AP US History Important Terms 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Rabban Sauma
Korean War
: ****
Principal religion of Japan
General Howe attacked Philidelphia instead of starting up the Hudson River from New York to aid Burgyone. He wanted to engage Washingtons army and destroy it, Washington was defeated in the battles of Brandywine Creek and Germantown. Burgyone was left to flounder the wilds of upper New York alone.
the fragile, naturally evolved networks of relations among organisms in a stable environment; the commingling of the New and Old Worlds caused its intermixing
Confederation of nomadic peoples living beyond the northwest frontier of Ancient China and were known as 'barbarians' to the Chinese
__________ were radical religious dissenters who rejected membership in the Church of England. Some of their number founded Plymouth Plantation in 1620.
Amerindian peoples who inhabited the Greater Antilles of the Caribbean at the time of Columbus. (p. 423)
Gothic Architecture
Architecture of the twelfth-century Europe, featuring stained-glass windows, flying buttresses, tall spires, and pointed arches
South Africans descended from Dutch and French settlers of the seventeenth century. Their Great Trek founded new settler colonies in the nineteenth century. Though a minority among South Africans, they held political power after 1910. (735)
definition: a southern state below China
significance: had fast-ripening Rice, allowed much more food to be produced
Spot Resolutions
Congressman Abraham Lincoln supported a proposition to find the exact spot where American troops were fired upon, suspecting that they had illegally crossed into Mexican territory.
Federation of Northeast Asian peoples who founded the Qing Empire. (p. 556)
Suffolk Resolves
The First Continental Congress endorsed Massachusetts's Suffolk Resolves, which declared that the colonies need not obey the 1773 Coercive Acts, since they infringed upon basic liberties.
The Grange
Originally a social organization between farmers, it developed into a political movement for government ownership of railroads
government where authority over public and private affairs was vested in adult males
(of language) native or indigenous (
Joesph Stalin
Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communists after 1924, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition (780)
Pueblo, Colorado
The high point of Wilson's presidential tour for the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations
Kitchen Cabinet
Jackson's group of unofficial advisors consisting of newspaper editors and Democratic leaders that met to discuss current issues. Jackson used the Kitchen Cabinet more than his official Cabinet.
This Rhode Island senator led the senatorial reactionaries in tacking on hundreds of upward tariff revisions to the supposed tariff reform bill under Taft.
Foreign residents in a country living under the laws of their native country, disregarding the laws of the host country. 19th/Early 20th Centuries: European and US nationals in certain areas of Chinese and Ottoman cities were granted this right. (682)
Jim Crow Laws
Segregation laws in the South
What naval invention helped the Romans take back their holdings in the Mediterranean in the First Punic War?
The tiny island that Napoleon was granted after his abdication. Off the coast of Italy.
Proclamation of 1763
Proclamation forbidding settlers to advance beyond a line drawn along Appalachian Mountains; meant to limit conflicts with Indian tribes over land.
Hernan Cortes
Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the conquest of Aztec Mexico in 1519-1521 for Spain. (p. 437)
marco polo
Venetian merchant and traveler. His accounts of his travels to China offered Europeans a firsthand view of Asian lands and stimulated interest in Asian trade.
Mexica Warriors
Elite class, mostly from Mexica aristocracy. enjoyed wealth, honor and privileges
a person who holds religious beliefs in conflict with the dogma of the Roman Catholic Church
Spoils System
Introduced by Jackson, used for putting cabinet members in cabinet, illiterate
robert lafollette
..., Republican Senator from Wisconsin - ran for president under the Progressive Party - proponent of Progressivism and a vocal opponent of railroad trusts, bossism, World War I, and the League of Nations
Best of the antebellum homes
Rattle and Snap
Rachel Carson
late 20th century, American marine biologist & writer whose best known book, Silent Spring, was an influential study of the dangerous effects of synthetic pesticides on food chains. Public reaction resulted in stricter controls on pesticide use
Tariff of 1833
Stated that import taxes would gradually decrease by about 10% over a period of eight years until they matched the levels of the Tariff of 1816. Although the state and federal governments were able to strike a compromise, Jackson's near invasion of S. Carolina illustrated the federal government's stance on the power of a state to annul federal laws.
