AP US History 62 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Henry IV
A mass departure
Mesoamerican civilization concentrated in Mexico's Yucat?n Peninsula and in Guatemala and Honduras but never unified into a single empire. Major contributions were in mathematics, astronomy, and development of the calendar. (p. 302)
end of Russian serfdom/Italian unification
Spanish name for the Muslims
Bacon's rebellion
confrontation between virginia backcountry settlers and the indians, turned into attack on governer berkely
Early brilliant Indian society centered around Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro.
European Community
An organization promoting economic unity in Europe formed in 1967 by consolidation of earlier, more limited, agreements. Replaced by the European Union (EU) in 1993. (p. 834)
"City upon a hill"
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Chinese School of Thought: Daoists believe that the world is always changing and is devoid of absolute morality or meaning. They accept the world as they find it, avoid futile struggles, and deviate as little as possible from the Dao, or 'path' of nature.
handed down from age to age
Protestant sect founded by John Calvin. Emphasized a strong moral code and believed in predestination (the idea that God decided whether or not a person would be saved as soon as they were born). Calvinists supported constitutional representative government and the separation of church and state.
The extreme northeastern sector of Asia, including the Kamchatka Peninsula and the present Russian coast of the Arctic Ocean, the Bering Strait, and the Sea of Okhotsk. (p. 551)
Bonus Bill 1817
Calhoun's internal-improvements bill that Monroe vetoed on the basis of strict constructionalism.)
Samuel Chase
Federalist Supreme Court justice impeached by the House in 1804 but acquitted by the Senate
Vietnamese dictator whom the US supported just because he was anti-communist although he had little support in Vietnam among the people. He was overthrown by his generals, whom the US also supported, and they weren't popular either.
something that one's efforts or actions are intended to attain or accomplish; purpose; goal; target:
Silk Road
Caravan routes connecting China and the Middle East across Central Asia and Iran. (p. 203)
taken over by British who feared French control, after Maori defeat good relations were est., allowed self-rule
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Nicknamed "Ike", was a General of the Army (five star general) in the United States Army and U.S. politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953-1961).As President, he oversaw the cease-fire of the Korean War, kept up the pressure on the Soviet Union during the Cold War, made nuclear weapons a higher defense priority, launched the Space Race, enlarged the Social Security program, and began the Interstate Highway System.
labor union
an organization or workers usually wage earning workers-to promote the interests and welfare of its members, often by a collective bargaining with employers
Vladimir Lenin
Leader of the Bolshevik (later Communist) Party. He lived in exile in Switzerland until 1917, then returned to Russia to lead the Bolsheviks to victory during the Russian Revolution and the civil war that followed. (p. 761)
standard oil
Rockefeller's oil company, the 1st. Broke up into Exxon and Mobil. Others included Texaco and Gulf Oil
Ancestor Veneration
Ancestors are highly revered and sometimes even feared, They are considered to have become sacred beings who have the ability to help or harm the living, Well-maintained altars/gravesites and specific rituals serve the purpose of honoring and appeasing the dead
Thomas Hobbes
Wrote Leviathan during English civil war, which claims that humans are unhappy and locked in a war against all in their original state of nature, but was protected by the absolute monarch. Thus man enters a social contract with the ruler in order to maintain law and order. A ruler had the right to put down rebellion by any means possible. He was overshadowed by John Locke.
Ignatius Loyola
Spanish soldier and intellectual who founded the society of Jesuits
Monroe Doctrine
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers
Descendents of Muhammad Ali in Egypt after 1867; formal rulers of Egypt despite French and English intervention until overthrown by military coup in 1952
They Aryans reffered to social classes by the term...
a former tribunal of the Roman Catholic Church (1232-1820) created to discover and suppress heresy
Agrarian society
culture or community in which agriculture is the primary means of subsustence; an economy that relies heavily on agricultural production
Sultans of Delhi
Alternately of Persian, Afghan, Turkic, and descent, the rulers of the imperial houses proclaimed themselves as sultans of Delhi
Demand of the Hartford Convention
remove 3/5 compromise
Trench warfare
mid-20th century, method of warfare used in WWI in whcih lines of opposing soldiers fired at each other from ditches
general of the nomadic regions; led a revolt to depose the tang dynasty in 755
National Housing Act #2
(FDR) 1937 , 1937-Wagner=Sponser. Rasied $500mill for urban slum clearance & public housing projects
The Shakers
This group made a redefinition of traditional sexuality and gender roles.
