AP US History 83 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Dodge City
Kansas
shi'a
followers of the ali
Lao Zi
Who created Daoism
Greenpeace
an international organization that works for environmental conservation and the preservation of endangered species
global corporations
Corporations with substantial operations on both the production and sales sides in more then one country.
Samuel F.B Morse
Invents telegraph 1844
ethics
a system of moral principles
nok
culture featuring highly developed art style in forests of central nigeria
Legalism
Chinese philosophy from the Zhou dynasty that called for harsh suppression of the common people.
Itinerants
Traveling preachers such as Tennent and Davenport
Yamato
Japanese clan that gained increasing dominance in the 4th and 5th centuries c.e.; created imperial cult around Amaterasu and Shinto; brought most of the lowland plains of the southern islands under control.
Plato
Socrates' most well known pupil. Founded an academy in Athens.
Patriots
name for American fighters and supporters
Arthashastra
The harsh political philosophy of Chandra Gupta and Hytala is recorded in...
Richard Olney
US attorney general, archconservative and ex-railroad attorney, dispatched federal troops to crush Pullman Strike, he justified it saying that the strikers were interfering with transit of U.S. mail.
New Imperialism
Historians' term for the late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century wave of conquests by European powers, the United States, and Japan, which were followed by the development and exploitation of the newly conquered territories for the benefit of the colonial powers.
Janissary
Infantry, originally of slave origin, armed with firearms and constituting the elite of the Ottoman army from the fifteenth century until the corps was abolished in 1826. See also devshirme. (p. 526, 675)
Atlanta Compromise
Major speech on race-relations given by Booker T. Washington addressing black labor opportunities, and the peril of whites ignoring black injustice
Ohio Valley
battleground among spanish french and british. george washington was sent there to survery land, and he killed a french leader. he was surrounded and had to surrender.
"Midnight Judges"
Judicial appointments made by Pres. Adams in his last months of pres.
what social group was considered low in the standing in official chinese hierarchy
merchants
Copperheads
Group of democrats that opposed any effort to support the fighting. Got their name either from copper pennies they wore around their necks or named after the poisonous snake.
Ulysses S. Grant*
1869-1877, Republican, bloody shirt (blamed south for civil war), Liberal Republicans (Horace Greeley)
Monk
a man who separates himself from ordinary human society in order to pursue a life of total dedication to God
Allied Forces
fought the Central Powers, forces included Britain, France, and Russia and later, Italy, US, Japan
Concubines
official mistress in some cultures: a woman who is the lover of a wealthy married man but with the social status of a subordinate form of wife, often kept in a separate home, especially in imperial China.
Max Planck
German physicist who developed quantum theory and was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1918. (p. 774)
han dynasty
imperial dynasty that ruled China (most of the time from 206 BC to AD 220) and expanded its boundaries and developed its bureaucracy; remembered as one of the great eras of Chinese civilization
Gupta Dynasty
Indian Hindu dynasty that reinforced the caste system and decentralized the government
Irish
-the dialect of English used in Scotland
-, of or relating to or characteristic of Ireland or its people
Anarchy
total absence of rule or government; confusion; disorder
Abolitionism
those against slavery for often moral reasons; common in north
Bosporus
straits that the Ottomans crossed from Asia Minor to Europe
forestall
to prevent, hinder, or thwart by action in advance:
Nye Committee
investigaged US business gains in war; convinced US that "merchants of death" were responsible for war
Jesuits
Members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic order founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1534. They played an important part in the Catholic Reformation and helped create conduits of trade and knowledge between Asia and Europe. (p. 548)
Communist Manifesto
a socialist manifesto written by Marx and Engels (1842) describing the history of the working-class movement according to their views
William Pitt
English secretary of state who brought war effort under British control; forced colonists to enlist, and seized supplies from colonists, but later relaxed these policies to ease tension.
John P. Altged
Illinois governor who pardoned the Haymarket anarchists
Gilbert Stuart
A famous colonial painter who painted George Washington on the dollar bill; from RI
Pullman Strike
in Chicago, Pullman cut wages but refused to lower rents in the "company town", Eugene Debs had American Railway Union refuse to use Pullman cars, Debs thrown in jail after being sued, strike achieved nothing
bubonic plague
A highly contagious disease, that was fatal and otherwise known as the disease spread in Asia and Europe in 1347-1351 by the Chinese and Mongols
Ralph Waldo Emerson (-)
Essayist, poet. A leading transcendentalist, emphasizing freedom and self-reliance in essays which still make him a force today. He had an international reputation as a first-rate poet. He spoke and wrote many works on the behalf of the Abolitionists.
Song Dynasty
followed the Yuan Dynasty; founded by Tai Zu; reunified China after Mongol rule; ruled 960-1279; invented gunpowder and the magnetic compass; known for art and literature
Andrew Johnson
A Southerner form Tennessee, as V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote. He was a very weak president.
James Watt
A Scottish engineer who created the steam engine that worked faster and more efficiently than earlier engines, this man continued improving the engine, inventing a new type of governor to control steam pressure and attaching a flywheel.
Hiroshima
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II. (p. 797)
Urban II
Called First Crusade in 1095; appealed to Christians to mount military assault to free the Holy Land from the Muslims. (p. 382)
Punic Wars
Series of three wars fought between Rome and the Phoenician city of Carthage.
southern slaves/ population
1/4 southerners owned slaves; only 1,733 more than 100 slaves
 
