AP US History Note Cards Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Moral Diplomacy
-During Wilsons Presidency America
-Policy adopted by President Woodrow Wilson that rejected the approach of "dollar diplomacy". Rather than focusing mainly on economic ties with other nations, Wilson's policy was designed to bring right principles to the world, preserve peace, and extend to other peoples the blessings of democracy.
_____colonists perished during the voyage.
Forty
Yellow Journalism
-Early 1900s America
-Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
-Used by the Yellow Press
U.S.S Maine
-Cuba 1898
-U.S. Battleship that exploded in Havana Harbor in 1898; Evidence suggests an internal explosion, however Spanish military was framed by Yellow Journalism; The incident was a catalyst for the Spanish American War
League of Nations Debate
-Senate, Isolationists, Reservationists
-many senators opposed the treaty of Versailles because of the league of nations:
isolationists: rejected treaty because it would involve too many commitments abroad
reservationists: only would accept it with certain clauses added to it
- people thought that we would be drawn into a war that we didn't want to
- U.S 1900s
-this was a debate that involved the treaty of versailles
Many original Carolina settlers had come from.
Barbados
John Locke
political analyist, believed that government existed only to preserve the natural rights of man, and that if the government failed to preserve these rights than the people had the duty to overthrow that government
Headright system
encouraged importation of indentured servants, system gave land to people who paid for the passage of indentured servants, slavery begins in 1619
Roger Williams
dissident preacher from Salem, Massachusetts who was facing arrest by the Puritans and who fled to Rhode Island and founded Providence
Lodge Corollary
-1912 America
-A corollary to the Monroe Doctrine proposed by Henry Cabot Lodge and ratified by the U.S. Senate in 1912 forbidding any foreign power or foreign interest of any kind to acquire sufficient territory in the Western Hemisphere so as to put that government in "practical power of control".
George Creel
-1917 America
-head of the Committee on Public Information 1917 which was allegedly formed to combat wartime rumors by providing authoritative info. It served as propaganda agency proclaiming the govn'ts version of reality and discrediting those who questioned that version.
An Iroquois named__________ arose to warn his tribespeople to mend their ways.His teachings live today in the form of the longhouse religion.He died in 1815.
Handsome Lake
Thousands of_____ were needed to operate sugar plantations, and these weren’t for the poor either.
African slaves
Glorious Revolution
when James II peacefully abdicated from the throne, he was replaced by Mary and William of Orange
Patrick Henry-
brilliant orator and important figure in the American revolution, member of the Virginia Committee of Correspondence, delegate to the First Continental Congress, famous for his "Give me liberty or give me death"
Jonathan Edwards
started the Great Awakening in America, preached that salvation couldn't be attained through good works
Bunch of people
John Singleton Copley- important American painter during the Revolutionary time period, his paintings reflected the democratic spirit of the ageCharles Peale- important American painter, painted Ben FranklinEdmund Burke- conservative political theorist, friend of America in the British parliament, he warned that the American colonies would one day show themselves as equals to the rest of the worldCarl Becker- historian, saw Revolution as stemming from class conflict and ending in a transformed social orderGary Nash/Edward Countryman- historians, emphasize class conflict and resentment towards wealth, evidence of revolutionary change even without the BritishBernard Bailyn- historian, believed that the colonists weren't overly burdened by the British, he believed that the colonies were already fairly democratic before independence
Fair Deal
Suggested by Truman that every American have health insurance and get paid at least the minimum wage to secure all guaranteed rights.
Ann Hutchinson
Was banished from Massachusetts Bay for challenging the Puritan Ministers
 
--fled to Rhode Island and then to Long Island where she and most of her family were killed by Native-Americans
 
