AP US History 36 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
1680
Pueblo revolt
rudimentary
beginning; new; basic
jingoist
Aggressively patriotic and warlike.
James Madison
1809-1817, Republican, federalist party comes again, against Pinckey
Serfs
Peasant agricultural laborers within the manorial system of the Middle Ages
Wari
Andean civilization culturally linked to Tiwanaku, perhaps beginning as colony of Tiwanaku. (p. 314)
pragmatism
philosophy that utility determines truth, therefore one should be flexible
manor
In medieval Europe, a large, self-sufficient landholding consisting of the lord's residence (manor house), outbuildings, peasant village, and surrounding land. (p. 254)
Shrivijaya
trading empire between Malaya and Sumatra; Buddhist government; its demise opened southeast Asia to Islam
climate
The pattern of temperature and precipitation over a period of time
Sojourner Truth
(1797-1883) United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women.
SAME WAR?
King Phillip's and Metacomb's War
Bleeding Kansas
Under popular sovereignty, southerner thought that there was an unspoked agreement for Kansas to be slave and Nebraska Free, but when abolitionist groups started sending free soilers into the territory, tensions rose, and settlers started fueding over land claims, wich then turned to almost a mini civial war
Theodore Roosevelt
26th president, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, Hepburn Act, safe food regulations, "Square Deal," Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War.
Quakers
English dissenters who broke from Church of England, preache a doctrine of pacificism, inner divinity, and social equity, under William Penn they founded Pennsylvania
contraband
..., goods whose importation or exportation or possession is prohibited by law
Popular form of entertainment reinforced the stereotypes of blacks as “stupid, clumsy, and obsessively musical.”
Minstrel Shows
Ngo Dinh Diem
Catholic communist autocrat of Vietnam, assassinated (with aid of US)
Stone Age
The historical period characterized by the production of tools from stone and other nonmetallic substances. It was followed in some places by the Bronze Age and more generally by the Iron Age. (p. 11)
Rural
living in or characteristic of farming or country life
Avesta
book that contains the holy writings of Zoroastianism
dona marina
helped hernan cortez conquer the aztecs
Johannes Kepler
German astronomer who first stated laws of planetary motion (1571-1630)
Consuls
Two chief executives of the Roman republic; elected annually by the assembly dominated by the aristocracy.
Harding Administration
Focused on strengthening the U.S. economy.
Harding promoted the growth of business.
Harding made Andrew Mellon (one of America's richest men) to be Secretary of the Treasury, and Mellon thought the government should be run like a business.
He proposed tax cuts that benefited businesses and the wealthy.
Although people questioned whether these tax cuts benefited most Americans, the recession ended and the economy grew.
ulama
the theologians and legal experts of Islam.
Vladimir Lenin
Leader of the Bolshevik (later Communist) Party. He lived in exile in Switzerland until 1917, then returned to Russia to lead the Bolsheviks to victory during the Russian Revolution and the civil war that followed. (p. 761)
William James
one of America's most brilliant intellectuals who served for 35 years on the Harvard faculty; Principles of Psychology (1890) established modern discipline of behavioral psychology; The Will to Believe (1897) and Varieties of Religious Experience (1902) explored the philosophy and psychology of religion; Pragmatism (1907) colorfully described America's greatest contribution to the history of philosophy, most famous of his writings, held that the truth of an idea was to be tested by its practical consequences
Herodotus
A Greek historian that traveled to Egypt about 450 BCE to research mummification; known as the "Father of History"
Akbar
Most illustrious sultan of the Mughal Empire in India (r. 1556-1605). He expanded the empire and pursued a policy of conciliation with Hindus. (p. 536)
Referendum
The name given to the political process in which the general public votes on an issue of public concern.
Colonial agents
These were representatives sent to England by the colonies during the 1600s and 1700s. They served as a link between England and the colonies.
Oliver Kelley
Man who founded Patrons of Husbandry
Saratoga
In 1777, British General John Burgoyne attacked southward from Canada along the Hudson Valley in New York, hoping to link up with General Howe in New York City, thereby cutting the colonies in half. Burgoyne was defeated by American General Horatio Gates on October 17, 1777 at the Battle of Saratoga, surrendering the entire British Army of the North.
electric telegraph
A device for rapid, long-distance transmission of information over an electric wire. It was introduced in England and North America in the 1830s and 1840s and replaced telegraph systems that utilized visual signals such as semaphores. (609)
Council of the Indes
The institution responsible for supervising Spain's colonies in the Americas from 1524 to the early eighteenth century, when it lost all but judicial responsibilities. (p. 476)
Georgia
Found in 1733, buffer zone to protect carolinas from french lousiana and spanish florida, relgious tolerance
Asante
African kingdom on the Gold Coast that expanded rapidly after 1680. Asante participated in the Atlantic economy, trading gold, slaves, and ivory. It resisted British imperial ambitions for a quarter century before being absorbed into Britain. 1902 (736)
Beaver's War
French and Iroquois fought for fur trade
monotheism
Belief in a single divine entity. The Israelite worship of Yahweh developed into an exclusive belief in one god, and this concept passed into Christianity and Islam. (102)
Homestead Act
Provided free land to settlers who were willing to live on it and cultivate it
Committees of Correspondence
places across the thirteen colonies that spread papers and letters that opposed the British
neolithic
latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east (but later elsewhere)
Chandra Gupta
revived Mauryan Empire between 375 and 415 CE as the Gupta Empire
Mormons
church founded by Joseph Smith in 1830 with headquarters in Salt Lake City, Utah
John Jay
first chief justice of the Supreme Court
wampanoag
a member of the Algonquian people of Rhode Island and Massachusetts who greeted the Pilgrims.
francisco coronado
16th century Spanish explorer who was the first European to discover the Grand Canyon
Isaac Singer
he made improvements to the sewing machine Howe made and his company was the world's largest maker of sewing machines
Bartolomeu Dias
Portuguese explorer who in 1488 led the first expedition to sail around the southern tip of Africa from the Atlantic and sight the Indian Ocean.
 