Vietnam War ended
(GF) ended April 30, 1975Nixon replaced American forces in Vietnam with South Vietnam, withdrawal caused hostilities between North and South in which as a result, all of Vietnam became Socialist Republic of Vietnam. (1976)
Settlement of Jamestown
English plant colonies in North America
56. John Bartram (1699-1777)
America's first botanist; traveled through the frontier collecting specimens.
good or bad deeds which determine the next life cycle
Macon's Bill #2
measure eliminated all restrictions on commerce w/ France and England. Also stated that if either France or England revoked sanctions against the U.S., America would re-establish its embargo against the other nation.
Gold Standard abandoned and turn to silver
1933 (FDR)
Liberal Republicans
they believed in civil service reform, opposed corruption, wanted lower tariffs, and were lenient toward the South.
Paleolithic Age
about 14,000 years ago; human being learned only simple tool use; 750 BCE-fire tamed; humans became more erect in stature and brain capacity increased along w/ size; called "homo erectus"; spread into Africa, Asia & Europe; developed "speech gene" & rituals to lessen fear of death; greatest achievement: spread of human species over much of the earth's surface; used animal skins as clothing;
Robber Barons
they robbed the American public with their huge corporations and monopolies that made it difficult for those of the low class to pay for bare necessities; 19th century industrialists (ie.: Carnegie, Rockefeller, Ford)
A grant of authority over a population of Amerindians in the Spanish colonies. It provided the grant holder with a supply of cheap labor and periodic payments of goods by the Amerindians. It obliged the grant holder to Christianize the Amerindians. (479)
One who embezzles or misuses money or property, especially public funds.
Mayflower Compact
document signed by members on the Mayflower which agreed to submit to the will of the majority under the regulations agreed upon (one of the first forms of self-government in America)
Edgar Allan Poe
Southern poet that explored human spirit and depth of human emotions with his work; most poems portrayed pain and sadness in the world.
Compromise of 1877
Republicans get election of their candidate (Hayes Democrats get removal of federal troops from South - end of Reconstruction
..., The name given to the political process in which the general public votes on an issue of public concern.
Railroads and barbed wire
What killed the long drive?
Stanton, Anthony, Chapman Catt
All suffregettes
- Stanton was a suffragette who, with Lucretia Mott, organized the first convention on women's rights, held in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. Issued the Declaration of Sentiments which declared men and women to be equal and demanded the right to vote for women. Co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association with Susan B. Anthony in 1869.
- Anthony was an early leader of the women's suffrage (right to vote) movement, co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association with Elizabeth Cady Stnaton in 1869.
- Catt was a suffragette who was president of the National Women's Suffrage Association, and founder of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance. Instrumental in obtaining passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920.
an article of trade or commerce, esp. a product as distinguished from a service.
Knights of Labor
1869 - established in Philidalphia - suppose to be a secrete faternal order - first union to allow all laborers
What happened after the Congo won its independence?
Civil war
Bay of Pigs
Landing area on Cuba's south coast where an American-organized invasion by Cuban exiles was defeated by Fidel Castro's government forces April 17-20, 1961
Cold War
Physical War between the US and Soviet Union
The relation of a strong nation to a weak one under its control and protection.
Getulio Vargas
Dictator of Brazil from 1930 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1954. Defeated in the presidential election of 1930, he overthrew the government and created Estado Novo ('New State'), a dictatorship that emphasized industrialization and helped urban poor but did little to alleviate problems of peasants.