She became a symbol of religious  freedom and womens' rights
Tampico Incident
-In April 1914
- some U.S. sailors were arrested in Tampico, Mexico. President Wilson used the incident to send U.S. troops into northern Mexico. His real intent was to unseat the Huerta government there. After the Niagara Falls Conference, Huerta abdicated and the confrontation ended.
Russo Japanese War
-Early 1900s
-Russia and Japan were fighting over Korea, Manchuria, etc. Began in 1904, but neither side could gain a clear advantage and win. Both sent reps to Portsmouth, NH where TR mediated Treaty of New Hampshire in 1905. TR won the nobel peace prize for his efforts, the 1st pres. to do so.
1.In the 1500s, Britain’s population was mushrooming.2. Farmers were enclosing land for farming.3.Puritanism took a strong root in the woolen districts of western and eastern England.4.Younger sons of rich folk (who couldn’t inherit money) tried their
Reasons for Emigration
In the 1500s, Britain didn’t really colonize because of
internal conflicts
By 1625, out of an original overall total of 8000 would-be settlers, only _____had survived.
1200
Pontiac's Rebellion
the Ottowa chief Pontiac led several tribes that had been previously allied with the French in a violent (about 2000 colonists were killed) but brief attempt to force the British out of the Ohio valley, his uprising was eventually crushed, however the incident convinced the British to keep troops in the colonies and issue the Proclamation of 1763
Currancy Act
British law that required all American colonies to base their currencies on the British pound, the British didn't want their colonies to switch to francs or dubloons
Peter Stuyvesant
last director of the New Netherland colony, he surrendered the colony to the English after a surprise attack
Henry Knox......Ben Franklin
Thomas Jefferson - Secretary of StateAlexander Hamilton- Secretary of the TreasuryHenry Knox- Secretary of WarEdmund Randolf- Attorney General, knowledgeable of lawsBen Franklin- Postmaster General
Taft-Hartley Act
a United States federal law that monitors the activities and power of labor unions
New Spain
Spanish colonies in the New World, controlled by the government in Spain
 
200,000 Spanish came to the new world
Iindian population used as slave labor-they died of overwork and European disease
 
Black slaves from Africa began to be imported
 
Schenck v. United States
-1919 America
-Shenck was passing out information about how the war was dangerous/ so the government said we need to ban this speech because it presents a clear and present danger to the US. Established the standard that if someone violated free speech, the speech must present some kind of "clear and present danger"
They were made up of the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the Onondagas, the Deganawidah, and the Hiawatha.
iraquios
Britain and Spain finally signed a
peace treaty in 1604
Massachusetts Bay Colony
colony in North America founded by English Puritans, Puritans fled because the feared for their religion and for England's future, became one of the biggest and most influencial of the New England outposts
3/5 Compromise-Commercial compromise-
3/5 Compromise- decision that made a slave count as 3/5 of a person, southern states wanted the slaves to count as people in apportioning direct taxes and representation, compromise between equal representation and none at allCommercial compromise- agreement between Northern and Southern states, Southern states agreed to stop importing slaves if there would be no more taxes on exports, to get the constitution passed
Middle ColoniesWilliam Penn
founded Pennsylvania as a haven for his fellow Quakers, also as a "Holy Experiment" (an experiment with religious freedom and liberal laws)
General Edward Braddock
British general during the French and Indian War, commanded a strong detachment of British regulars, led his troops in an attempt to capture Ft. Duquesne, was mortally wounded, his troops were routed after heavy losses
Harry S. Truman
The President of the United States after Franklin D. Roosevelt was killed. He was the president during the Cold War.
_____ created a greed for land, since it heavily depleted soil and ruined the land.______detested tobacco.
TobaccoKing James I
John Peter Zenger trial-
trial of an American newspaper printer for libel against the royal governor, he was acquitted, monumental case that was the first step towards freedom of expression and of the press
colonization in N. America
English at Jamestown in 1607, French at Quebec in 1608, and the Spanish at Sante Fe in 1610
President’s Committee on Civil Rights/To Secure These Rights
The committee was instructed to investigate the status of civil rights in the United States and propose measures to strengthen and protect the civil rights of American citizens. After the committee submitted a report of its findings to President Truman, it disbanded December 1947
Treaty of Tordesillas
Line of Demarcation drawn by the Pope dividing the heathen world into two "equal "parts-  east for Portugal, west for Spain--line turned out to favor Spain, treaty moved the line west resulting with Brazil becoming a Portugal colony.
Named after King George II of England, Georgia was also meantto be a haven for
wretched souls in debt.
Northwest Ordinance 1787
- related to the governing of the old Northwest, first the area would be a territory, but when it had 60,000 inhabitants it could be admitted by Congress as a state, also forbade slavery in the region.
The Second Anglo-Powhatan War began in 1644, ended in 1646, and effectively
banished the Chesapeake Indians from their ancestral lands
Southern ColoniesVA purpose, problems, failures, successes
purpose was to get England involved in colonization of America (to gain land), Roanoke Colony failed, economy was a wreck until tobacco was introduced as prime crop
The charter of the Virginia Company guaranteed
settlers the same rights as Englishmen in Britain.
Georgia was intended to be a buffer between________ in Florida and the enemy French in Louisiana.
the British colonies and the hostile Spanish settlements
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