 
 
 
176. Thomas Jefferson
 
 
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later served as the third President of the United States.
Roman Roads
- deep beds, edged with curbs, promoted drainage, large flat paving stones- Milestones along the road to facillitate the imperial postal system- Linked with the Silk Roads to help with trade between Rome and the Far East
commemorate
to serve as a memorial or reminder of:
Currency Act
- 1764 initiated by Grenville a) In response to wartime protest of London merchants against VA's paper money b) Forbade colonies to issue any paper money as legal tender
Suez Canal
Ship canal dug across the isthmus of Suez in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882. (p. 726)
1367. Bay of Pigs
1961 - 1400 American-trained Cuban expatriates left from Nicaragua to try to topple Castro's regime, landing at the Bay of Pigs in southern Cuba. They had expected a popular uprising to sweep them to victory, but the local populace refused to support them. When promised U.S. air cover also failed to materialize, the invaders were easily killed or captured by the Cuban forces. Many of the survivors were ransomed back to the U.S. for $64 million. President Kennedy had directed the operation.
Judicial Review
power of the Supreme Court to decide whether the acts of a President or laws passed by Congress are constitutional
herbert spencer
Took Darwin and applied his theory to human societies
stalingrad
City in Russia, site of a Red Army victory over the Germany army in 1942-1943. The Battle of Stalingrad was the turning point in the war between Germany and the Soviet Union. Today Volgograd.
Cyrus the Great
managed to reunite Persian Empire into a powerful kingdom; began building an empire larger than any yet seen in the world
Osei Tutu
member of Oyoko clan of Akan peoples in Gold Coast region of Africa; responsible for creating unified Asante Empire; utilized Western firearms.
antinomianism
it claimed that a holy life was no sure sign of salvation and the truly saved need not obey the laws of God or man.
Battle of River Zab
Victory of Abbasids over Umayyads; resulted in conquest of Syria and capture of Umayyad capital. (p. 294)
Decline of Buddhism
Invasions of India by turkish people; destroyed Buddhist suptas and shrines. Muslim forces overran cities and exiled monks
779. Injunction
A judicial order forcing a person or group to refrain from doing something.
Employment Act of 1946
The only major domestic accomplishment of the 79th Congress 


Comitted the federal government to ensuring economic growth and established the Council of Economic Advisers to confer with the president and formulate policies for maintaining:
employment
production
purchasing power 
contract of indenture
A voluntary agreement binding a person to work for a specified period of years in return for free passage to an overseas destination. Before 1800 most indentured servants were Europeans; after 1800 most indentured laborers were Asians. (p. 670)
Battle on the River Zab
Abbasid victory against the Umayyads when the Abbasids captured Syria
the Half-Way Covenant
A proposal accepted by an assembly of ministers at Boston in 1662, whereby baptized children of church members could be admitted to a halfway membership. This was in response to the rapid secularization of New England society and its growing materialism.
Mandate of Heaven
a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
Bartolome de Las Casas
First bishop of Chiapas, in southern Mexico. He devoted most of his life to protecting Amerindian peoples from exploitation. His major achievement was the New Laws of 1542, which limited the ability of Spanish settlers to compel Amerindians to labor, (476
Guadalupe hidalgo treaty
(JP) 1848, US paid $15 million to Mexico, got New Mexico and California
Cult of Domesticity
The idea that a woman should raise children and maintain the household while the father worked. This notion was glorified by novels and magazines of the time.
Malayan traders and settlers
may have introduced yams and bananas to Africa.
the compromise of 1850
california entered the union as a free state
Servicemn's Readjustment Act (GI Bill)
bill that gave more benefits to Veterans, allowed many to attend college, passed 1944
Stamp Act Congress, 1765
27 delegates from 9 colonies met from October 7-24, 1765, and drew up a list of declarations and petitions against the new taxes imposed on the colonies.
1239. Election of 1936: candidates, issues
Democrat - Franklin D. Roosevelt, Rebublican - Governor Alfred Landon, Union Party - William Lemke. Issues were the New Deal (which Landon criticized as unconstitutional laws), a balanced budget, and low taxes. Roosevelt carried all states but Maine and Vermont.
Causes of the War of 1812
a. Basically all above, but the Federalists decided the US should invade British Canada i. People started to think that Madison was planning a war of territorial aggression b. British determined to blockade the whole coast of the US and raid coastal town c. Both sides weren't capable of conquering the other d. 1 outcome: Americans wanted to destroy Indian resistance east of the Mississippi
what was industrialization's purpose in the USSR?
to increase the power of the communist party domestically and the power of the soviet unio in relation to other countries
What were the causes of World War I?
Nationalism spurred competition in Europe, and nations increased their militaries and their miltiary potential through alliances. When Serbian nationalists assassinated the heir to the trhone of the Austro-Hngarian Empire, the German government allied with the Austrians, and the Russian govenrmetn allied with the Serbians. When Germany invaded Belgium, war was inevitable.
338. Treaty of Sam Ildefonso
1800 - In this treaty, Spain gave the Louisiana territory back to France (France had lost it to Spain in the Seven Years War).
1. Fort Louisbourg2. Fort Duquesne3. Quebec4. Montreal
Four major battles in the French & Indian War
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