AP US History 25 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
sea based
mexican war begins
Pontiac's Rebellion; British government issues Proclamation of 1763
British passenger liner secretly carrying ammunition sunk by German U-Boat, including American passengers
Semitic-speaking Canaanites living on the coast of modern Lebanon and Syria in the first millennium B.C.E. From major cities such as Tyre and Sidon, Phoenician merchants and sailors explored the Mediterranean, and engaged in widespread commerce. (103)
Election of 1876
Rutherford B. Hayes
serbia achived
independence from the ottomans
humanists (renaissance)
European scholars, writers, and teachers associated with the study of the humanities (grammar, rhetoric, poetry, history, languages, and moral philosophy), influential in the fifteenth century and later. (p. 408)
Hiram Revels
U.S. clergyman, educator, and politician: first black senator.
Nomadic pastoralists of the Arabian peninsula; culture based on camel and goat nomadism; early converts to Islam.
(TJ) old democratic republicans who believed was of 1812 violated democratic prinapals
the caste position and career determined by a person's birth
a fundamentalist Islamic militia noun Ex. in 1995 the Taliban militia took over Afghanistan and in 1996 took Kabul and set up an Islamic government that enforced "Islamic behavior"
Dayton, Tennessee
where the trial was held
The Tories were colonists who disagreed with the move for independence and did not support the Revolution.
This countries dominance of trade depended on forcing merchants to call at fortified (sihhsts *i cant read the picture) and pay duties
Charles Townshend
reated the Townshend Acts
- British Prime Minister (Grenville’s replacement)
- Townshend Acts formed a program of taxing items imported into the colonies, such as paper, lead, glass, and tea; it replaced the direct taxes of the Stamp Act.
- Townshend Acts led to boycotts by Boston merchants, a key contributor to the Boston Massacre
George Whitefield
powerful speaker, toured the country and inspired many into Christianity
Name of capital city and empire centered on the region near Lake Titicaca in modern Bolivia (375-1000 C.E.). (p. 315)
an enormous archaeological site in the Basin of Mexico, containing some of the largest pyramidal structures built in the pre-Columbian Americas, first major metropolis in Mesoamerica, collapsed around 800 CE. It is most remembered for the gigantic "pyramid of the sun".
Hindu concept of the enjoyment of physical and sexual pleasure.
Naturalization Act
14 years to become a citizen
gov't run health insurance for those 65 +
Italian mariner who probed the Eastern seaboard
society was ruled by a pharaoh considered the incarnation of the sun god who controled acces to the Nile; they had hieroglyphics, the 365-day calender, they were polythestic and worshipped the dead
to treat, show, or consider something as equivalent to something else
Ex: In the early 1500s, Selim I claimed religious right to rule the Islamic world with that of the Arab caliphates of bygone years. (B.189)
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
Muslims belonging to branch of Islam believing that the community should select its own leadership. The majority religion in most Islamic countries. (See also Shi'ites.) (p. 225)
the largest and most ambitious New Deal agency, employing millions to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads, and operated large arts, drama, media, and literacy projects. It fed children and redistributed food, clothing, and housing. Almost every community in the United States had a park, bridge or school constructed by the agency, which especially benefited rural and Western populations. Expenditures from 1936 to 1939 totaled nearly $7 billion.
The name given to the political process in which the general public votes on an issue of public concern.
The optimism of the American Century _____ our domestic problems and _____ our ability to shape the world
The "Sun Belt"
"Smiling crescent" of 15 states in Southern America. The population increased in this area at double the rate of old industrial zones in the Northeast (Frostbelt)
to bring under complete control or subjection; conquer; master.
Rashid al-Din
Adviser to the Il-khan ruler Ghazan, who converted to Islam on Rashid's advice. (p. 334)
fugitive slave law
required everyone to report runaway slaves so that they could be forcibly returned to their owners in the south
Coin's Financial School
Popualr pamphlet written by William Hope Harvey that portrayed pro-silver arguments triumphing over the traditional views of the bankers and economics professors.
presidential reconstruction
Johnson's plan for restoration of the country while Congress was in recess offering forgiveness to those Southerners who would show loyalty
Yalta Conference
a meeting between the USA, Britain, and the USSR, called in order to disarm Germany and divide it into four zones of occupation
a union of persons, parties, or states (legue)
William Howard Taft
the military of the Philippines transferred authority of the islands to this man who became their first civilian governor.
Armistice Day
November 11, 1918; Germany signed an armistice (an agreement to stop fighting); this US holiday is now known as Veterans Day
Third ruler of the Mauryan Empire in India (r. 270-232 B.C.E.). He converted to Buddhism and broadcast his precepts on inscribed stones and pillars, the earliest surviving Indian writing.
The governor of a province in the Achaemenid Persian Empire, often a relative of the king. He was responsible for protection of the province and for forwarding tribute to the central administration. Enjoyed much power. (pg118)
Theodore Herzl
Austrian journalist and founder of the Zionist movement urging the creation of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine. (p. 760)
Vice-admiralty courts
In these courts, British judges tried colonials in trials with no juries.