Twelfth Amendment
Beginning in 1804, electors would vote separately for President and Vice President
Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa
early cities in the Indus Valley founded on irrigation, central planning. had sewage lines.
Nikita Khrushchev
emerged as new Russian leader after Stalin. Started "de-Stalinizing" the country. Took aim at capitalists by promoting anti-Western policies and offering economic aid to countries wiling to follow Russia's Communist lead.
(GF) 1976, combined 7 railroads in NE US in an attempt to revitalize service, last ditch attempt to avoid outright govt ownerships and operation
Osei Member of Oyoko clan of Akan peoples in Gold Coast region of Africa; responsible for creating unified Asante Empire; utilized Western firearms.
Mumtaz Mahal
Shah Jahan's wife, LOVED her, limited power
maryland, first colony in which the king granted complete power to the grantee
proprietary colony
The capital of Old Kingdom Egypt, near the head of the Nile Delta. Early rulers were interred in the nearby pyramids. (p. 43)
Bodhisattvaas are men and women who had achieved enlightenment and were on the threshold of nirvana but chose to be reborn into mortal bodies to help others along the path to salvation. They became an essential part of what type of Buddhism, whose name me
Mahayana Buddhism
Convention of 1800
Agreement to formally dissolve the united states' treaty with France, originally signed during the Revolutionary war. The difficulties posed by American's peacetime alliance with France contributed to Americans' longstanding opposition to entangling alliances with Foreign powers.
the idea of a federal organization of more or less self-governing units
the practice of the British of forcing American sailors into service on British warships under the assumption that they were escaped British seamen
charles evans hughes
..., President Harding's Secretary of state who proposed that the scaled-down navies of America and Britian should enjoy parity in battleships and aircraft-carriers, with Japan on the small end of a 5:5:3 ratio.
James Madison
Wrote the Bill of Rights in 1791
The militant effort to do away with slavery. It had its roots in the North in the 1700s. It became a major issue in the 1830s and dominated politics after 1840. Congress became a battleground between pro and anti-slavery forces from the 1830’s to the civil War.
the remote or less developed parts of a country; back country:
Teller Amendment
April 1896 - U.S. declared Cuba free from Spain, but this amendment disclaimed any American intention to annex Cuba
Define "separate spheres".
Cult of domesticity, women stay at home, men work
Dowry deaths
the bride is brutally beat or killed for her fathers failure to fulfill the marriage agreement
Agricultural Revolution
The change from food gathering to food production that occurred between ca. 8000 and 2000 B.C.E. Also known as the Neolithic Revolution. (p. 17)
Missouri Compromise*
1820, (JMon) , The issue was that Missouri wanted to join the Union as a slave state, therefore unbalancing the Union so there would be more slave states then free states. The compromise set it up so that Maine joined as a free state and Missouri joined as a slave state. Congress also made a line across the southern border of Missouri saying except for the state of Missouri, all states north of that line must be free states or states without slavery.
Boris Yeltsin
Was the first President of the Russian Federation from 1991 to 1999. His era was a traumatic period in Russian history—a period marked by widespread corruption, economic collapse, and enormous political and social problems. By the time he left office, he was a deeply unpopular figure in Russia, with an approval rating as low as two percent by some estimates.
"Wars of national liberation"
Communist revolutionary wars in world that the U.S.S.R. pledged to support.
Don Diego Gardoqui
Spanish foreign minister to the US; said that the Mississippi River is off limits to the US
Orders in Council
British followed the Essex decision in 1806, the new policy that declared broken voyages illegal, with first of several trade regulations known as Orders in Council which established a blockade of part of the continent of Europe. It allowed American vessels to trade with French possessions as long as they carried their cargoes to Britain rather than to a continental port controlled by France.
Fifteenth Amendment
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Bear market
A period in which prices of stock decrease for a prolonged period of time
325. Bank war: its enemies and defenders
During Jackson’s presidency, this was a struggle between those who wanted to keep the national bank in operation and those who wanted to abolish it. Jackson and states’ rights advocates opposed the national bank, which they felt imposed discriminatory credit restrictions on local banks, making it more difficult for farmers and small businessmen to obtain loans. The bank was defended by Nicholas Biddle and Henry Clay, the National Republicans, the wealthy, and larger merchants, who felt that local banks credit policies were irresponsible and would lead to a depression.
