AP Psychology Abnormal Psychology 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
ADHD
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity
obsessions
repeated, intrusive, and uncontrollable irrational thoughts or mental images that cause extreme anxiety and distress
Personality Disorders
psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
what term seeks to explain psychological disorder as sicknesses?
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what disorder is comorbid with Agoraphobia (fear of inescapable situations)?
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catatonic schizophrenia
immobility, or excessive movement, extreme negativism and repeating of another's speech or movement
Somatoform Disorders
class of psychological disorders involving physical ailments or complaints that cannot be explained by organic causes
Purging
The use of vomiting, laxatives, excessive exercise, restrictive dieting, enemas, diuretics, or diet pills to compensate for food that has been eaten and that the person fears will produce weight gain
Major depression
disorder causing periodic disturbances in mood that affect concentration, sleep, activity, appetite, and social behavior; characterized by feelings of worthlessness, fatigue, and loss of interest
phobia
an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations
Hyperactivity
a condition characterized by excessive restlessness and movement
Schizophrenia
group of disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
Paraphilias
Sexual disorders in which sexual arousal occurs almost exclusively in the context of inappropriate objects or individuals.
what reference is used to identify disorders among clients?
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what is the difference between and obsession and compulsion?
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Paranoid Schizophrenia
type of schizophrenia characterized by hallucinations and delusions of persecution or grandeur (or both), and sometimes irrational jealousy.
Narcissistic personality disorder
a personality disorder characterized by exaggerated ideas of self-importance and achievements; preoccupation with fantasies of success; arrogance
waxy flexibility
feature of catatonic schizophrenia in which people rigidly maintain the body position or posture in which they are placed by others
Dissociative Disorders
disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
voyeur
Peeping Tom; person who derives sexual gratification from observing the sexual acts of others
fetishism
a paraphilia in which a nonhuman object is the preferred or exclusive method of achieving sexual excitement
conversion disorders
Somatoform disorders in which a dramatic specific disability has no physical cause but instead seems related to psychological problems
mania
An intense or extreme enthusiasm or excitement.
Affective Disorders
Conditions is which feelings of sadness or elation are excessive, and not realistic, given the person's life conditions.
Bulimia Nervosa
an eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of high-calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise
Histrionic personality disorder
a personality disorder characterized by excessive emotionality and preoccupation with being the center of attention; emotional shallowness; overly dramatic behavior
autism
a disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficient communication, social interaction, and understanding of others' states of mind
Positive Symptom
A symptom of schizophrenia, including thought disorder, delusions, and hallucinations
Paranoid personality disorder
A personality disorder characterized by a pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of the motives of others without sufficient basis
what are the three types of dissociative disorders?
describe each
Substance Abuses
misuse of drugs that damages an individual's health and ability to function
Flat effect
Abnormality of mood and affect., lack of emotional response; no expression of feeling; voice monotonous and face immobile
posttraumatic stress disorder
an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images
Inappropriate effect
Display of emotions that are unsuited to the situation; a symptom of schizophrenia.
Neurotic disorders
mental disorders in which a person does not have signs of brain abnormalities and does not display grossly irrational thinking or violate basic norms but does eperience subjective distress; a category dropped from DSM-III
which disorder is described as having maniac and depressive episodes?
bipolar disorder (manic-depression)
what are the five types of anxiety disorders?
describe each
agoraphobia
a morbid fear of open spaces (as fear of being caught alone in some public place)
dissociative identity disorder
a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Also called multiple personality disorder.(DID)
dysthymic disorder
a mood disorder involving a pattern of comparatively mild depression that lasts for at least two years
delusions of prosecution
belief that somebody is out to get you
which neurotransmitter is a main factor of schizophrenia?
excess dopamine receptors (also low brain activity in the frontal lobs and some fluid-filled areas and tissue shrinkage)
how do the axis work in terms of diagnosis?
I) clinical disorder/diagnosis
II) developmental and personality disorders
III) physical conditions
IV) recent stressors or traumas
V) level of functioning (on a 1-100 scale)
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