AP US HISTORY MIDTERM 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
archaic
p
negligible
hardly noticeable
1917
Date: Russian Revolution
1517CE
Start of Protestant Reformation
Tang
dynasty succeeded Sui dynasty
Medici
aristocratic Italian family of powerful merchants and bankers who ruled Florence in the 15th century
Progressivism
Spoke against monopolies, corruption, and social injustice; wanted high Gov power
Pedro Alvares Cabral
portugal 1500
discovered Brazil
Truman Doctrine
Overturned Monroe Doctrine. Support Greek and Turkey, keep them communist
Maya
Classic culture emerging in southern Mexico and Central America contemporary with Teotihuacan; extended over broad region; featured monumental architecture, written language, calendrical and mathematical systems, highly developed religion
Maria Monk
Authored "The Awful Disclosures"; Anti-Catholic Nativist
mehmed 2
Conquered Constantinople and renamed it Istanbul
Iconoclasm
Policy in which veneration of religious images was sinful, tantamount to worship of idols.
United Nations
International organization formed in the aftermath of World War II; included all of the victorious Allies; its primary mission was to provide a forum for negotiating disputes
Toltecs
Nomadic peoples from beyond the northern frontier of sedentary agriculture in Mesoamerica; established capital at Tula after migration into central Mesoamerican plateau; strongly militaristic ethic, including cult of human sacrifice.
Jacobus Arminius
Dutch Protestant theologian who founded Arminianism which opposed the absolute predestinarianism of John Calvin (1559-1609)
daoism
philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu
Fascism
Political ideology and mass movement that was prominent in many parts of Europe between 1919 and 1945; it sought to regenerate the social, political, and cultural life of societies, especially in contrast to liberal democracy and socialism; fascism began with Mussolini in Italy, and it reached its peak with Hitler in Germany
Alabama (Geneva Tribunal)
*1869-1872, Seward negotiates with England on recovering damages from Civil War, Treaty of Washington 1871, solved dispute over fisheries, boundaries, and Alabama
Toleration act
This guaranteed religious freedom to almost all Protestants in England under the monarchy of William and Mary.
Ibn Battuta was
moroccan legal scholar, studied Islamic law
Five Nations
The federation of tribes occupying northern New York: the Mohawk, the Oneida, the Senecca, the Onondaga, and the Cayuga. The federation was also known as the "Iriquois," although in about 1720 the Tuscarora tribe was added as a sixth member. It was the most powerful and efficient North American Indian organization during the 1700s. Some of the ideas from its constitution were used in the Constitution of the United States.
hongwu
First Ming emperor in 1368; originally of peasant lineage; original name Zhu Yuanzhang; drove out Mongol influence; restored position of scholar-gentry
North Carolina
1712 "Drifters" (or riff-raff), from Charleston and and VA asked for their own charter, recognized as seperate in 1724
Monroe Doctrine
American declaration stated in 1823; established that an attempt of a European country to colonize in the Americas would be considered an unfriendly act by the United States; supported by Great Britain as a means of opening Latin american trade
CIA
US Spy network, involved in many assassinations
People's Liberation Army
Chinese Communist army; administered much of country under People's Republic of China
League of Nations
An international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations; suggested in Wilson's Fourteen Points.
The Association
organization that wanted a complete boycott of British goods
Anglicans
This was one of the tax-supported churches in 1775. They belonged to the Church of England, which was the official faith in Georgia, North and South Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, and a part of New York. It mainly served as a prop of England authority. This faith was far less intense than the other established church, the Congregational Church.
Great Awakening
Religious revival movement in the colonies in the 1730s
Rachel Carson
who wrote Silent Spring?
it spurred the water quality act, 1965
also spurred Clean Water Restoration Act, 1966
New Freedom
Woodrow Wilson's domestic policy that, promoted antitrust modification, tariff revision, and reform in banking and currency matters.
cities/urban centers, political system bases on defined territory, extensive division of labor, social distinctions/hierarchy/classes, monumental building, record keeping, long distance trade, more sofisticated arts and sciences
8 traits of civilization?
Bhutto, Benazir
Twice prime minister of Pakistan in the 1980s and 1990s; first ran for office to avenge her father's execution by the military clique then in power.
1517
Martin Luther, a monk, posts his "95 Theses" on the door of his local church in Germany; start of the Protestant Reformation
Plessy v. Ferguson
sumpreme court ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilites were equal
Western Front
A line of trenches and fortifications in World War I that stretched without a break from Switzerland to the North Sea. Scene of most of the fighting between Germany, on the one hand, and France and Britain, on the other.
Camp David Accords
(1978) were negotiated at the presidential retreat of Camp David by Egypt's Anwar Sadat and Israel Menachem Begin; they were brokered by U.S. President Jimmy Carter. They led to a peace treaty the next year that returned the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt, guaranteed Israeli access to the Red Sea and Suez Canal, and more-or-less normalized diplomatic and economic relations between the two countries. This isolated Egypt from the other Arab countries and led to Sadat's assassination in 1981.
The French Alliance
...after Battle of Saratoga, French join war for Colonies...and revenge
Watts Riots
-1964 riots which started in an African-American ghetoo of Los Angeles and left 30 dead and 1,000 wounded. Riots lasted a week, and spurred hundreds more around the country.
