AP US History 106 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
jeopardize
p
Townshend Acts
1767
1st Great Awakening
1734-1760
SCLC
Southern Christian Leadership Conference mobilized black church power for black rights
Zachary Taylor's Party
VP - Fillmore
Red Army:
Military organization constructed under leadership of Leon Trotsky, Bolshevik follower of Lenin; made use of people of humble background.
caravel
A small, highly maneuverable three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in the exploration of the Atlantic.
ziggurat
an ancient Mesopotamian temple tower
caste system
social classification first introduced into Indian subcontinent by Aryans.
Vizier
Ottoman equivalent of the Abbasid wazir; head of the Ottoman bureaicracy; after 15th century often more powerful than sultan
Imre Nagy
Leader of the anti-Soviet demonstrations in Hungary
Dias
1488- reached Cape of Good Hope
Unionization
Unions' encouraging gains destroyed by depression of 1837; ruled lawful by court
Armenia
One of the earliest Christian kingdoms, situated in eastern Anatolia (east of Turkey today) and the western Caucasus and occupied by speakers of the Armenian language. The Ottoman Empire is accused of systematic mass killings of Armenians in the early 20th century.
tokugawa shogunate
(1600-1868) tokugawa leyasu seculded japan from almost all other nations and put out a rigid social class model like a caste system, allowed culture to thrive with haiku poetry and kabuki theatre
Causes of Great Depression
-Fordney McCumber Tariff
-Agricultural Problems after WWI
-Buying on credit, didn't have money to pay back
-Uneven division of wealth
-Stock Market Crash
Disillusionment
having no hope for the future
Island-hopping
the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.
Batavia
Dutch fortress located after 1620 on the island of Java.
Korean War
WHO: North Korea, South Korea, UN
WHAT: The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea. Korea was divided into to at the 38th parallel
WHEN: 1950-1953
WHERE: Korea
WHY: Truman though it was a test case for the containment policy.
Stephen Austin
Led earliest American settlers into TX
warehouses
The British East India Company hired the sepoys, the Sikh and Hindu guards to defend and guard these places
Chola Kingdom
definition: kingdom situated in the deep south. At its high point, Chola forces conquered Ceylon and parts of southeast Asia, funded by the profits of trade, dominated the sea, did not build a tightly centralized state
significance: brought order to Southern India
Stamp Act
- 1765
- Internal tax: newspapers, contracts, diplomas, playing cards
- reaction: tar & feathering, Sons of Liberty
- Ben Franklin brought to Parliament to ssy, "we don't want internal!"
*revoked, in exchange for an External tax --> Declaratory Act
Heresy
a doctrine rejected as false by religious authorities
Warsaw Pact
Alliance organized by Soviet Union with its eastern European satellites to balance formation of NATO by Western powers in 1949
Zhou dynasty
the longest lasting Chinese dynasty, during which the use of iron was introduced.
Muhammad
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
Greenpeace
NGO designed to help preserve the environment
appellate courts
courts that generally review only findings of law made by lower courts
Yang Jian
conquered the south, unified China, created the Sui dynasty and finally ended the Period of Disunion
Half-way covenant
provided partial church membership for the children and grandchildren of NE church members to increase the size of the congregational church
Deism
Accepted the existence of God, but considered Him a remote being who, after having created the universe, had withdrawn from direct involvement with the human race and its sins 3: 1775-1825
II Duce
Benito Mussolini's nickname when he came into power and it means the 'duke' or the 'leader'
Red Scare
(HT) , Most instense outbreak of national alarm, began in 1919. Success of communists in Russia, American radicals embracing communism followed by a series of mail bombings frightened Americans. Attorney General A. MItchell Palmer led effort to deport aliens without due processs, with widespread support. Did not last long as some Americans came to their senses. Sacco/Vanzetti trial demonstrated anti-foreign feeling in 20's. Accused of armed robbery & murder, had alibis. "Those anarchists bastards". Sentenced to death and executed.
Hidalgo, Father Miguel de
Mexican priest who established independence movement among Indians and mestizos in 1810; despite early victories, was captured and executed.
Lend-Lease
allows America to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation considered "vital to the defense of the U.S
Time of Troubles
Early 17th-century period of boyar efforts to regain power and foreign invasion after the death of Ivan IV without an heir; ended with the selection of Michael Romanov as tsar in 1613.
tyrant
someone who seized and held power in violaton of the normal procedures of the community
Albany Congress
A conference in the United States Colonial history form June 19 through July 11, 1754 in Albany New York. It advocated a union of the British colonies for their security and defense against French Held by the British Board of Trade to help cement the loyalty of the Iroquois League. After receiving presents, provisions and promises of Redress of grievances. 150 representatives if tribes withdrew without committing themselves to the British cause.