Corrupt Bargain
The charge make by Jacksonians in 1825 that Clay had supported John Quincy Adams in the House presidential vote in return for the office of Secretary of State. Clay knew he could not win, so he traded his votes for an office.
America and the Napoleonic Wars
a. In 1803, Napoleon Bonaparte declared war on GB—dominated the national politics of the US b. America began to get involved because of trade c. Battle of Trafalgar- GB destroyed French and Spanish ships d. Battle of Austerlitz- Napoleon defeated Austria and Russia i. N's army dominated the land, GB controlled the seas e. GB made the Essex Decision- they could seize any American ships engaged in trade with France f. Congress passed a non- importation Act against GB g. N responded with the Berlin Decree h. GB answered with the order in council- demanded the neutral ships trading with Europe stop first for inspection and licensing in a British port i. N responded with the i. Impressments took place again i. Chesapeake affair- GB went on the American ship- Chesapeake- killed three and took 4 deserters ii. Jefferson responded by barring British ships from American ports and American territorial waters & ordered state governors to prepare to call 100,000 militiamen
1566. Jimmy Carter
Elected to the Senate in 1962 and 1964, in 1974 he became the 39th President, with Vice President Walter Mondale. He secured energy programs, set the framework for Egypt-Israel treaty, and sought to base foreign policy on human rights.
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
set rules and regulations concerning trading that put all investors on a level playing field.
Bank of the U.S.
*Alexander Hamilton - wants to see economic BOOM (like Industrial Revolution in England)
- To pay off debt
- Central bank
phillip II of Macedon
won an important battle in the peloponnesian wars;
Hay-Pauncefote Treaty
It was signed on November 18, 1901 by The United States and the United Kingdom. The Treaty nullified the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty of 1850 and gave the United States the right to create and control a canal across the Central American isthmus to connect the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. In the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty, both nations had renounced building such a canal under the sole control of one nation.
190. Conway Cabal
The name given to the New England delegates in the Continental Congress who tried to wrest control of the Continental Army and the Revolution away from George Washington. Named after Major General Thomas Conway.
under JFK; we sent defiant Cubans into Cuba to overthrow Castro but it didn’t work
1043. Manchurian Railroad Scheme
The U.S. planned to build a railroad to transport American products into China. It would have allowed the U.S. to corner the China market.
What caused the second red scare?
increased popular fear of communist espionage consequent to a Soviet Eastern Europe, the Berlin Blockade (1948-49), the Chinese Civil War, the confessions of spying for the Soviet Union given by several high-ranking U.S. government officials, and the Korean War.
Neutrality Act of 1939
On November 4 the Neutrality Act of 1939 was passed, allowing for arms trade with belligerent nations on a cash and carry basis, thus in effect ending the arms embargo. Furthermore, the Neutrality Acts of 1935 and 1937 were repealed, American citizens and ships were barred from entering war zones designated by the President, and the National Munitions Control Board (which had been created by the 1935 Neutrality Act) was charged with issuing licenses for all arms imports and exports. Arms trade without a license carries a penalty of up to two years in prison.
618. George Fitzhugh, Sociology for the South, or the Failure of Free Society
The most influential propagandist in the decade before the Civil War. In his Sociology (1854), he said that the capitalism of the North was a failure. In another writing he argued that slavery was justified when compared to the cannibalistic approach of capitalism. Tried to justify slavery.
609. Pottawatomie Massacre
John Brown let a part of six in Kansas that killed 5 pro-slavery men. This helped make the Kansas border war a national issue.
King William's War
Also known as the War of the league of Augsburg, it lasted from 1689-1697. It was the third time the major European powers crushed the expansionist plans of King Louis XIV of France.
What was the goal of the US in the Korean War?
Stop spread of communism
What do Congressional Agencies do? List 3
work for all of Congress as a whole.
1. Congressional Research Services
2. Congressional Budget Office
3. Governmental Accountability Office
650. Financing of the war effort by North and South
The North was much richer than the South, and financed the war through loans, treasury notes, taxes and duties on imported goods. The South had financial problems because they printed their Confederate notes without backing them with gold or silver.
/ 83

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online