-after black motorist was arrested
WAACS
Women in Army; WAVES: Women in Navy; SPARS: Women in Cost Guard
In 1206 the Mongols gave the title Chinggis Khan, or "universal ruler," to
Temujin
Peloponnesian War
(431-404 BCE) The war between Athens and Sparta that in which Sparta won, but left Greece as a whole weak and ready to fall to its neighbors to the north.
Korean War
Conflict that began with North Korea's invasion of South Korea and came to involve the United Nations (primarily the United States) allying with South Korea and the People's Republic of China allying with North Korea. (p. 836)
Reservationists
Senators who pledged to vote in favor of the Treaty of Versailles if certain changes were made - led by Henry Cabot Lodge
Emperor
What do you call feudal ruler of Japan. Really a fugurehead, control rested with shogun
cotton gin
prolonged slaery because it led to more cotton production
habeus corpus act
1. protects citizens from arrests without due process.
2. one of the many steps charles II took to acknowledge the rights of his people.
Panama and Noregia
(GB1) after Omar Torrijos comes dominating Manuel Noriega, charged by US for drug trafficking, US sanctions attempted military coup (Operation Just Cause, largest since Vietnam), Noriega fled and surrendered
devshirme
a practice of the Ottoman Empire to take Christian boys from their home communities to serve as Janissaries
Homo sapiens
The human species man that emerged as most successful at the end of the Paleolithic period.
Peter the Great
czar of Russia who introduced ideas from western Europe to reform the government
breech loading rifles
the primary reason the sepoys sparked their Sepoy Rebellion due to their disagreement with this type of weapon
Paxton Boys
They were a group of Scots-Irish men living in the Appalachian hills that wanted protection from Indian attacks. They made an armed march on Philadelphia in 1764. They protested the lenient way that the Quakers treated the Indians. Their ideas started the Regulator Movement in North Carolina.
John Slidell
Sent by Polk to Mexico to negotiate Texas independence and purchase of California and New Mexico - was ignored by Mexican Government
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Pulled America out of the Depression with a successful New Deal
Four Noble Truths
All life invoves suffering; desire is the cause of suffering; elimination of desire brings an end to suffering; a disciplined life conducted life brings the elimination of desire.
large, taxes, independent kingdoms
The Abbasid Caliphate was challenged by a ____ empire, increased ______, and arising _____.
barbados slave codes
"If any Negro or slave whatsoever shall offer any violence to any Christian by striking or the like, such a Negro or slave shall for his or her first offence be severly whipped by the Constable. For his second offence of that nature he shall be severly whipped, his nose slit, and be burned in some part of his face with ahot iron. And being brutish slaves, they deserve not, for the baseness of thier condition to be tried by the legal trial of twelve men of thier peers, as the subjects of England are. And it is further enacted and ordained that if any Negro or other slave under punishment by his master unfortunately shall suffer in life or member, which seldom happens, no person whatsoever shall be liable to any fine therefore."
kansas-nebraska act
Said that as Kansas and Nebraska were accepted into the union they could choose whether they were free or slave states. Kansas had to revote because of a cheated vote and Nebraska never got the chance to vote.
Force Acts
Banned the use of terror, force or bribery to prevent someone from voting because of their race. Also banned the KKK entirely and brought forth military help to enforce these laws.
Judiciary Act 1789
(GW) Created the federal court system, allowed president to create federal courts and to appoint judges
American Expeditionary Forces
(WW), The Us forces led by General John Pershing who fought with the allies in Europe during WW1
Home Owners' Loan Corporation
Law designed to refinance mortgages on nonfarm homes; assisted about a million households and bolted the political loyalties of middle-class homeowners to the Democrats
Taiping Rebellion
Broke out in South China in 1850 and early 1860s led by Hong Xiuquan a semi Chirstianized prophet sought ot overthrow Qing dynasty and Confucian basis of scholar gentry
Mayans
1500 B.C. to 900 A.D. This is the most advanced civilization of the time in the Western Hempishere. Famous for its awe-inspiring temples, pyramids and cities. A complex social and political order.
Ghengis Khan
The title of Temujin when he ruled the Mongols (1206-1227). It means the 'oceanic' or 'universal' leader. He was the founder of the Mongol Empire.
which of the following accuratly describes the state of christianity in the roman empire before 313 CE?
from beginning it was ok
Charles Sumner and Preston Brooks
(FP) , Radical Republican against the slave power who insults Andrew Butler and subsequently gets caned by Preston Brooks
Alien and Sedition Acts
A series of laws that sought to restrict the activities of people who opposed Federalist policies (1798)
Who was Mansa Musa?
The Mali leader who made a historic journey to mecca. Made the Muslim world interesting to viewers.
Agricultural Struggle in 19th Century
1. Local taxes 2. National Tariffs 3. Over production 4. Isolation from Europe 5. Wanted Silver
80. Bantu and their migrations
To the 10th century, the wave reached the east African interior. Bantu-speaking herders in the north and farmers in the south mixed with older populations in the region. Others were moving to the African coast. Thus creating coastal trading ports.
According to daoist philosophy, the symbol "ying yang) suggests _____________.
the existence of 2 supreme deities who created the world
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