AP Psychology: Intelligence Vocab Flashcards

Intelligence quotient
Terms Definitions
EQ
emotional intelligence
practical
Sternberg's dimension of intelligence that has to do with a person's application of his or her experience with the external world and with everyday tasks
intelligence
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
group test
Written intelligence test administered by one examiner to many people at one time
experiential intelligence
Component of Sternberg's Triarchic theory; AKA creative intelligence; refers to the ability to adjust to new tasks, use new concepts, combine information in novel ways, respond effectively in new situations, gain insight and adapt creatively.
mental age
a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance
creativity
the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas
Normal curve
the symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes. most scores fall near the average and fewer and fewer scores lie near the extreams
performance test
intelligence tests that minimize the use of language
exceptional
refers to individuals who are gifted or those who suffer from learning disabilities, physical impairments, and mental retardation
J.P. Guilford
Believed in 120 factors of intelligence. These factors are classified according to three dimensions - operations, contents, and products
Robert Sternberg
Proposed the triarchic theory that divides intelligence into three types: compnential, experiential, and contextual
Weschler
He published the first high-quality IQ test designed for adults
-Weschler-Adult Intelligence Scale
-made test less dependent on verbal ability
-formalized the computation of separate scores for verbal IQ, performance( nonverbal), and full scale IQ
-new scoring scheme based on normal distribution
Hydrocephaly
Enlargement of the cranium caused by abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the cerebral system, tends to cause bulging eyes and most prominently mental retardation.
practical intelligence
according to Sternberg, a type of intelligence that is often required for everyday tasks, which are frequently ill-defined, with multiple solutions
general intelligence "g"
a general intelligence factor that according to Spearman and others underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test.
Intelligence tests
Tests designed to measure a person's general mental abilities
severe retardation
the level of retardation at which people affected show great motor, speech, and intellectual impairment, nearly totally dependent on others to take care of their basic needs; often results from birth disorders or traumatic injury to brain
Savant syndrome
A condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing
achievement tests
Tests that gauge a person's mastery and knowledge of various subjects. (AP, ACT, SAT)
face validity
the extent to which a test's appropriateness can be gauged by reading or examining the test items
validity
the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to
Aptitude tests
a test designed to predict a person's future performance, aptitude is the capacity to learn
Aptitude test
A test designed to predict a person's future performance; aptitude is the capacity to learn
norms of reciprocity
people's tendency to think that when someone does something nice for them, they ought to do something nice in return
What is moderate retardation?
- 35-50
- can take care of themselves
- can work if closely monitored
- poor reading/math
- down syndrome (extra chr. on 21st)
Chronological Age
the actual age of the child taking the intelligence test
What is Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)?
- Primary intelligence test used to measure adult and adolescent intelligence.
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