AP US History Chapters Vocabulary 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
no segregation by law
Economic Growth
Industrialization and the transportation revolution were a considerable force in American history, changing the character of life in America by facilitation westward expansion, and urbanization. This period was distinguished by the establishment of factories and the creation of many new inventions to save time, improve transportation and communication, and increase productivity.
George Whitefield
(1714-1770) Anglican Protestant minister who helped to spread the Great Awakening.
Feudal states fronting the Hudson River that were granted to promoters who agreed to settle fifty people on them
The National Republican party altered its name to the Whig party during Jackson's second term. They were united by their opposition of Jackson's policies, committed to Clay's American System and believed in active intervention by the government to change society. They became a national party with appeal by 1836.
destroyers-for-bases deal
Roosevelt's compromise for helping Britain as he could not sell Britain US destroyers without defying the Neutrality Act; Britain received 50 old but still serviceable US destroyers in exchange for giving the US the right to build military bases on British Islands in the Caribbean.
Pre-Columbian Era
Many distinct societies evolved through a complex process of growth and environmental adaptation. The Pre-Columbian Era is also known at the prost Archaic phase.
Hernan Cortes
(1496-1547) Spanish explorer and soldier who won Aztec Mexico for Spain. With an army of natives, he toke Montezuma hostage in 1519. In 1521, he burned the Aztec capital to the ground after they rebelled.
Great Compromise
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
Colony founded by Charles II granted to the eight Lord Proprietors. Developed clsoe economic ties with the sugar islands of the English West Indies and had a vigorous slave trade.
Henry David Thoreau
American transcendentalist who was against a government that supported slavery. He wrote down his beliefs in Walden. He started the movement of civil-disobedience when he refused to pay the toll-tax to support him Mexican War.
Betty Friedan
wrote the Feminine Mystique, launched woman's liberation movement
the movement in opposition to slavery, often demanding immediate, uncompensated emancipation of all slaves. This was generally considered radical, and there were only a few adamant abolitionists prior to the Civil War. Almost all abolitionists advocated legal, but not social equality for blacks. Many abolitionists, such as William Lloyd Garrison were extremely vocal and helped to make slavery a national issue, creating sectional tension because most abolitionists were from the North.
Grover Cleveland
First Democratic president since the Civil War, defender of laissez-faire economics and low tariffs.
the practice of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war
The illegal execution of an accused person by mob action, without due process of law
McKinley Tariff
1890 tariff that raised protective tariff levels by nearly 50%, making them the highest tariffs on imports in the United States and eliminated duties on sugar. In return for its passage, the Sherman Silver Purchase Act was given Republican support.
Resulted in Depression of 1893, and recession in Hawaii (domestic sugar source)
The reconcile the fundamental tension between equality and oppurtunity, American in the final analysis committed to
equal oppurtunity
The rights of the oldest child, especially the eldest son, to inherit the entire estate of one or both parents.
"youth culture"; baby boom; want to escape parents conformity
Seventeenth Amendment
allowed americans to vote directly for U.S senators
North Carolina
Colony filled with riff-raff that was in between two aristocratic olonies that became stereotyped as independent minded
Edgar Allan Poe
American writer known especially for his macabre poems, such as "The Raven" (1845), and short stories, including "The Fall of the House of Usher" (1839).
Vera Cruz
East of Mexico City; our first "d-day"; Winfield Scott lands several ships on the coast (1847)
Warren Commission
created to figure out who killed Kennedy and why, it's conclusion: it wasn't a conspiracy
Milan Decree, 1807
Napoleon replied to the continuous British opposition, with the Milan Decree, which was to tighten his so-called Continental System. The decree proclaimed that any vessel that submitted to British regulations or allowed itself to be searched by the Royal Navy, was subject to seizure by France.
Jay Cooke
Wealthy New York financier whose bank collapse in 1873 set off an economic depression.
New Lights
Ministers who took part in the revivalist, emotive tradition by George Whitefield during the Great Awakening
"Bull Moose" Party
nickname for the new Progressive Party, which was formed to support Roosevelt in the election of 1912
john brown
An abolitionist who attempted to lead a slave revolt by capturing Armories in southern territory and giving weapons to slaves, was hung in Harpers Ferry after capturing an Armory
A French Protestant of the 16th and 17th centuries.
Which of the following was not a central resource included in the "triangular" trade?
Billy Graham
One of the most popular evangelical ministers of the era. Star of the first televised "crusades" for religious revival. He believed that all doubts about the literal interpretation of the bible were traps set by Satan. He supported Republicans and a large increase to money in the military.
Black Legend
False concept held by Indians that the Spanish tortured and butchered the Kindians, stole their gold, infected them with smallpox, and left little but misery behind.
Aaron Burr
served as the 3rd Vice President of the United States. Member of the Republicans and President of the Senate during his Vice Presidency. He was defamed by the press, often by writings of Hamilton. Challenged Hamilton to a duel in 1804 and killed him.
William King
Pierce's VP; a southerner; was in Cuba for health problems and took his oath while in Havana, Cuba (1853)
Harriet Tubman
Tubman was a black woman who, after escaping from slavery in 1849, made 19 journeys back into the South to help as many as 300 other slaves escape. She was the most famous leader of the underground railroad. Because of her efforts to lead her people to freedom, Tubman was known as "Moses" among blacks.
Office of Price Administration
WWII Office that installs price controls on essential items to prevent inflation
Muller V. Oregon
1908 - Supreme Court upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health
black codes
Laws passed on the state and local level mainly in the rural Southern states in the United States to limit the civil rights and civil liberties of African Americans.
George B. McClellan
A major general during the American Civil War. He organized the famous Army of the Potomac and served briefly (November 1861 to March 1862) as the general-in-chief of the Union Army. Early in the war, he played an important role in raising a well-trained and organized army for the Union.
Dr. Spock
The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care; 1945
Second Anglo-Powhatan War
In 1644, the Indians made a last effort to disloge the Virginians. Ended with a peace treaty in '46 that banished the Chesapeake Indians from their land.
"Sumner Sticks"
On Brooks porch when he got home to SC, southerners support
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Coming from New England, the area from which literature was most prominent, Longfellow, a poet, wrote Evalgeline which was widely read by schoolchildren in America. His poems of Evalgeline and Hiawatha preached of the value of tradition and the impact of the past on the present.
Clatyon-Bulwer Treaty
1850 US treaty with GB that said any canal in central america had to be jointly owned by Us and Britain
Merrimack (The Virginia)
A frigate and sailing vessel of the United States Navy, best known as the hull upon which the ironclad warship, CSS Virginia was constructed during the American Civil War. The it took part in the Battle of Hampton Roads and is noted as the first ironclad warship ever built.
Federal Reserve Act of 1913
was designed to regulate the nation's money and supply and credit by buying and selling government bonds and issuing Federal Reserve Notes.
Treaty of San Ildefonso
Treaty on October 1, 1800, in which Spain ceded the Louisiana territory to France, which was becoming a foremost military power. Threat of French expansion was the result of Jefferson's goal to obtain the territory, not for expansionism, but the opportunities of trade by New Orleans as a sea port.
What did the Land Ordinance do?
Land ordinance created an orderly survey of the northwest
The proposed Albany Plan of 1754
Revealed the difficulties colonies had in cooperating with each other.
4. What nativist organization appeared in 1849?
The order of the star spangled banner
Land Ordinance of 1785
A law that divided much of the United States into a system of townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers.
The development of the Carolina colony was notable in the
The northern and southern regions were economically and socially distinct from each other.
Which of the following was not an important characteristic of politics in the age of jackson
end of the spoils system of filling public offices with political supporters
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