Creel Committee
Headed by George Creel, this committee was in charge of propaganda for WWI (1917-1919). He depicted the U.S. as a champion of justice and liberty
SC Exposition
Written by Calhoun, stated that South Carolina would succeed if tariff not repealed
Mexican War
after disputes over Texas lands that were settled by Mexicans the United States declared war on Mexico in 1846
Hellenistic Empire
The name of Alexander the Great's Empire
Mauryan Empire
(321-185 BCE) This was the first centralized empire of India whose founder was Chandragupta Maurya.
Abbasid Caliphate
A caliphate that had many advancements in math, ancient greek preservation, trade, anatomy, astronomy, urbanization and liturature.
futurism
Concern with events and trends of the future or which anticipate the future.
House of Burgess
An assembly of representatives in Virginia
William Seward
Senator and Secretary of State who believed in a "higher law" above the constitution and was staunchly anti-slavery
the bantu peoples were importatn for spreading which of the following throughout the african continent?
I. Knowledge of agriculture
II. Ironworking
III. Islam
II only
Initiative
(TR) law must be signed by designated percentage of voters then submitted to state legislature
William McKinley's Party*
VP - TR SS - John Hay
American Protective Association (APA)
An anti-foreign association created in 1887 that urged voting against Roman Catholics. Soon had a million members.
Catholic or Counter-Reformation
The movement in the 16th century within the Catholic church to reform itself as a result of the Protestant Reformation.
Paxton Boys
A group of Scots-Irish who marched on Philadelphia in 1764 to protest the Quaker's friendly policy toward the Indians
Eleanor of Aquitaine
accompanied husband, King Louis VII of France on second crusade
MLK Assassination
-39 yr old minister shot standing on balcony w/friends
-because King lost support when opposed Vietnam
Missouri Compromise
Allowed Missouri to enter the union as a slave state, Maine to enter the union as a free state, prohibited slavery north of latitude 36˚ 30' within the Louisiana Territory (1820)
Mongols
A people of this name is mentioned as early as the records of the Tang Empire, living as nomads in northern Eurasia. After 1206 they established an enormous empire under Genghis Khan, linking western and eastern Eurasia.
Li Shimin
founder of the Tang empire; led the expansion of the empire into Central Asia
gold taxation ivory slaves
Ghana strengthen its empire through these FOUR activities
Boxer Rebellion
1900 - Nativist rebellion in China - tried to get rid of all of the foreigners
Who forced the rechartering of the Nat bank in 1832 to further his plitical career
Henry clay
the Alamo
mission that was under the command of Lieutenant Colonel William B. Travis Their purpose was to delay Santa Annas army untill sam Houston arrived Travis sent a plea for reneforcement but only 32 people came including Davy Crockett and Jim Bowe
Alien and Sedition Act
passed by federalists making it harder to become citizens and to deport any immigrant deemed dangerous. the second one outlawed the writing, speaking, or publications of false, scandalous, or malicious statements against the government
Selective Service Act
(FDR) 1940, first peace time draft, 21 through 35 years old
(WW) This 1917 law provided for the registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft. By the end of WWI, 24.2 had registered; 2.8 had been inducted into the army. Age limit was later changed to 18 to 45.
How does James Garfield represent a typical politician of his era?
Professional politician...raised to politics, not some other profession.
eastern front
in World War I, the region along the German-Russian border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
65. Nara and Heian Japan
ast division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185. The Heian period is considered the peak of the Japanese imperial court and noted for its art, especially poetry and literature. Nara: agricultural in nature, centered around villages. Most of the villagers followed the Shinto religion, based around the worship of natural and ancestral spirits.
War Industries Board
(WW) , Headed by Bernard Baruch, could order businesses to support war by building more plants, etc.
which of the following statements concerning intellectual activity of the medieval west prior to the 8th century
with the few literate people concentrated in monasteries, little was achieved other than copying older manuscripts
Civil Rights Act of 1964
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
Stamp Act Congress (1765)
Delegates of seven colonies met in New York to discuss plans for defense. They ended up adopting the Declaration of Rights and Grievances, which stated that freeborn Englishmen could not be taxed without their consent.
French and Indian War
Was a war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley-- English defeated French in1763. Historical Significance: established England as number one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists toward England for the worse.
Lyndon B. Johnson's Party*
VP - Hubert H. Humphrey, SS - Dean Rusk
For peasants the main inspiration for migrating to Siberia was
that serfdom did not extend east of the Urals
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