small farmers majority of slaves
 
conditions worst in Newer states of AL, MS, LO
pg. 889
PES
Truman
Truman as president believed in the Truman doctrine and wasn't very involved in war. He advocate the Fair deal.
He decreased wages to attempt to decrease inflation
social impacts were"housing, conservation, economic security, health insurance, federal aid to education, agricultural subsidies, increased the minimum wage, expanded social securities, flood control, slum clearance, expanded public power, reclamation, soil conservation, building of low income housing units."
William Henry Harrison
Mexican War hero, first Whig president, but died a month into presidency.
Babylon
The largest and most important city in Mesopotamia. It achieved particular eminence as the capital of the Amorite king Hammurabi in the eighteenth century B.C.E. and the Neo-Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar in the sixth century B.C.E. (p. 29)
fort sumter
southern forces fire on ft. sumter in S.C., civil war begins
Oneida Community
founded by John Humphrey Noyes in 1848 in Oneida, New York. The community believed that Jesus Christ had already returned in the year 70, making it possible for them to bring about Christ's millennial kingdom themselves, and be free of sin and perfect in this world, not just Heaven (a belief called Perfectionism).
Tribute System
payment made by one nation to another in acknowledgment of submission
Charles R. Forbes
appointed to head the Veterans' Bureau by Harding
Vasco da Gama
Portugese who finally reached India in 1498 (probably by sea)
Carolinas
1665 - Charles II granted this land to pay off a debt to some supporters. They instituted headrights and a representative government to attract colonists. The southern region of the Carolinas grew rich off its ties to the sugar islands, while the poorer northern region was composed mainly of farmers. The conflicts between the regions eventually led to the colony being split into North and South Carolina.
fourth party system
A new American political period of Republican political dominance, diminishing voter participation in elections, a weakening of party organizations, and greater concern for industrial regulation and labor welfare
tehran
big three met and agreed to begin the attack to liberate France
F.D Roosevelt
The only 4 term preident; had polio, which made him use a wheelchair; president during the Great Depression when the economy was really bad; known for his "fireside chats" when people would listen to him on the radio, his is on the dime
Elijah Mohammad
director and leader of the Nation of Islam, Elijah taught black to take responsibility of their own lives and reject dependence on whites, similar to Garvey's teachings 7: 1934-1941
Thomas Paine
radical who wrote Common Sense in 1776 to promote idea of independence and republic
Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
prohibited immigration to US by Chinese laborers; first law to restrict immigration on race/nationality.
Harvard College
Founded in 1636, it was the first college in the colonies.
Summit Conference in China*
(RN), America opposed entrance to UN of Mao-Tse-tung's Communist People's Republic of China, however they saw Kai-shek's Nationalist CHina on island of Taiwan, but Nixon relaxed restricitons, also on trade, and US support People's Republic of and General Assembly did to, and also expelled Nationlist China, from the UN, also after Nixon returned from China, Okinawa Island was returned to Japan, but US retained its military base there.
948. Cleveland and Hawaii
President Cleveland did not want to forcibly annex Hawaii, so he waited five years to do so. McKinley finally did it. Cleveland felt the annexation overstepped the federal government's power.
Lewis and Clark
Two explorers sent by the president to explore the Louisiana Purchase (also known as the Corps of Discovery)
Erskine Agreement
1809 - The U.S. offered to cease all trade with France and resume trade with Britain if the British would stop the impressment of American sailors. The British did not agree to this, so this proposal never went into effect.
American Federation of Labor
The first federation of labor unions in the United States. Founded by Samuel Gompers in 1886
Hammurabi's Law Code
First set of defined laws within a civilzation
155. Lord North
Prime Minister of England from 1770 to 1782. Although he repealed the Townshend Acts, he generally went along with King George III's repressive policies towards the colonies even though he personally considered them wrong. He hoped for an early peace during the Revolutionary War and resigned after Cornwallis’ surrender in 1781.
Banned all foreign trade as a means of “peaceable coercion” with the hope of pressuring Britain and France into respecting American neutrality.
Embargo Act
1404. AFL-CIO merger
In 1955 at a New York City Convention, these two once-rival organizations decided to put aside their differences and unite. Had a total membership of over 15 million.
Rush-Bagot Treaty, Great Lakes
1817 - This treaty between the U.S. and Great Britain (which controlled Canada) provided for the mutual disarmament of the Great Lakes. This was later expanded into an unarmed Canada/U.S. border.
Independent Treasury Act
In the wake of the Specie Circular and the Panic of 1837, President Van Buren proposed, and Congress passed this act. The system that was created took the federal government out of banking. All payments to the government were to be made in hard cash and it was to be stored in government vaults until needed.
pg. 929
PS
 
 
"credibility gap"
this was a way of saying that the people didn't trust the government for what it has been saying about Vietnam as it should have been for the government was inflating the numbers anyway
This signifies disillusionment becoming stronger within the United States people towards their gov.
Assassination of April 14, 1865
While sitting in his box at Ford's Theatre watching "Our American Cousin", President Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth.
1058. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan (1860-1925)
Served as Secretary of State under Wilson from 1913-1915, he resigned in protest of U.S. involvement in WW I.
"Battle of the Bloody Marsh"
On St. Simon's Island off the coast of GA, the Spanish attacked Oglethorpe, but the English defended well (1742)
498. Supreme Court: Gibbons v. Ogden
1824 - This case ruled that only the federal government has authority over interstate commerce.
ELECTION 80
D- Jimmy Carter R- *Ronald Reagan* I- John Anderson
/ 83
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