AP Psychology Therapy Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth
A procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies.
Evidence-based practice
Clinical decision-making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences.
in psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships
In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material
a behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on classical conditioning
Psychodynamic Therapy
therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight
Mary Cover Jones
Psychologist in behaviorism/learning; "Peter and the rabbit" experiment, maintained that fear could be unlearned, one cannot be simultaneously fearful and relaxed
Biomedical Therapy
Prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system
Surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior.
Unconditional Positive Regard
A caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude, which Carl Rogers believed to be conductive to developing self-awareness and self-acceptance.
Token Economy
an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats.
eclectic approach
an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy
a common chemical salt that provides an effective drug therapy for the mood swings of bipolar disorders
cognitive-behavior therapy
a popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior)
Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy
An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking.
Antianxiety Drugs
drugs used to control anxiety and agitation
Antidepressant Drugs
drugs used to treat depression; also increasingly prescribed for anxiety; different types work by altering the availability of various neurotransmitters
ECT (electroconvulsive therapy)
a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
A biomedical therapy for severly depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
Insight Therapies
A variety of therapies which aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses.
preventive mental health
upstream work that seeks to prevent psychological casulaties by identifying and alleviating the conditons that cause them
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS)
The application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity.
SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor)
work by interfering with the re-absorption of serotonin in the brain. negative effects include: insomnia, anxiety, headache, and diarrhea e.g; Prozac
Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique. Believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences--and the therapist's interpretations of them--released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patients
in psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors in order to promote insight
a now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. the procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain
Exposure Therapies
Behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actuality) to the things they fear and avoid.
Aaron Beck
Cognitive therapist, pioneer in Cognitive Therapy. Suggested negative beliefs cause depression.
behavior therapy
therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
Active Listening
Empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. A feature of Rogers' client-centered therapy.
Systematic Desensitization
a type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli
Joseph Wolpe
Used classical conditioning theory in psychotherapy and introduced Systematic Desensitatization and concepts of reciprocal inhibition which he applied to reduce anxiety. In treatment he paired relaxation with an anxiety -provoking stimulus until the stimulus no longer produced anxiety.
Antipsychotic Drugs
medications that are used to treat schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders
psychotherapy integration
attempting to combine a selection of assorted techniques into a single, coherent system
RET (rational-emotive therapy)
A Cognitive Therapy based on Albert Ellis' theory that cognitions control our emotions and behaviors; therefore, changing the way we think about things will affect the way we feel and the way we behave.
Family Therapy
Therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family members toward positive relationships and improved communication
Regression Toward the Mean
the tendency for extremes of unusual scores to fall back (regress) toward their average.
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