuse
reason for drug influences addiction; drug for pain after surgery 99/100 will have no effects; disguise anxiety and big problems
urge to set fires, release tension; sexual component
suffering from a gross impairment in reality testing that interferes with the ability to meet the ordinary demands of life.
Social phobia
Anxiety disorder characterized by fear of, and desire to avoid, situations in which the person might be exposed to scrutiny by others and might behave in an embarrassing or humiliating way.
a strong or irrational fear of something, usually a specific object or situation, that does not necessarily interfere with the ability to function in daily life
Conduct Disorder
One who suffers from persistently breaking rules at home or school.
Pyschoanalytic Theory
Applying Freud's ideas about the importance of early childhood experiences and unconscious impulses suggest that depression occurs when significant loss evokes feelings associated with losses experience in childhood.
A synthetic drug, CHCINS, used to treat certain mental disorders and to control nausea and vomiting.
Dependent (Personality)
Pattern of submissive and clinging behavior related to an excessive need to be taken care of.
panic attacks
acute episodes of intense anxiety; no provication; fel it physically
Psychological Disorders
any pattern of behavior that causes people significant distress, causes them to harm others, or harms their ability to function in daily life
Psychotic Disorder
a psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with reality, experiencing irrational ideas and distorted perceptions.
panic attack
a sudden episode of extreme anxiety that rapidly escalates in intensity
Tourette's Syndrome
An inherited disorder of the nervous system characterized by a variable expression of unwanted movements and noises (tics).
Psychosomatic Disorder
Body ailment or symptom caused by mental or emotional disturbance in which the psychological stresses adversely affect physiological (somatic) functioning to the point of distress (ex. migraine and tension headaches)
Paranoid type of schizophrenia
type of schizophrenia characterized by hallucinations and delusions of persecution or grandeur (or both), and sometimes irrational jealousy.
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
A psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity
Abnormal behavior (Psychological Disorders Criteria)
Most likely to be considered disordered when others find it rationally unustifiable
post-traumatic stress syndrome (PSS)
related to people with major stress (war, work)
flashbacks, nightmares
National Comorbidity Survey
Showed that women are more likely to have major depression and anxiety disorders while men are more likely to have substance abuse and antisocial disorders
Antidepressant Drug
Any class of drugs used to treat or prevent depressions; often have undesirable side effects.
seasonal affect disorder (SAD)
sun is up = happy
sun is down = sad
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