Cyrillic alphabet
an alphabet drived from the Greek alphabet and used for writing Slavic languages
Civilian Conservation Corps
Provided employment in fresh-air camps for 3 million uniformed young men. Work included reforestation, firefighting, flood control, and swamp drainage.
Battle in 1757 between troops of the British east India Company and an Indian army under Sirāj ud- duala, ruler of Bengal; British victory resulted in control of northern India
Pueblo Revolt
The most successful Indian uprising in American history, the Pueblo people rose against the Spanish in 1680, killed most Spanish missionaries, devastated Spanish buildings, and forced the surviving Spaniards to retreat down to the Rio Grande. The Pueblos maintained their autonomy for about a decade, but Spain reasserted control in the early 1690s.
Robert Fulton
A painter/ engineer who got financial backing to build a powerful steam engine (Clermont). Skeptics called it ''Fultons Folly''. But in 1807 the boat made the 150 mile run from New York City up the Hudson River to Albany in 32 hours. Within a few years Fulten changed all of America's navigable streams into two-way arteries and forever changed the way the West and the South could transport their goods.
who claimed responsibility for 9/11 events
osama bin laden
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
defined process for territories to become states (population reached 60,000), forbade slavery in the new territories
Nicholas I
put down revolts with a secret police, censored schools and newspapers, expanded into Ottoman territory, put down liberal revolts, had little/ no industry, tightened serfs' labor obligations, imported manufactured goods for wealthy
1. Mayflower Compact
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Hellenistic Age
The era (c. 323-30 B.C.E) in which Greek culture blended with Persian and other Eastern influences spread throughout the former empire of Alexander the Great
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
were American communists who were executed after having been found guilty of conspiracy to commit espionage. The charges were in relation to the passing of information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. Theirs was the first execution of civilians for espionage in United States history
Plots of land owned by a lord, little kingdoms
Free-Soil Party
Creation of this party sparked by the failure of the Wilmot Proviso. A regional, single-issue party.
The Compromise of 1850
Slavery becomes outlawed in Washington D.C., California is admitted as a free state, and Utah and New Mexico will determine whether slavery is allowed through popular sovereignty. Also, the Fugitive Slave Law is passed.
Pacific Island Society trade
Trade between Island groups: Tonga, Samoa, & Fiji; distant lands became more isolated
The leader supported by the Roman aristocrats who led a slaughter of over 10,000 of his political enemies was
Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Otto Von Bismarck
Chancellor of Prussia from 1862 until 1871, when he became chancellor of Germany. A conservative nationalist, he led Prussia to victory against Austria (1866) and France (1870) and was responsible for the creation of the German Empire (714)
853. Bret Harte
Wrote humorous short stories about the American West, popularized the use of regional dialects as a literary device.
Proclamation of 1763
The Proclamation of 1763 was an English law enacted after gaining territory from the French at the end of the French and Indian War. It forbade the colonists from settling beyond the Appalachian Mountains. The Colonists were no longer proud to be British citizens after the enactment. The Proclamation of 1763 caused the first major revolt against the British.
of or pertaining to the church or the clergy; churchly; clerical; not secular.
Whose rule in Chile was ended when the military bombed his palace?
Salvador Allende
John Quincy Adams
6th President of the US. Big opinion on Monroe Doctrine and Missouri Compromise
Henry Wallace
for VP FDR, ran in 1948 election as representative for Progressive party
Import Substitution Industrialization
An economic system aimed at building a country's industry by restricting foreign trade. It was especially popular in Latin American countries such as Mexico, Argentina, and Brazil in the mid-twentieth century. (823)
Homestead Act
1862 - provided free land in the west as long as the person would settle there and make improvements in five years
Charles Evan Hughes
- Governor of NY- served on the Association Justice of the Supreme Court- cheif justice by Hoover- endorsed by Progressives in presidental election of 1916 (Prog end 3rd pty role)
155. Lord North
Prime Minister of England from 1770 to 1782. Although he repealed the Townshend Acts, he generally went along with King George III's repressive policies towards the colonies even though he personally considered them wrong. He hoped for an early peace during the Revolutionary War and resigned after Cornwallis’ surrender in 1781.
Eisenhower Doctrine*
(DDE) 1957, , policy of the US that it would defend the middle east against attack by any communist country, Arab states said to leave Lebanon alone
Exception which colonies could import goods from other nations
must be shipped to England first
rush bagot treaty
1817; The US and British agreed to set limits on the number of naval vessels each could have on the Great Lakes. Disarmament of the US / British Canada border
1320. Bretton Woods Conference
The common name for the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference held in New Hampshire, 44 nations at war with the Axis powers met to create a world bank to stabilize international currency, increase investment in under-developed areas, and speed the economic recovery of Europe.
Whow was Walt Whitman?
He was a poet that described the individuality of beings through his poetry
much of the fighting in the war of 1812 took place
on the american-canadian border
ex post facto law
after the fact makes criminal an act a retroactive criminal law
Which of the following was NOT part of the Tanzimat reforms in the Ottoman Empire?
Elimination of religious protection for minority religious groups
1. Funding at Par2. Assumption Bill3. Pay off debt (w/ tariffs & excise tax)4. National Bank
List the four points of Hamilton's Financial Plan
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