Sharpeville massacre
a massacre in 1960 in south Africa when police shot at non-violent protestors (protesting against pass laws) in the Sharpeville township
Separation of Powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
Dred Scott Decision
Taney rules that slaves are not citizens, and Congress does not have the right to ban slavery in territories
Free Soil Party
A political party formed in 1847-1848 dedicated to opposing slavery in newly acquired territories such as Oregon and the ceded Mexican territory.
panic of 1907
..., a serious recession, proved the govt. still had little control over the industrial economy. Conservatives blamed Roosevelt's mad economic policies for the disaster, and the president disagreed, but acted quickly to reassure business leaders that he wouldn't interfere with their private recovery efforts.

Citizen Genet
he was an ambassador sent to our government by the French Republic, arrived at Charleston, South Carolina
William Marbury
He had been appointed as Justice of the Peace in the District of Columbia by President John Adams shortly before leaving office, but John Marshall, Adam’s Secretary of State didn’t deliver his commission as required. When Thomas Jefferson became President, he ordered the new Secretary of State, James Madison, to not deliver his commission. Marbury petitioned and brought the case to the Supreme Court, but was unsuccessful and never became a Justice of the Peace in the District of Columbia.
Big Brother policy
Era of this US foreign policy launched by the "rape of Panama," characterized by "cowboy diplomacy" and characterization as the Colossus of the North.
378. Purchase of Florida
1819 - Under the Adams-Onis Treaty, Spain sold Florida to the U.S., and the U.S. gave up its claims to Texas.
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
was created to maintain farm income. Its strategy was to reduce the supply in the market by paying farmers to decrease their acreage under production. The gov also bought surpluses and destroyed them. Was scrapped in Butler v U.S.
The Macedonian Dynasty
A Dynasty that had a remarkable number of achievements, had a cultural influence, strong civil service and a period of very capable rulers.
queen anne's war 1702-1713
american phase of europe's war of spainish sucession
McNary Haugen Bill
Never became a law, was a highly controversial plan in the 1920s to subsidize American agriculture by raising the domestic prices of farm products. The plan was for the government to buy the wheat, and either store it or export it at a loss. It was vetoed by President Calvin Coolidge, and never approved. According to the bill, a federal agency would be created to support and protect domestic farm prices by attempting to maintain price levels that existed before the First World War. By purchasing surpluses and selling them overseas, the federal government would take losses that would be paid for through fees against farm producers.
1344. Collective security
An Article 10 provision of the League charter, it stated that if one country was involved in a confrontation, other nations would support it. Collective security is agreements between countries for mutual defense and to discourage aggression.
King George the Third
King of England during the American Revolution
265. Sec. of War Knox
A Revolutionary War hero, Henry Knox had served as Secretary of War under the Articles of Confederation, and stayed on in that capacity as part of Washington's cabinet.
Things to know: Washington as President - name 3
• development of the Cabinet
• economic problems facing the early Republic and Hamilton's response
• relations with Great Britain and France
American Woman Suffrage Association
Led by Lucy Stone and husband Henry Blackwell. Differed from NWSA on philosophy and strategy. Stressed cooperation of men and women. Ran state-by-state campaigns to remove the word "male" from state constitutions.
Dominion of New England
a- was established to replace the New england confederation after the glorious revolution settled down in england. commissioned by london in 1686 and run by androsb- the appointment caused unrest, and the colonists tried to kick out andros. this resulted in the loss of the massachusetts charter.
1589. Supreme Court: Gideon v. Wainwright, 1963
Court decided that state and local courts must provide counsel for defendants in felony cases at the state's expense in any serious felony prosecution. Before, counsel was only appointed if the death penalty was involved.
What act divided up the democratic party
Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
338. Treaty of Sam Ildefonso
1800 - In this treaty, Spain gave the Louisiana territory back to France (France had lost it to Spain in the Seven Years War).
What happened at the battle of verdun?
the germans staged a surprise attack against the French at verdun
488. "Cult of True Womanhood": piety, domesticity, purity and submissiveness
While many women were in favor of the women's movement, some were not. Some of these believed in preserving the values of "true womanhood": piety, domesticity, purity and submissiveness. These opponents of the women’s movement referred to their ideas as the "Cult of True Womanhood."
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