AP US History 81 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
boring, repetitive
Dominant medieval philosophical approach was called because of its base in the schools
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola
Rutherford B. Hayes
1877-1881, 19th President
any opinions/doctrines at variance with the established or orthodox position; beliefs that reject the orthodox tenets of a religion
portraying or suggesting idyllically the life of shepherds or of the country, as a work of literature, art, or music:
bhaktic cults
hindu groups dedicated to gods/goddesses; stressed the importance of strong emotional bonds between devotees and the god/goddess who was the object of their veneration
Nubian African kingdom that conquered and controlled Egypt from 750-664 BCE
Sinclair Lewis
American novelist who satirized middle-class America in his 22 works; first American to receive a Nobel Prize for literature
Islamic law; defined the patrilineal nature of Islamic inheritance.
30,000 Infantry, originally of slave origin, armed with firearms and constituting the elite of the Ottoman army from the fifteenth century until the corps was abolished in 1826.
Juan Peron
President of Argentina (1946-1955, 1973-1974). As a military officer, he championed the rights of labor. Aided by his wife Eva Duarte Per?n, he was elected president in 1946. He built up Argentinean industry, became very popular among the urban poor. (823
Clans in Aztec society, later explanded to include residential groups that distributed land and provided labor and warriors to leaders
those forces opposing the Sandinista government of Nicaragua and funded and supported by the Reagan administration
Chinese philosopher with doctrine of duty and public service that had a great inluence on subsequent Chinese thought and served as a code of conduct for government officials.
South Africans descended from Dutch and French settlers of the seventeenth century. Their Great Trek founded new settler colonies in the nineteenth century. Though a minority among South Africans, they held political power after 1910. (735)
New Freedom
Woodrow Wilson's philosphy - trusts were busted so government must now regulate business
The center of christian missions in the islamic empires was the city of?
Berlin Conference
Conference that German chancellor Otto von Bismarck called to set rules for the partition of Africa. It led to the creation of the Congo Free State under King Leopold II of Belgium. (See also Bismarck, Otto von.) (p. 732)
Unalienable Rights
Rights of life, liberty, and propertythat cannot be taken away except through due process of law
Year WWII started w/ invasion of Poland
Volstead Act
(WW), implemented the 18th Admendment. It established illegal alcohol at above .5%, but then comes the speakeasies
What heretical group in the 16th century attacked increasing materialism of European society?
new deal
The name of President Roosevelt's program for getting the United States out of the depression
Warren Harding
"Return to Normalcy." First president to have women vote for him; wanted to keep America out of the League of Nations; his presidency was marked by scadal. "Abraham Lincoln could not tell a lie, but Harding could not tell a liar." He did not like to say no to his friends and was also quite a dummy XD He had some of the greatest political minds in his cabinet but didn't notice two of the biggest crooks were there, too.
Region of western India famous for trade and manufacturing; the inhabitants are called Gujarati. (p. 380)
(Islam) a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine
the head of the Roman Catholic Church
broke down power of pope (challenged him)
Frances Townsend
physician and political organizer who advocated for pensions for the elderly. Joined with Fther Coughlin and Huey Long in their Share the Wealth ideas
Missouri Compromise
Missouri admitted as slave state, Maine as free
further slavery in Missouri prohibited and rest of Louisiana land free
Percentage of British ships that were Am. made
of, pertaining to, appropriate for, or assigned to an office clerk or clerks:
Intolerable Acts
in response to Boston Tea Party, closed Boston ports
Ida B. Wells
an African American sociologist, civil rights leader and a women's rights leader active in the History of women's suffrage in the United States.
What ethnic group was treated harshly by the US government during WWII?
The Japanese
1300. Second front
The Russians were suffering heavy casualties fighting the German invasion of Russia. Stalin urged the Allies to open a "second front" in the west to relieve the pressure on the Russians. The Allies did so, but only after a long delay.
a Native American Empire who lived in Mexico. Their capital was Tenochtitlan. They worshipped everything around them especially the sun. Cortes conquered them in 1521.
Coersive Acts
The British name for the Intolerable Acts that punished Boston for the Boston Tea Party
Holy men and women, often martyrs, who were revered in Christianity as models of Christian lifestyles; built up treasury of merit that could be tapped by more ordinary Christians
William the Conqueror
Invaded England, was Duke of Normandie, and created a centralized feudal system
Brook Farm
An experiment in Utopian socialism, it lasted for six years (1841-1847) in New Roxbury, Massachusetts.
all forces of nature in Japanese; what is worshiped in Shinto; the ultimate goal of Shinto is to become part of nature
Bleeding Kansas
Was a sequence of violent events involving Free-States and pro-slavery "Border Ruffians" elementsmthat took place in Kansas Territory and the western frontier towns of the U.S. state of Missouri between roughly 1854 and 1858 attempting to influence whether Kansas would enter the Union as a free or slave state
sought to erase the distinction between Hinduism and Islam
The bhakti movement
chartered Company
Groups of private investors who paid an annual fee to France and England in exchange for a monopoly over trade to the West Indies colonies. (p. 498)
Manifest Destiny
stated the United States was destined to span the breadth of the entire continent with as much land as possible, advocated by Polk
Cherokee Removal
The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas-more than 800 miles (1,287 km)-to the Indian Territory. More than 4, 00 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey, Jackson sends GA Cherokees on a "Trail of Tears" to Oklahoma territory, thousands die during the march
On what year did the Americans force Cornwallis to surrender at Yorktown?
battle of tippecanoe
harrison govener of the indians territory gathered an army and advanced on techumses headquarters prophet attacked harrison was a national hero
Confiscation Act
Allowed Union to liberate those slaves used by the Confederacy for "insurrectionary purposes."
steam engine
A machine that turns the energy released by burning fuel into motion. Thomas Newcomen built the first crude but workable steam engine in 1712. James Watt vastly improved his device in the 1760s and 1770s. Steam power was then applied to machinery. (607)
Clean Air Act
(RN), 1970 reaction to Rachel Carson in her 1962 in Silent Spring, It describes one of a number of pieces of legislation relating to the reduction of smog and air pollution in general. The legislation forced the country to enforce clean air standards to improve health and showed that American was moving towards certain environmentalist measures.
Brigham Young
The successor to the Mormons after the death of Joseph Smith. He was responsible for the survival of the sect and its establishment in Utah, thereby populating the would-be state.
Bureau of Corporations
Branch of the Department of Commerce and Labor which was authorized to probe businesses engaged in interstate commerce.
Judicial Review
The power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional. "a latent veto power"
Anglo-Powhatan Wars
2 wars where the English settlers of Jamestown fought the Powhatan Confederacy
George III
Became King of England in 1760, and reigned during the American Revolution.
the art or gift of prophecy (or the pretense of prophecy) by supernatural means
Headright System
provided 50 acres of land to each person who settled in the colonies
Theodore Roosevelt
Governor of New York, was later kicked upstairs into the vice presidency
Neutrality Acts
The Neutrality Acts were a series of laws passed in the United States in the 1930s, in response to the growing turmoil in Europe and Asia that was to lead to World War II. They were spurred by the growth in isolationism in the US following its costly involvement in World War I, and sought to ensure that the US would not become entangled again in foreign conflicts, especially in Europe 7: 1934-1941
society of the cininnati
secret society formned by officers of continental army, group was named for george washingotn,whose nickname was cincinnatus, although washington himseld have no involvemnet
Peter Stuyvesant
The governor of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, hated by the colonists. They surrendered the colony to the English on Sept. 8, 1664.
Homestead Act
Allowed a settler to acquire as much as 160 acres of land by living on it for five years, improving it, and paying $30. Urged many to move out West.
John Quincy Adams's Party
VP - Calhoun, SS - Henry Clay
1445. H. Rap Brown
A proponent of Black Power, he succeeded Stokely Carmichael as head of SNCC. He was indicted by inciting riot and for arson.
Richard Nixon
He was a committee member of the House of Representatives and Committee on Un-American Activities (to investigate "subversion"). He tried to catch Alger Hiss who was accused of being a communist agent in the 1930's. This brought him to the attention of the American public. In 1956 he was Eisenhower's Vice-President.
Free Soil Party
Formed in 1847 - 1848, dedicated to opposing slavery in newly acquired territories such as Oregon and ceded Mexican territory.
Fugitive Slave Law
Enacted by Congress in 1793 and 1850, these laws provided for the return of escaped slaves to their owners. The North was lax about enforcing the 1793 law, with irritated the South no end. The 1850 law was tougher and was aimed at eliminating the underground railroad.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
This document was the first written constitution in the American colonies. It was prepared as the covenant for the new Puritan community in Connecticut, established in the 1630s. This document described a system of government for the new community.
504. Manifest Destiny
Phrase commonly used in the 1840's and 1850's. It expressed the inevitableness of continued expansion of the U.S. to the Pacific.
British burn Washington DC
British entered capital and set fire to many public buildings such as the Capital and the White House
1268. Spanish Civil War (1936-1935), Franco
Spain had established a leftist, democratic government in the 1930s. In July, 1936, Gen. Fransisco Franco and other army leaders staged a coup and installed a right-wing fascist government, touching off a civil war between loyalist Republican forces (aided by Russia) and Franco's Fascist party (aided by Mussolini and Hitler).
Society of the Cincinnati
A secret society formed by officers of the Continental Army. The group was named for George Washington, whose nickname was Cincinnatus, although Washington himself had no involvement in the society.
wht was the city beautiful movemennt?
inspired by architect Daniel Burnham- provide order and symmetry to disorderly life of city
the war of 1812 weaknesses
british navy had more
britain had a larger and better army
775. Knights of Labor: Uriah Stephens, Terence Powderly
An American labor union originally established as a secret fraternal order and noted as the first union of all workers. It was founded in 1869 in Philadelphia by Uriah Stephens and a number of fellow workers. Powderly was elected head of the Knights of Labor in 1883.
226. Constitution - Separation of power
The powers of the government are divided between three branches: the executive, the legislative, and the judiciary.
Pinckey's Treaty (Treaty of San Lorenzo)
spain wants to work out problems with US.
terms: us free nagivation of mississippi river. us hav right to establish warehouses in new orleans for american goods. both agreed nto to incite native americans agaist eachoter. establish boundary between american territory(georgia) and spanish florida
"Three hundred Dollar Men"
It was a term used to refer to the sum that the rich Unionists had to pay in place of them going to war. The term eructed as a protest claiming that soldiers lives were worth just $300. This showed the ever powerful division of class still present in times of war.
who did bush defeat in 2004? what were the popular and electoral vote totals?
bush defeated john kerry. 286 to 252 electoral. 60,639,281 to 57,355,978 popular
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